Average Weather in Sacramento California, United States
In Sacramento, the temperature typically varies from 39°F to 94°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 31°F or above 102°F.
The hot season lasts for 3.7 months, from June 4 to September 26, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest day of the year is July 19, with an average high of 94°F and low of 61°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 22 to February 18, with an average daily high temperature below 62°F. The coldest day of the year is December 31, with an average low of 39°F and high of 53°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Sacramento varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 28 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 52 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:41 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 55 minutes later at 7:36 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:44 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 50 minutes later at 8:34 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Sacramento during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
In Sacramento, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Sacramento begins around May 16 and lasts for 5.3 months, ending around October 24. On July 29, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 92% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 8% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 24 and lasts for 6.7 months, ending around May 16. On January 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 56% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 44% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Sacramento varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.3 months, from November 2 to April 10, with a greater than 16% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 31% on February 20.
The drier season lasts 6.7 months, from April 10 to November 2. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on July 19.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 31% on February 20.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Sacramento experiences very significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.9 months, from September 29 to May 25, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around February 16, with an average total accumulation of 4.2 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from May 25 to September 29. The least rain falls around July 30, with and average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Sacramento, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Sacramento experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.2 months, from January 31 to September 5, with average wind speeds of more than 3.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 20, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.8 months, from September 5 to January 31. The calmest day of the year is October 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Sacramento varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 2.3 months, from January 30 to April 9 and for 5.0 months, from June 8 to November 9, with a peak percentage of 64% on August 12. The wind is most often from the west for 2.0 months, from April 9 to June 8, with a peak percentage of 45% on May 25. The wind is most often from the north for 2.7 months, from November 9 to January 30, with a peak percentage of 41% on January 3.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences very significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 8 to August 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 26, with an average of 8.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from November 2 to February 20, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 2.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Sacramento are 38.582 deg latitude, -121.494 deg longitude, and 20 ft elevation (map ).
The topography within 2 miles of Sacramento is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 33 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 24 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (135 feet). Within 50 miles contains extreme variations in elevation (4,760 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Sacramento is covered by artificial surfaces (86%) and herbaceous vegetation (10%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (48%) and cropland (42%), and within 50 miles by cropland (37%) and grassland (29%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Sacramento, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Sacramento.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Sacramento according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Sacramento is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Sacramento and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Sacramento Executive Airport (41%, 8 kilometers, south), Mc Clellan Airfield (22%, 13 kilometers, northeast), Sacramento International Airport (16%, 15 kilometers, northwest), Sacramento Mather Airport (14%, 17 kilometers, east), and University Airport (7%, 26 kilometers, west).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .