Average Weather in Multān Pakistan
In Multān, the summers are sweltering, muggy, and clear; the winters are short, cool, and mostly clear; and it is dry year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 43°F to 107°F and is rarely below 38°F or above 113°F.
The hot season lasts for 3.5 months, from April 24 to August 9, with an average daily high temperature above 99°F. The hottest day of the year is May 31, with an average high of 107°F and low of 83°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.7 months, from December 3 to February 23, with an average daily high temperature below 75°F. The coldest day of the year is January 9, with an average low of 43°F and high of 67°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Multān, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Multān begins around August 19 and lasts for 3.1 months, ending around November 23. On September 28, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 98% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 2% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 23 and lasts for 8.9 months, ending around August 19. On March 17, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 29% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 71% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Multān varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.6 months, from February 27 to September 15, with a greater than 9% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 16% on July 14.
The drier season lasts 5.4 months, from September 15 to February 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on November 5.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 16% on July 14.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Multān experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.2 months, from February 20 to September 26, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 25, with an average total accumulation of 1.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from September 26 to February 20. The least rain falls around November 6, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Multān varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 12 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 6 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:11 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 60 minutes later at 7:11 AM on January 9. The earliest sunset is at 5:13 PM on December 2, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 6 minutes later at 7:19 PM on June 30.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Multān during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Multān experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from May 28 to October 10, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 24% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 3, with muggy conditions 98% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 18, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Multān experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 20 to September 9, with average wind speeds of more than 3.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is June 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.4 months, from September 9 to May 20. The calmest day of the year is October 19, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Multān varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 5.1 months, from May 12 to October 14, with a peak percentage of 70% on July 7. The wind is most often from the north for 6.9 months, from October 14 to May 12, with a peak percentage of 49% on January 1.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from April 17 to July 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 26, with an average of 7.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from November 8 to February 5, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 3.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Multān are 30.197 deg latitude, 71.478 deg longitude, and 407 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Multān contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 121 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 410 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (167 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (272 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Multān is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by cropland (71%) and artificial surfaces (20%), and within 50 miles by cropland (82%) and bare soil (14%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Multān, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Multān.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Multān according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Multān is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Multān and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.