Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Nakhon Phanom Thailand
In Nakhon Phanom, the wet season is oppressive and overcast, the dry season is humid and partly cloudy, and it is hot year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 61°F to 94°F and is rarely below 54°F or above 100°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Nakhon Phanom for warm-weather activities is from mid November to late February.
Climate in Nakhon Phanom
Average Temperature in Nakhon Phanom
The hot season lasts for 1.9 months, from March 16 to May 13, with an average daily high temperature above 91°F. The hottest day of the year is April 15, with an average high of 94°F and low of 77°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.0 months, from November 30 to January 31, with an average daily high temperature below 84°F. The coldest day of the year is January 1, with an average low of 61°F and high of 82°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Nakhon Phanom
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Nakhon Phanom
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Javier Rojo Gómez, Mexico (9,818 miles away); Ladário, Brazil (11,288 miles); and Salima, Malawi (5,261 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Nakhon Phanom (view comparison).
In Nakhon Phanom, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Nakhon Phanom begins around October 20 and lasts for 5.9 months, ending around April 17. On February 1, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 66% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 34% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around April 17 and lasts for 6.1 months, ending around October 20. On June 17, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 95% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 5% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Nakhon Phanom
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Nakhon Phanom varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.1 months, from May 3 to October 5, with a greater than 39% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 75% on August 11.
The drier season lasts 6.9 months, from October 5 to May 3. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on December 20.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 75% on August 11.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Nakhon Phanom
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Nakhon Phanom experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.2 months, from February 11 to November 19, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 11, with an average total accumulation of 12.0 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from November 19 to February 11. The least rain falls around January 6, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Nakhon Phanom
The length of the day in Nakhon Phanom varies over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 5 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 10 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Nakhon Phanom
The earliest sunrise is at 5:25 AM on June 4, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 9 minutes later at 6:34 AM on January 19. The earliest sunset is at 5:24 PM on November 24, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 15 minutes later at 6:39 PM on July 6.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Nakhon Phanom during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Nakhon Phanom
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Nakhon Phanom
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Nakhon Phanom experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 9.7 months, from February 11 to December 2, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 35% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 1, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 4, with muggy conditions 14% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Nakhon Phanom
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Nakhon Phanom experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.9 months, from October 18 to April 14, with average wind speeds of more than 4.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 17, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.1 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.1 months, from April 14 to October 18. The calmest day of the year is September 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Nakhon Phanom
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Nakhon Phanom varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 3.0 months, from April 30 to July 30 and for 4.0 weeks, from August 11 to September 8, with a peak percentage of 53% on June 9. The wind is most often from the west for 1.7 weeks, from July 30 to August 11, with a peak percentage of 47% on August 1. The wind is most often from the east for 7.7 months, from September 8 to April 30, with a peak percentage of 83% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Nakhon Phanom
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Nakhon Phanom throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Nakhon Phanom for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid November to late February, with a peak score in the second week of January.
Tourism Score in Nakhon Phanom
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Nakhon Phanom for hot-weather activities are from early February to early April and from mid October to late November, with a peak score in the first week of March.
Beach/Pool Score in Nakhon Phanom
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Nakhon Phanom are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Nakhon Phanom
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days in Nakhon Phanom
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from February 11 to April 28, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is March 19, with an average of 6.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from June 6 to September 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is August 24, with an average of 4.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Nakhon Phanom
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Nakhon Phanom are 17.411 deg latitude, 104.779 deg longitude, and 505 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Nakhon Phanom contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 118 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 480 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,201 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (5,164 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Nakhon Phanom is covered by cropland (52%) and artificial surfaces (31%), within 10 miles by cropland (51%) and trees (29%), and within 50 miles by trees (52%) and cropland (33%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Nakhon Phanom, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Nakhon Phanom.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Nakhon Phanom according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Nakhon Phanom is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Nakhon Phanom and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Nakhon Phanom (VTUP, 100%, 0.8 kilometers, northeast); Sakon Nakhon (VTUS, 0.2%, 75 kilometers, southwest); and Savannakhet Airport (VLSK, 0.1%, 95 kilometers, south).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.