Average Weather in Kencong Indonesia
In Kencong, the wet season is overcast, the dry season is windy and partly cloudy, and it is hot and oppressive year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 72°F to 90°F and is rarely below 69°F or above 93°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Kencong, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Kencong begins around May 1 and lasts for 5.7 months, ending around October 22. On August 2, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 47% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 53% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 22 and lasts for 6.3 months, ending around May 1. On February 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 90% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 10% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kencong varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.1 months, from November 17 to April 21, with a greater than 35% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 64% on February 1.
The drier season lasts 6.9 months, from April 21 to November 17. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on August 20.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 64% on February 1.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kencong experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Kencong. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around January 29, with an average total accumulation of 10.4 inches.
The least rain falls around August 21, with an average total accumulation of 0.6 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Kencong does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 36 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2017, the shortest day is June 21, with 11 hours, 38 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 12 hours, 37 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 4:56 AM on November 15, and the latest sunrise is 46 minutes later at 5:42 AM on July 15. The earliest sunset is at 5:14 PM on May 25, and the latest sunset is 40 minutes later at 5:53 PM on January 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Kencong during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Kencong, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 3% of 97% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Kencong experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.5 months, from May 16 to November 2, with average wind speeds of more than 4.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is August 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.5 months, from November 2 to May 16. The calmest day of the year is March 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.1 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kencong varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 4.0 days, from March 15 to March 19 and for 4.5 months, from August 12 to December 26, with a peak percentage of 77% on October 6. The wind is most often from the east for 4.8 months, from March 19 to August 12, with a peak percentage of 76% on May 16. The wind is most often from the west for 2.6 months, from December 26 to March 15, with a peak percentage of 49% on January 1.
Kencong is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 6.1 months, from November 18 to May 22, with an average temperature above 83°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is March 24, with an average temperature of 84°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 2.5 months, from July 18 to October 1, with an average temperature below 80°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is August 26, with an average temperature of 78°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from August 19 to October 30, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is September 28, with an average of 6.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from December 7 to April 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is February 4, with an average of 4.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kencong are -8.283 deg latitude, 113.367 deg longitude, and 43 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Kencong is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 72 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 39 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (653 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (12,064 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Kencong is covered by cropland (42%), trees (28%), shrubs (18%), and grassland (13%), within 10 miles by cropland (30%) and water (28%), and within 50 miles by water (47%) and trees (27%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Kencong, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Kencong.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Kencong according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Kencong is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Kencong and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.