Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Gōshtah Afghanistan
In Gōshtah, the summers are long, sweltering, dry, and clear and the winters are cold and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 35°F to 101°F and is rarely below 28°F or above 107°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Gōshtah for hot-weather activities is from mid May to late September.
Climate in Gōshtah
Average Temperature in Gōshtah
The hot season lasts for 4.1 months, from May 15 to September 18, with an average daily high temperature above 91°F. The hottest day of the year is July 4, with an average high of 101°F and low of 80°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.0 months, from December 5 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 62°F. The coldest day of the year is January 21, with an average low of 35°F and high of 53°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Gōshtah
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Gōshtah
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Gōshtah, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Gōshtah begins around May 9 and lasts for 6.3 months, ending around November 18. On September 10, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 99% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 1% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 18 and lasts for 5.7 months, ending around May 9. On March 17, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 42% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 58% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Gōshtah
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Gōshtah varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.9 months, from January 27 to August 24, with a greater than 16% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 26% on March 26.
The drier season lasts 5.1 months, from August 24 to January 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on November 23.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 26% on March 26.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Gōshtah
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Gōshtah experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Gōshtah. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 23, with an average total accumulation of 2.5 inches.
The least rain falls around December 7, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Gōshtah
The length of the day in Gōshtah varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 51 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 27 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Gōshtah
The earliest sunrise is at 4:34 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 20 minutes later at 6:53 AM on January 7. The earliest sunset is at 4:36 PM on December 4, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 27 minutes later at 7:03 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Gōshtah during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Gōshtah
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Gōshtah
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Gōshtah, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Gōshtah
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Gōshtah experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from April 24 to July 4, with average wind speeds of more than 4.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is May 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.5 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 9.7 months, from July 4 to April 24. The calmest day of the year is January 7, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Gōshtah
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Gōshtah varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 2.8 months, from June 26 to September 21, with a peak percentage of 51% on August 2. The wind is most often from the west for 9.2 months, from September 21 to June 26, with a peak percentage of 49% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Gōshtah
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Gōshtah throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Gōshtah for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid September to late October, with a peak score in the first week of October.
Tourism Score in Gōshtah
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Gōshtah for hot-weather activities is from mid May to late September, with a peak score in the first week of September.
Beach/Pool Score in Gōshtah
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Gōshtah typically lasts for 11 months (319 days), from around February 9 to around December 26, rarely starting after March 2, or ending before December 5.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Gōshtah
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Gōshtah should appear around February 25, only rarely appearing before February 10 or after March 16.
Growing Degree Days in Gōshtah
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from May 3 to August 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 16, with an average of 8.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from November 8 to February 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 3.0 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Gōshtah
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Gōshtah are 34.358 deg latitude, 70.763 deg longitude, and 1,585 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Gōshtah contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 988 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,631 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,904 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (13,917 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Gōshtah is covered by cropland (45%), water (16%), bare soil (15%), and herbaceous vegetation (15%), within 10 miles by bare soil (51%) and cropland (27%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (31%) and grassland (23%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Gōshtah, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Surobi, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Gōshtah.
At a distance of 100 kilometers from Gōshtah, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Gōshtah according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.