Average Weather in Mumbai India
In Mumbai, the wet season is oppressive, windy, and overcast; the dry season is muggy and mostly clear; and it is hot year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 66°F to 92°F and is rarely below 60°F or above 97°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Mumbai, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Mumbai begins around October 12 and lasts for 7.4 months, ending around May 25. On February 18, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 85% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 15% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around May 25 and lasts for 4.6 months, ending around October 12. On July 29, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 84% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 16% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Mumbai varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.0 months, from June 5 to October 4, with a greater than 39% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 77% on July 30.
The drier season lasts 8.0 months, from October 4 to June 5. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on March 17.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 77% on July 30.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Mumbai experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from May 7 to November 10, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 16, with an average total accumulation of 23.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.9 months, from November 10 to May 7. The least rain falls around March 31, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Mumbai varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 59 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 17 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:00 AM on June 5, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 15 minutes later at 7:14 AM on January 18. The earliest sunset is at 5:59 PM on November 25, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 21 minutes later at 7:20 PM on July 5.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Mumbai during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Mumbai experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 9.0 months, from March 1 to December 2, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 34% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 14, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 22, with muggy conditions 12% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Mumbai experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from May 31 to August 31, with average wind speeds of more than 5.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.8 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 9.0 months, from August 31 to May 31. The calmest day of the year is October 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Mumbai varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 6.5 months, from March 22 to October 5, with a peak percentage of 96% on August 5. The wind is most often from the north for 2.3 weeks, from October 5 to October 21 and for 3.2 months, from December 17 to March 22, with a peak percentage of 40% on October 14. The wind is most often from the east for 1.9 months, from October 21 to December 17, with a peak percentage of 51% on November 7.
Mumbai is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.0 months, from April 30 to June 29, with an average temperature above 84°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is June 1, with an average temperature of 86°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 2.4 months, from December 26 to March 7, with an average temperature below 79°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is January 29, with an average temperature of 77°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from March 6 to May 20, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 10, with an average of 7.1 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from June 14 to August 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is July 24, with an average of 4.8 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Mumbai are 19.073 deg latitude, 72.883 deg longitude, and 30 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Mumbai contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 223 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 29 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,473 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,124 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Mumbai is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (54%) and water (41%), and within 50 miles by water (52%) and cropland (28%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Mumbai, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Mumbai.
At a distance of 2 kilometers from Mumbai, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Mumbai according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.