Average Weather in Mérida Mexico
In Mérida, the summers are short, sweltering, oppressive, and partly cloudy and the winters are warm, muggy, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 65°F to 97°F and is rarely below 57°F or above 103°F.
The hot season lasts for 2.2 months, from April 7 to June 13, with an average daily high temperature above 94°F. The hottest day of the year is May 11, with an average high of 97°F and low of 74°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.1 months, from November 8 to February 11, with an average daily high temperature below 87°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 65°F and high of 85°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Mérida, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Mérida begins around October 28 and lasts for 6.6 months, ending around May 17. On February 24, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 76% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 24% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around May 17 and lasts for 5.4 months, ending around October 28. On September 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 74% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 26% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Mérida varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.7 months, from May 28 to October 18, with a greater than 33% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 58% on September 11.
The drier season lasts 7.3 months, from October 18 to May 28. The smallest chance of a wet day is 8% on March 3.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 58% on September 11.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Mérida experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Mérida. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 19, with an average total accumulation of 5.4 inches.
The least rain falls around March 9, with an average total accumulation of 0.7 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Mérida varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 52 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 25 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:51 AM on April 1, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 8 minutes later at 6:59 AM on October 28. The earliest sunset is at 5:15 PM on November 26, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 28 minutes later at 7:44 PM on July 4.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Mérida during 2017, starting in the spring on April 2, lasting 6.8 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Mérida experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 8.6 months, from March 28 to December 17, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 61% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is September 12, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 30, with muggy conditions 48% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.The average hourly wind speed in Mérida does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.4 miles per hour of 2.3 miles per hour throughout.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Mérida is from the east throughout the year.
Mérida is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.8 months, from July 1 to October 26, with an average temperature above 81°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is September 19, with an average temperature of 83°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 2.8 months, from December 20 to March 15, with an average temperature below 76°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is January 26, with an average temperature of 74°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.2 months, from March 19 to May 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 30, with an average of 7.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from November 6 to January 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 29, with an average of 4.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Mérida are 20.975 deg latitude, -89.617 deg longitude, and 36 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Mérida is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 79 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 39 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (174 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (574 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Mérida is covered by artificial surfaces (99%), within 10 miles by cropland (73%) and artificial surfaces (20%), and within 50 miles by cropland (40%) and water (26%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Mérida, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Manuel Crescencio Rejón International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Mérida.
At a distance of 6 kilometers from Mérida, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Mérida according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.