Average Weather in Elk Grove California, United States
In Elk Grove, the summers are hot, arid, and mostly clear and the winters are short, cold, wet, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 39°F to 93°F and is rarely below 30°F or above 102°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Elk Grove for warm-weather activities is from mid June to late September.
The hot season lasts for 3.7 months, from June 5 to September 26, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest day of the year is July 19, with an average high of 93°F and low of 59°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.8 months, from November 22 to February 17, with an average daily high temperature below 61°F. The coldest day of the year is December 31, with an average low of 39°F and high of 53°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
Valverde de Leganés, Spain (5,686 miles away); Wundowie, Australia (9,202 miles); and Berrigan, Australia (7,828 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Elk Grove (view comparison).
In Elk Grove, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Elk Grove begins around May 16 and lasts for 5.2 months, ending around October 24. On July 29, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 91% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 9% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 24 and lasts for 6.8 months, ending around May 16. On February 4, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 56% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 44% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Elk Grove varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.2 months, from November 4 to April 10, with a greater than 15% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 30% on February 20.
The drier season lasts 6.8 months, from April 10 to November 4. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on July 19.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 30% on February 20.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Elk Grove experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.8 months, from September 30 to May 23, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around February 16, with an average total accumulation of 3.9 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from May 23 to September 30. The least rain falls around July 31, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Elk Grove varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 29 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 51 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:41 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 53 minutes later at 7:34 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 4:44 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 49 minutes later at 8:33 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Elk Grove during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
The perceived humidity level in Elk Grove, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed in Elk Grove experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from April 11 to September 5, with average wind speeds of more than 6.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 20, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.2 months, from September 5 to April 11. The calmest day of the year is October 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Elk Grove varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 2.5 months, from January 6 to March 22; for 1.2 months, from October 31 to December 7; and for 1.7 weeks, from December 13 to December 25, with a peak percentage of 41% on March 2. The wind is most often from the west for 7.3 months, from March 22 to October 31, with a peak percentage of 57% on July 13. The wind is most often from the north for 6.0 days, from December 7 to December 13 and for 1.7 weeks, from December 25 to January 6, with a peak percentage of 34% on December 10.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Elk Grove throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Elk Grove for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to late September, with a peak score in the first week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Elk Grove for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Elk Grove typically lasts for 10 months (317 days), from around January 27 to around December 11, rarely starting after February 28, or ending before November 18.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Elk Grove should appear around February 16, only rarely appearing before February 5 or after February 28.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 8 to August 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 26, with an average of 8.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from November 3 to February 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 2.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Elk Grove are 38.409 deg latitude, -121.372 deg longitude, and 43 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Elk Grove is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 52 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 43 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (177 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (4,760 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Elk Grove is covered by artificial surfaces (57%), cropland (31%), and grassland (10%), within 10 miles by cropland (55%) and grassland (21%), and within 50 miles by cropland (37%) and grassland (31%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Elk Grove, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Elk Grove.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Elk Grove according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Elk Grove is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Elk Grove and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Sacramento Executive Airport (53%, 15 kilometers, northwest); Sacramento Mather Airport (40%, 19 kilometers, north); and Stockton Metropolitan Airport (7%, 59 kilometers, south).
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .