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Average Weather in Jining China

In Jining, the summers are long, hot, muggy, wet, and partly cloudy and the winters are short, very cold, dry, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 27°F to 89°F and is rarely below 19°F or above 97°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Jining for warm-weather activities are from early May to mid June and from late August to mid October.

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Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow69%69%52%52%clearovercastprecipitation: 5.7 inprecipitation: 5.7 in0.2 in0.2 inmuggy: 95%muggy: 95%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.3tourism score: 7.30.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.
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Temperature

The hot season lasts for 4.2 months, from May 13 to September 20, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest day of the year is July 16, with an average high of 89°F and low of 76°F.

The cold season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 28 to February 24, with an average daily high temperature below 50°F. The coldest day of the year is January 11, with an average low of 27°F and high of 40°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature in JininghotcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FJan 1140°FJan 1140°FJul 1689°FJul 1689°F27°F27°F76°F76°FMay 1379°FMay 1379°FSep 2079°FSep 2079°FNov 2850°FNov 2850°FFeb 2450°FFeb 2450°F64°F64°F65°F65°F36°F36°F34°F34°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in JiningJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolwarmhotvery coldcomfortablefreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Kennett, Missouri, United States (7,207 miles away); Baltimore, Maryland, United States (7,216 miles); and Karaj, Iran (3,614 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Jining (view comparison).

Clouds

In Jining, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Jining begins around August 31 and lasts for 5.2 months, ending around February 6. On December 18, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 69% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 31% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around February 6 and lasts for 6.8 months, ending around August 31. On July 14, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 48% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 52% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in JiningclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Dec 1869%Dec 1869%Jul 1452%Jul 1452%Aug 3160%Aug 3160%Feb 660%Feb 660%NowNowclearmostly cloudyovercastpartly cloudymostly clear
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Jining varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 2.7 months, from June 15 to September 5, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 41% on July 23.

The drier season lasts 9.3 months, from September 5 to June 15. The smallest chance of a wet day is 3% on January 17.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 41% on July 23.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in JiningwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jul 2341%Jul 2341%Jan 173%Jan 173%Jan 13%Jan 13%Jun 1522%Jun 1522%Sep 522%Sep 522%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Jining experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.9 months, from March 1 to November 29, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 19, with an average total accumulation of 5.7 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 29 to March 1. The least rain falls around January 18, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall in JiningrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in2 in2 in4 in4 in6 in6 in8 in8 in10 in10 inJul 195.7 inJul 195.7 inJan 180.1 inJan 180.1 inMar 10.5 inMar 10.5 inNov 290.5 inNov 290.5 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Jining varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 46 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 33 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in JiningJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 8 minMar 2012 hr, 8 minMar 2014 hr, 33 minJun 2114 hr, 33 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2312 hr, 9 minSep 239 hr, 46 minDec 219 hr, 46 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:58 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 25 minutes later at 7:23 AM on January 7. The earliest sunset is at 5:00 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 32 minutes later at 7:32 PM on June 28.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Jining during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in JiningJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 124:58 AMJun 124:58 AM7:32 PMJun 287:32 PMJun 28Dec 55:00 PMDec 55:00 PM7:23 AMJan 77:23 AMJan 7daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Jining experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from June 8 to September 18, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 24% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 27, with muggy conditions 95% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is December 13, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in JiningmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Dec 130%Dec 130%95%Jul 2795%Jul 27Jun 824%Jun 824%Sep 1824%Sep 1824%NowNowmiserablemiserabledrydryhumidhumidoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggy
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Jining experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from February 14 to June 20, with average wind speeds of more than 8.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.8 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.8 months, from June 20 to February 14. The calmest day of the year is September 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.4 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in JiningwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mphApr 309.8 mphApr 309.8 mphSep 16.4 mphSep 16.4 mphFeb 148.1 mphFeb 148.1 mphJun 208.1 mphJun 208.1 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Jining varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 6.5 months, from January 27 to August 10 and for 2.8 months, from September 4 to November 29, with a peak percentage of 54% on June 14. The wind is most often from the east for 3.6 weeks, from August 10 to September 4, with a peak percentage of 37% on August 16. The wind is most often from the north for 1.9 months, from November 29 to January 27, with a peak percentage of 34% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in JiningNSESNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowsoutheastnorthwest
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Jining throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Jining for general outdoor tourist activities are from early May to mid June and from late August to mid October, with a peak score in the last week of September.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in JiningJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.37.30.00.06.96.94.54.5NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Jining for hot-weather activities are from late May to mid July and from early August to early September, with a peak score in the third week of June.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in JiningJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810106.66.60.00.06.56.55.75.7NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Jining typically lasts for 8.2 months (252 days), from around March 12 to around November 19, rarely starting before February 22 or after March 30, and rarely ending before November 2 or after December 6.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Jininggrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 1250%Mar 1250%Nov 1950%Nov 1990%Mar 3090%Mar 3090%Nov 290%Nov 210%Feb 2210%Feb 2210%Dec 610%Dec 60%Jan 170%Jan 17Jul 16100%Jul 16100%very coldcomfortablewarmhotfreezingcoolcold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Jining should appear around March 21, only rarely appearing before March 10 or after April 1.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in JiningJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F1,000°F1,000°F2,000°F2,000°F3,000°F3,000°F4,000°F4,000°F5,000°F5,000°FMar 2184°FMar 2184°FMay 19900°FMay 19900°FJun 211,800°FJun 211,800°FDec 315,152°FDec 315,152°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from April 14 to August 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 31, with an average of 6.5 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 3 to February 6, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 2.6 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in JiningbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhMay 316.5 kWhMay 316.5 kWhDec 242.6 kWhDec 242.6 kWhApr 145.7 kWhApr 145.7 kWhAug 115.7 kWhAug 115.7 kWhFeb 63.3 kWhFeb 63.3 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Jining are 35.405 deg latitude, 116.581 deg longitude, and 141 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Jining is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 69 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 130 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (121 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,978 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Jining is covered by artificial surfaces (95%), within 10 miles by cropland (71%) and artificial surfaces (21%), and within 50 miles by cropland (70%) and artificial surfaces (15%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Jining, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Jinan, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Jining.

At a distance of 147 kilometers from Jining, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Jining according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.