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Average Weather in Afzalgarh India

In Afzalgarh, the wet season is hot, oppressive, and partly cloudy and the dry season is warm and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 52°F to 101°F and is rarely below 47°F or above 107°F.

The hot season lasts for 2.8 months, from April 13 to July 6, with an average daily high temperature above 94°F. The hottest day of the year is May 29, with an average high of 101°F and low of 81°F.

The cool season lasts for 2.3 months, from December 7 to February 16, with an average daily high temperature below 74°F. The coldest day of the year is January 9, with an average low of 52°F and high of 67°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in AfzalgarhJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMswelteringhotcoldcoolwarmcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Afzalgarh, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Afzalgarh begins around September 4 and lasts for 10 months, ending around July 6. On October 14, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 95% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 5% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around July 6 and lasts for 1.9 months, ending around September 4. On August 1, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 59% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 41% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in AfzalgarhclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Oct 1495%Oct 1495%Aug 141%Aug 141%Sep 468%Sep 468%Jul 668%Jul 668%clearovercastmostly clearmostly cloudypartly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Afzalgarh varies very significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 3.0 months, from June 18 to September 17, with a greater than 38% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 71% on July 22.

The drier season lasts 9.0 months, from September 17 to June 18. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on November 9.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 71% on July 22.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in AfzalgarhwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 2271%Jul 2271%Nov 92%Nov 92%Jan 18%Jan 18%Jun 1838%Jun 1838%Sep 1738%Sep 1738%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Afzalgarh experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.9 months, from December 28 to October 24, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 30, with an average total accumulation of 11.0 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from October 24 to December 28. The least rain falls around November 17, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Afzalgarh varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 16 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 2 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in AfzalgarhJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2014 hr, 2 minJun 2114 hr, 2 minJun 2112 hr, 8 minSep 2312 hr, 8 minSep 2310 hr, 16 minDec 2110 hr, 16 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:15 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 56 minutes later at 7:11 AM on January 11. The earliest sunset is at 5:16 PM on December 1, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 3 minutes later at 7:19 PM on June 30.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Afzalgarh during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in AfzalgarhJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 115:15 AMJun 115:15 AM7:19 PMJun 307:19 PMJun 30Dec 15:16 PMDec 15:16 PM7:11 AMJan 117:11 AMJan 11daynightnightnightnight
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Afzalgarh experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 23 to October 22, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 25% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 20, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is December 31, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in AfzalgarhmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 310%Dec 310%100%Aug 20100%Aug 20May 2325%May 2325%Oct 2226%Oct 2226%humidhumiddrydrymiserablemiserablecomfortablecomfortablemuggymuggyoppressiveoppressive
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Afzalgarh experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from February 5 to July 1, with average wind speeds of more than 3.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 19, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.2 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.1 months, from July 1 to February 5. The calmest day of the year is September 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.5 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Afzalgarh varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 4.2 months, from March 2 to July 9 and for 2.2 months, from August 28 to November 5, with a peak percentage of 50% on May 29. The wind is most often from the east for 3.6 weeks, from August 3 to August 28, with a peak percentage of 33% on August 3. The wind is most often from the north for 3.9 months, from November 5 to March 2, with a peak percentage of 38% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in AfzalgarhNWSEWNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%southeastwestnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from April 9 to June 29, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 29, with an average of 7.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from November 11 to February 5, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 26, with an average of 3.6 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in AfzalgarhbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhMay 297.7 kWhMay 297.7 kWhDec 263.6 kWhDec 263.6 kWhApr 96.9 kWhApr 96.9 kWhFeb 54.4 kWhFeb 54.4 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Afzalgarh are 29.394 deg latitude, 78.674 deg longitude, and 758 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Afzalgarh is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 79 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 758 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (1,503 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (8,182 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Afzalgarh is covered by cropland (100%), within 10 miles by cropland (89%), and within 50 miles by cropland (74%) and trees (13%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Afzalgarh, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Afzalgarh.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Afzalgarh according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Afzalgarh is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Afzalgarh and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Bareilly (59%, 132 kilometers, southeast) and Safdarjung Airport (41%, 169 kilometers, southwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.