Average Weather in Jinshan China
In Jinshan, the summers are long, warm, and partly cloudy and the winters are frigid, dry, windy, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -2°F to 81°F and is rarely below -12°F or above 88°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Jinshan for warm-weather activities is from mid June to late August.
The warm season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 12 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 68°F. The hottest day of the year is July 15, with an average high of 81°F and low of 62°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from November 23 to February 22, with an average daily high temperature below 30°F. The coldest day of the year is January 12, with an average low of -2°F and high of 18°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Jinshan, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Jinshan begins around August 28 and lasts for 5.6 months, ending around February 15. On December 8, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 77% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 23% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around February 15 and lasts for 6.4 months, ending around August 28. On June 17, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 41% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 59% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Jinshan varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.2 months, from June 8 to September 16, with a greater than 16% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 33% on July 31.
The drier season lasts 8.8 months, from September 16 to June 8. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on January 6.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Jinshan changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 8.4 months, from January 5 to January 15 and from March 16 to November 18. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 33% on July 31.
Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 1.1 weeks, from March 8 to March 16. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 1% on March 16.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Jinshan experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from May 8 to October 12, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 1, with an average total accumulation of 2.6 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from October 12 to May 8. The least rain falls around January 6, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Jinshan varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 9 hours, 13 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 8 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:06 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 58 minutes later at 8:04 AM on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:11 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 5 minutes later at 8:16 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Jinshan during 2018.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Jinshan, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Jinshan experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from February 27 to June 10, with average wind speeds of more than 10.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.6 months, from June 10 to February 27. The calmest day of the year is August 20, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Jinshan varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 4.3 months, from May 31 to October 8, with a peak percentage of 44% on July 29. The wind is most often from the west for 7.7 months, from October 8 to May 31, with a peak percentage of 43% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Jinshan throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Jinshan for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Jinshan for hot-weather activities is from early July to early August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Jinshan typically lasts for 5.3 months (160 days), from around April 27 to around October 4, rarely starting before April 12 or after May 12, and rarely ending before September 18 or after October 20.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Jinshan should appear around April 27, only rarely appearing before April 18 or after May 7.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from April 14 to August 5, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 3, with an average of 7.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 4 to February 5, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 2.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Jinshan are 41.033 deg latitude, 110.052 deg longitude, and 4,488 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Jinshan contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 394 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,457 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,798 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,409 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Jinshan is covered by artificial surfaces (40%), grassland (23%), cropland (17%), and trees (15%), within 10 miles by grassland (67%) and artificial surfaces (13%), and within 50 miles by grassland (63%) and trees (11%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Jinshan, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Hohhot Baita International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Jinshan.
At a distance of 150 kilometers from Jinshan, further than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed insufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records. Consequently, the station records are blended with interpolated values from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis , and both are corrected for elevation differences according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
The weight assigned to the MERRA-2 value depends on the distance from Jinshan to the nearest station, increasing from 0% at 150 kilometers to 100% at 200 kilometers. In this case, the MERRA-2 weight is 1%, making the weight assigned to the weather station 99%.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.