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Average Weather in Guatemala City Guatemala

In Guatemala City, the temperature typically varies from 56°F to 80°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 51°F or above 84°F.

The warm season lasts for 2.0 months, from March 19 to May 19, with an average daily high temperature above 78°F. The hottest day of the year is April 15, with an average high of 80°F and low of 61°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.4 months, from October 18 to February 1, with an average daily high temperature below 74°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 56°F and high of 73°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDeccoolcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmwarm
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Sun

The length of the day in Guatemala City varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 16 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 60 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:31 AM on June 2, and the latest sunrise is 60 minutes later at 6:31 AM on January 22. The earliest sunset is at 5:29 PM on November 21, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 6 minutes later at 6:35 PM on July 8.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Guatemala City during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Clouds

In Guatemala City, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Guatemala City begins around November 17 and lasts for 5.0 months, ending around April 18. On January 26, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 78% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 22% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around April 18 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around November 17. On June 13, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 94% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 6% of the time.

Cloud Cover

clearerclearerclearerclearercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 1394%Jun 1394%Jan 2622%Jan 2622%Nov 1758%Nov 1758%Apr 1858%Apr 1858%overcastovercastmostly cloudymostly cloudypartly cloudypartly cloudymostly clearmostly clearclearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Guatemala City varies very significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.4 months, from May 14 to October 25, with a greater than 29% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 56% on September 12.

The drier season lasts 6.6 months, from October 25 to May 14. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on February 14.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 56% on September 12.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Guatemala City experiences very significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.1 months, from March 31 to December 3, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 14, with an average total accumulation of 6.4 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from December 3 to March 31. The least rain falls around February 1, with and average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Guatemala City, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJan 310%Jan 310%May 273%May 273%humidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Guatemala City experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from October 27 to March 29, with average wind speeds of more than 3.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.9 months, from March 29 to October 27. The calmest day of the year is June 2, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Guatemala City varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.1 months, from May 17 to June 19 and for 2.6 weeks, from September 6 to September 24, with a peak percentage of 42% on June 5. The wind is most often from the east for 3.7 weeks, from June 19 to July 15, with a peak percentage of 44% on July 23. The wind is most often from the north for 1.7 months, from July 15 to September 6 and for 7.8 months, from September 24 to May 17, with a peak percentage of 78% on December 22.

Wind Direction

NNSSEENNSSNN0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestwestsouthsoutheasteastnorthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from February 17 to April 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is March 22, with an average of 6.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from August 23 to October 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is September 19, with an average of 4.7 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Guatemala City are 14.641 deg latitude, -90.513 deg longitude, and 4,892 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Guatemala City contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 663 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 4,856 feet. Within 10 miles contains extreme variations in elevation (4,396 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (13,054 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Guatemala City is covered by artificial surfaces (44%), grassland (32%), and trees (20%), within 10 miles by cropland (28%) and grassland (28%), and within 50 miles by trees (38%) and cropland (31%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Guatemala City, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Guatemala City.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Guatemala City according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Guatemala City is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Guatemala City and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: La Aurora International Airport (99%, 7 kilometers, south) and Huehuetenango (1.1%, 127 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .