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Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Kyakhta Russia

In Kyakhta, the summers are long and comfortable; the winters are short, frigid, and dry; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -20°F to 77°F and is rarely below -30°F or above 87°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Kyakhta for warm-weather activities is from early July to early August.

Climate in Kyakhta

frigidcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldfrigidJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow58%58%46%46%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.5 inprecipitation: 2.5 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrytourism score: 5.6tourism score: 5.60.00.0
Kyakhta weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

Average Temperature in Kyakhta

The warm season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 14 to September 13, with an average daily high temperature above 61°F. The hottest day of the year is July 17, with an average high of 77°F and low of 54°F.

The cold season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 25 to February 21, with an average daily high temperature below 15°F. The coldest day of the year is January 18, with an average low of -20°F and high of -0°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in Kyakhta

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in Kyakhta

Average Hourly Temperature in KyakhtaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfrigidfrigidfreezingfreezingcoldcoldcoolcomfortablevery coldwarm
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Fort Smith, Canada (4,522 miles away) and Flin Flon, Canada (4,997 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Kyakhta (view comparison).

Compare Kyakhta to another city:

Clouds

In Kyakhta, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Kyakhta begins around July 10 and lasts for 3.5 months, ending around October 27. On September 13, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 58% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 42% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 27 and lasts for 8.5 months, ending around July 10. On December 17, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 54% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 46% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories in Kyakhta

Cloud Cover Categories in KyakhtaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Sep 1358%Sep 1358%Dec 1746%Dec 1746%Jul 1052%Jul 1052%Oct 2752%Oct 2752%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kyakhta varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 3.9 months, from May 20 to September 18, with a greater than 17% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 34% on July 29.

The drier season lasts 8.1 months, from September 18 to May 20. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on January 18.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Kyakhta changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 6.4 months, from April 5 to October 16. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 34% on July 29.

Snow alone is the most common for 5.6 months, from October 16 to April 5. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 3% on November 2.

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Kyakhta

Daily Chance of Precipitation in KyakhtasnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jul 2934%Jul 2934%Jan 180%Jan 180%Apr 54%Apr 54%Oct 165%Oct 165%Jan 11%Jan 11%May 2017%May 2017%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kyakhta experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 1 to October 2, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 26, with an average total accumulation of 2.5 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from October 2 to May 1. The least rain falls around December 15, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in Kyakhta

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Kyakhta does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Kyakhta

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in KyakhtasnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 inOct 300.1 inOct 300.1 inAug 30.0 inAug 30.0 inApr 240.1 inApr 240.1 inNowNow
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Kyakhta varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 1 minute of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 26 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Kyakhta

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in KyakhtaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 10 minMar 2012 hr, 10 minMar 2016 hr, 26 minJun 2116 hr, 26 minJun 2112 hr, 13 minSep 2312 hr, 13 minSep 238 hr, 1 minDec 218 hr, 1 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:42 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 4 hours, 12 minutes later at 8:54 AM on December 31. The earliest sunset is at 4:50 PM on December 12, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 19 minutes later at 9:09 PM on June 25.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Kyakhta during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Kyakhta

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in KyakhtaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 174:42 AMJun 174:42 AM9:09 PMJun 259:09 PMJun 25Dec 124:50 PMDec 124:50 PM8:54 AMDec 318:54 AMDec 31daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Kyakhta

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Kyakhta, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels in Kyakhta

Humidity Comfort Levels in KyakhtaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Nov 20%Nov 20%Jul 270%Jul 270%NowNowdrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Kyakhta experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from March 12 to June 9, with average wind speeds of more than 7.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 19, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.4 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 9.1 months, from June 9 to March 12. The calmest day of the year is August 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.6 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in Kyakhta

Average Wind Speed in KyakhtawindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mphApr 198.4 mphApr 198.4 mphAug 65.6 mphAug 65.6 mphMar 127.0 mphMar 127.0 mphJun 97.0 mphJun 97.0 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kyakhta varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 8.0 months, from February 24 to October 23, with a peak percentage of 55% on June 19. The wind is most often from the south for 4.0 months, from October 23 to February 24, with a peak percentage of 56% on January 1.

Wind Direction in Kyakhta

Wind Direction in KyakhtaSNSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Kyakhta throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kyakhta for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to early August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Tourism Score in Kyakhta

Tourism Score in KyakhtaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810105.65.60.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kyakhta for hot-weather activities is for the entire month of July, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score in Kyakhta

Beach/Pool Score in KyakhtaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810102.32.30.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Kyakhta typically lasts for 3.6 months (109 days), from around May 25 to around September 12, rarely starting before May 9 or after June 12, and rarely ending before August 27 or after September 27.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Kyakhta

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Kyakhtagrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 2550%May 2550%Sep 1250%Sep 1250%Jun 1290%Jun 1290%Aug 2790%Aug 2790%May 910%May 910%Sep 2710%Sep 2710%0%Feb 280%Feb 28Jul 20100%Jul 20100%NowNowfrigidcoldcoolcomfortablefreezinghot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Kyakhta should appear around May 15, only rarely appearing before May 7 or after May 24.

Growing Degree Days in Kyakhta

Growing Degree Days in KyakhtaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F200°F200°F400°F400°F600°F600°F800°F800°F1,000°F1,000°F1,200°F1,200°F1,400°F1,400°F1,600°F1,600°F1,800°F1,800°FMay 1590°FMay 1590°FJul 23900°FJul 23900°FDec 311,480°FDec 311,480°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from April 25 to August 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 5, with an average of 6.8 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from October 29 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 1.1 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Kyakhta

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in KyakhtabrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhJun 56.8 kWhJun 56.8 kWhDec 221.1 kWhDec 221.1 kWhApr 255.6 kWhApr 255.6 kWhAug 125.6 kWhAug 125.6 kWhOct 292.2 kWhOct 292.2 kWhFeb 102.2 kWhFeb 102.2 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kyakhta are 50.357 deg latitude, 106.450 deg longitude, and 2,513 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Kyakhta contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 974 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,719 feet. Within 10 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,634 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,881 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Kyakhta is covered by grassland (52%), bare soil (13%), trees (13%), and cropland (11%), within 10 miles by trees (35%) and sparse vegetation (22%), and within 50 miles by grassland (38%) and trees (27%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Kyakhta, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Ulan-Ude Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Kyakhta.

At a distance of 176 kilometers from Kyakhta, further than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed insufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records. Consequently, the station records are blended with interpolated values from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis , and both are corrected for elevation differences according to the International Standard Atmosphere .

The weight assigned to the MERRA-2 value depends on the distance from Kyakhta to the nearest station, increasing from 0% at 150 kilometers to 100% at 200 kilometers. In this case, the MERRA-2 weight is 34%, making the weight assigned to the weather station 66%.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.