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Average Weather in Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam

In Ho Chi Minh City, the wet season is overcast, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is hot and oppressive year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 71°F to 94°F and is rarely below 67°F or above 97°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Ho Chi Minh City12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDeccomfortablecomfortablewarmwarmhothot
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Ho Chi Minh City, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Ho Chi Minh City begins around November 18 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around April 10. On February 27, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 47% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 53% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around April 10 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around November 18. On August 25, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 93% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 7% of the time.

Cloud Cover

Cloud Cover in Ho Chi Minh Cityclearerclearerclearerclearercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecAug 2593%Aug 2593%Feb 2753%Feb 2753%Nov 1873%Nov 1873%Apr 1073%Apr 1073%overcastovercastmostly cloudymostly cloudypartly cloudypartly cloudymostly clearmostly clearclearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Ho Chi Minh City varies very significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.0 months, from May 9 to November 10, with a greater than 32% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 61% on September 28.

The drier season lasts 6.0 months, from November 10 to May 9. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on February 5.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 61% on September 28.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Ho Chi Minh Citywetwetdrydrydrydry0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecSep 2861%Sep 2861%Feb 52%Feb 52%Jan 14%Jan 14%May 932%May 932%Nov 1032%Nov 1032%rainrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ho Chi Minh City experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.1 months, from March 24 to December 26, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 2, with an average total accumulation of 7.4 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from December 26 to March 24. The least rain falls around January 31, with and average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Ho Chi Minh City does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 45 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 30 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 46 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:29 AM on May 29, and the latest sunrise is 47 minutes later at 6:17 AM on January 26. The earliest sunset is at 5:26 PM on November 17, and the latest sunset is 54 minutes later at 6:20 PM on July 11.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Ho Chi Minh City during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Ho Chi Minh City12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecMay 295:29 AMMay 295:29 AM6:20 PMJul 116:20 PMJul 11Nov 175:26 PMNov 175:26 PM6:17 AMJan 266:17 AMJan 26daydaynightnightnightnight
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Ho Chi Minh City experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 11 months, from February 15 to December 31, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 84% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 17, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 29, with muggy conditions 78% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Ho Chi Minh Citymuggymuggy0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJan 2978%Jan 2978%100%Aug 17100%Aug 17Dec 3184%Dec 3184%miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggycomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Ho Chi Minh City experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from February 6 to May 13, with average wind speeds of more than 4.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 22, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.8 months, from May 13 to February 6. The calmest day of the year is October 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Ho Chi Minh Citywindywindy0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mphJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecMar 225.3 mphMar 225.3 mphOct 253.0 mphOct 253.0 mphFeb 64.1 mphFeb 64.1 mphMay 134.1 mphMay 134.1 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Ho Chi Minh City varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.3 months, from April 17 to May 26 and for 5.0 days, from October 9 to October 14, with a peak percentage of 52% on May 2. The wind is most often from the west for 4.5 months, from May 26 to October 9, with a peak percentage of 80% on August 8. The wind is most often from the east for 6.1 months, from October 14 to April 17, with a peak percentage of 70% on February 24.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Ho Chi Minh CityEESSWWEE0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestwestsouthsoutheasteastnorthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Ho Chi Minh City is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.2 months, from April 18 to June 25, with an average temperature above 84°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is May 21, with an average temperature of 86°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 2.5 months, from December 21 to March 4, with an average temperature below 80°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is January 23, with an average temperature of 78°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from February 1 to April 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is March 13, with an average of 6.6 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 20 to October 20, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is September 19, with an average of 4.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Ho Chi Minh Citybrightbrightdarkdark0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWhJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecMar 136.6 kWhMar 136.6 kWhSep 194.0 kWhSep 194.0 kWhFeb 16.0 kWhFeb 16.0 kWhMay 204.5 kWhMay 204.5 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ho Chi Minh City are 10.823 deg latitude, 106.630 deg longitude, and 20 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Ho Chi Minh City is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 69 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 19 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (318 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (3,251 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Ho Chi Minh City is covered by cropland (66%) and grassland (14%), within 10 miles by cropland (53%) and shrubs (15%), and within 50 miles by cropland (50%) and trees (16%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Ho Chi Minh City, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Tan Son Nhat International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Ho Chi Minh City.

At a distance of 2 kilometers from Ho Chi Minh City, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Ho Chi Minh City according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.