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Average Weather in Tsant Mongolia

In Tsant, the summers are long, warm, and partly cloudy; the winters are frigid, windy, and mostly clear; and it is dry year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -14°F to 80°F and is rarely below -24°F or above 91°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Tsant for warm-weather activities is from late June to mid August.

Climate Summary

frigidfreezingcoldcoolwarmcoolfrigidJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec68%68%56%56%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.3 inprecipitation: 1.3 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.5tourism score: 6.50.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 16 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 66°F. The hottest day of the year is July 19, with an average high of 80°F and low of 57°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from November 22 to February 23, with an average daily high temperature below 22°F. The coldest day of the year is January 18, with an average low of -14°F and high of 8°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in TsantJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidfrigidcoldcoolwarmcomfortablefreezingcoldfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Fort Nelson, Canada (4,664 miles away); Fort McMurray, Canada (5,000 miles); and Nipawin, Canada (5,330 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Tsant (view comparison).

Clouds

In Tsant, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Tsant begins around August 25 and lasts for 6.3 months, ending around March 2. On October 1, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 68% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around March 2 and lasts for 5.7 months, ending around August 25. On May 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 44% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 56% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in TsantclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Oct 168%Oct 168%May 1156%May 1156%Aug 2562%Aug 2562%Mar 262%Mar 262%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Tsant varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 2.7 months, from June 13 to September 4, with a greater than 11% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 23% on July 19.

The drier season lasts 9.3 months, from September 4 to June 13. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on December 8.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 23% on July 19.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Tsant experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from June 5 to September 11, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 29, with an average total accumulation of 1.3 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 8.8 months, from September 11 to June 5. The least rain falls around February 5, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Tsant varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 8 hours, 37 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 47 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:00 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 35 minutes later at 8:35 AM on January 2. The earliest sunset is at 5:07 PM on December 11, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 42 minutes later at 8:48 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Tsant during 2018.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in TsantJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 165:00 AMJun 165:00 AM8:48 PMJun 268:48 PMJun 26Dec 115:07 PMDec 115:07 PM8:35 AMJan 28:35 AMJan 2daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Tsant, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in TsantJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 120%Jan 120%Jul 280%Jul 280%drydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Tsant experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from February 28 to June 14, with average wind speeds of more than 11.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is May 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 13.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.5 months, from June 14 to February 28. The calmest day of the year is August 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.9 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in TsantwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mph22 mphMay 313.3 mphMay 313.3 mphAug 158.9 mphAug 158.9 mphFeb 2811.1 mphFeb 2811.1 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Tsant varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 8.8 months, from January 10 to October 5, with a peak percentage of 48% on January 25. The wind is most often from the west for 3.2 months, from October 5 to January 10, with a peak percentage of 46% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in TsantNWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westnorthsoutheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Tsant throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Tsant for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in TsantJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.56.50.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Tsant for hot-weather activities is from early July to early August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in TsantJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468103.13.10.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Tsant typically lasts for 3.9 months (119 days), from around May 19 to around September 15, rarely starting before May 3 or after June 4, and rarely ending before August 29 or after September 30.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Tsantgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 1950%May 1950%Sep 1550%Sep 1550%Jun 490%Jun 490%Aug 2990%Aug 2990%May 310%May 310%Sep 3010%Sep 3010%0%Nov 230%Nov 23Jul 13100%Jul 13100%frigidcoolcomfortablewarmcoldhotfreezingvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Tsant should appear around May 8, only rarely appearing before April 29 or after May 16.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from April 20 to August 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 3, with an average of 7.5 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from November 2 to February 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 1.7 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in TsantbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJun 37.5 kWhJun 37.5 kWhDec 221.7 kWhDec 221.7 kWhApr 206.3 kWhApr 206.3 kWhAug 86.3 kWhAug 86.3 kWhFeb 72.9 kWhFeb 72.9 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Tsant are 46.183 deg latitude, 106.717 deg longitude, and 4,337 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Tsant contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 722 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,324 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (938 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,116 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Tsant is covered by bare soil (99%), within 10 miles by bare soil (97%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (84%) and sparse vegetation (14%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Tsant, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Ulan-Bator Chinggis Khan International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Tsant.

At a distance of 185 kilometers from Tsant, further than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed insufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records. Consequently, the station records are blended with interpolated values from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis , and both are corrected for elevation differences according to the International Standard Atmosphere .

The weight assigned to the MERRA-2 value depends on the distance from Tsant to the nearest station, increasing from 0% at 150 kilometers to 100% at 200 kilometers. In this case, the MERRA-2 weight is 41%, making the weight assigned to the weather station 59%.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.