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Average Weather in Aqköl Kazakhstan

In Aqköl, the summers are long, comfortable, and partly cloudy; the winters are long, frigid, windy, and overcast; and it is dry year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -7°F to 78°F and is rarely below -26°F or above 90°F.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 16 to September 12, with an average daily high temperature above 65°F. The hottest day of the year is July 2, with an average high of 78°F and low of 56°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 20 to March 14, with an average daily high temperature below 23°F. The coldest day of the year is February 7, with an average low of -7°F and high of 10°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in AqkölJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcomfortablecoldcoolfrigidwarmvery coldfreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Aqköl, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Aqköl begins around April 1 and lasts for 6.5 months, ending around October 19. On August 2, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 68% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 19 and lasts for 5.4 months, ending around April 1. On January 2, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 84% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 16% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in AqkölclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 268%Aug 268%Jan 216%Jan 216%Apr 141%Apr 141%Oct 1942%Oct 1942%mostly cloudyclearovercastmostly clearpartly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Aqköl varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 3.9 months, from April 23 to August 19, with a greater than 15% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 24% on July 9.

The drier season lasts 8.1 months, from August 19 to April 23. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on January 31.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Aqköl changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 7.3 months, from March 29 to November 5. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 24% on July 9.

Snow alone is the most common for 4.7 months, from November 5 to March 29. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 9% on November 23.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in AqkölsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 924%Jul 924%Jan 315%Jan 315%Mar 299%Mar 299%Nov 513%Nov 513%Jan 18%Jan 18%Aug 1915%Aug 1915%rainsnowmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Aqköl experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.9 months, from April 19 to October 16, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 15, with an average total accumulation of 1.4 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from October 16 to April 19. The least rain falls around February 1, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Aqköl experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.6 months, from October 13 to May 2, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around November 30, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.4 months, from May 2 to October 13. The least snow falls around July 19, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in AqkölsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.2 in0.4 in0.6 in0.8 in1.0 in1.2 in1.4 inNov 300.3 inNov 300.3 inJul 190.0 inJul 190.0 inMar 170.2 inMar 170.2 inOct 130.1 inOct 130.1 inMay 20.1 inMay 20.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Aqköl varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 7 hours, 45 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 44 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:55 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 4 hours, 29 minutes later at 9:24 AM on December 30. The earliest sunset is at 5:04 PM on December 13, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 36 minutes later at 9:40 PM on June 25.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Aqköl during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in AqkölJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 174:55 AMJun 174:55 AM9:40 PMJun 259:40 PMJun 25Dec 135:04 PMDec 135:04 PM9:24 AMDec 309:24 AMDec 30daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Aqköl, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in AqkölJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 130%Nov 130%Jul 192%Jul 192%drydrycomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Aqköl experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from October 15 to May 11, with average wind speeds of more than 11.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 13.2 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.1 months, from May 11 to October 15. The calmest day of the year is August 2, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.8 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in AqkölwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mph22 mphFeb 1513.2 mphFeb 1513.2 mphAug 28.8 mphAug 28.8 mphOct 1511.0 mphOct 1511.0 mphMay 1111.0 mphMay 1111.0 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Aqköl varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 2.0 months, from June 13 to August 12, with a peak percentage of 40% on July 13. The wind is most often from the west for 10 months, from August 12 to June 13, with a peak percentage of 45% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in AqkölWNWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%southnortheastwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from May 1 to August 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 25, with an average of 6.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from October 23 to February 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 0.7 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Aqköl are 51.994 deg latitude, 70.947 deg longitude, and 1,247 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Aqköl contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 190 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,256 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (456 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (853 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Aqköl is covered by cropland (31%), grassland (21%), trees (18%), and shrubs (16%), within 10 miles by cropland (49%) and grassland (17%), and within 50 miles by cropland (47%) and grassland (18%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Aqköl, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Astana International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Aqköl.

At a distance of 114 kilometers from Aqköl, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Aqköl according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.