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Average Weather in Altamont Oregon, United States

In Altamont, the summers are warm, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are chilly and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 22°F to 85°F and is rarely below 8°F or above 93°F.

The hot season lasts for 3.0 months, from June 18 to September 18, with an average daily high temperature above 75°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 85°F and low of 50°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.4 months, from November 15 to February 26, with an average daily high temperature below 47°F. The coldest day of the year is December 23, with an average low of 22°F and high of 38°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Altamont12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecfreezingchillycoldcoolcomfortablewarm
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Altamont, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Altamont begins around June 5 and lasts for 4.2 months, ending around October 12. On August 3, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 87% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 13% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 12 and lasts for 7.8 months, ending around June 5. On January 10, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 67% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 34% of the time.

Cloud Cover

Cloud Cover in Altamontclearercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJan 1067%Jan 1067%Aug 313%Aug 313%Jun 540%Jun 540%Oct 1240%Oct 1240%overcastmostly cloudypartly cloudymostly clearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Altamont varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.2 months, from October 24 to April 29, with a greater than 18% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 33% on November 30.

The drier season lasts 5.8 months, from April 29 to October 24. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on July 18.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 21% on November 22.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Altamontwetwetdry0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNov 3033%Nov 3033%Jul 184%Jul 184%Oct 2419%Oct 2419%Apr 2918%Apr 2918%snowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Altamont experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.0 months, from September 19 to June 19, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around December 9, with an average total accumulation of 2.4 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from June 19 to September 19. The least rain falls around August 1, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Altamont experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.2 months, from October 31 to April 6, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 22, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.6 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from April 6 to October 31. The least snow falls around August 2, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Altamontsnowsnow0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 inJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecDec 220.6 inDec 220.6 inAug 20.0 inAug 20.0 inOct 310.1 inOct 310.1 inApr 60.1 inApr 60.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Altamont varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 6 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 16 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:30 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 14 minutes later at 7:44 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:34 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 13 minutes later at 8:47 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Altamont during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Altamont12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 145:30 AMJun 145:30 AM8:47 PMJun 268:47 PMJun 26Dec 84:34 PMDec 84:34 PM7:44 AMNov 47:44 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnight
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Altamont, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Altamont0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJan 200%Jan 200%Jul 220%Jul 220%drydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Altamont experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.7 months, from October 22 to June 12, with average wind speeds of more than 3.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 16, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.3 months, from June 12 to October 22. The calmest day of the year is August 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.6 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Altamontwindywindy0.0 mph0.5 mph1.0 mph1.5 mph2.0 mph2.5 mph3.0 mph3.5 mph4.0 mph4.5 mph5.0 mph5.5 mph6.0 mphJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecMar 163.7 mphMar 163.7 mphAug 32.6 mphAug 32.6 mphOct 223.2 mphOct 223.2 mphJun 123.2 mphJun 123.2 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Altamont varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 5.8 months, from March 23 to September 18, with a peak percentage of 48% on June 4. The wind is most often from the east for 4.1 weeks, from September 18 to October 17, with a peak percentage of 31% on October 6. The wind is most often from the south for 5.2 months, from October 17 to March 23, with a peak percentage of 43% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in AltamontSWES0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from May 14 to August 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 8.3 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 30 to February 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 15, with an average of 1.7 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Altamontbrightdarkdark0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJul 18.3 kWhJul 18.3 kWhDec 151.7 kWhDec 151.7 kWhMay 147.0 kWhMay 147.0 kWhAug 257.0 kWhAug 257.0 kWhOct 303.0 kWhOct 303.0 kWhFeb 183.0 kWhFeb 183.0 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Altamont are 42.207 deg latitude, -121.737 deg longitude, and 4,150 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Altamont contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 627 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,168 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (2,415 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (7,825 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Altamont is covered by artificial surfaces (49%), shrubs (37%), and cropland (10%), within 10 miles by shrubs (53%) and cropland (31%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (52%) and trees (33%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Altamont, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Altamont.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Altamont according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Altamont is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Altamont and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Klamath Falls Airport (99%, 7 kilometers, south) and Rogue Valley International - Medford Airport (1.3%, 95 kilometers, west).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.