Average Weather in Akkol’ Kazakhstan
In Akkol’, the summers are long, comfortable, and partly cloudy and the winters are long, frigid, dry, windy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -3°F to 79°F and is rarely below -20°F or above 90°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Akkol’ for warm-weather activities is from mid June to mid August.
The warm season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 15 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature above 66°F. The hottest day of the year is July 2, with an average high of 79°F and low of 58°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 20 to March 11, with an average daily high temperature below 25°F. The coldest day of the year is February 6, with an average low of -3°F and high of 12°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Akkol’, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Akkol’ begins around April 5 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around October 5. On July 31, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 64% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 36% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 5 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around April 5. On January 2, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 78% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 22% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Akkol’ varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.0 months, from April 25 to August 24, with a greater than 15% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 27% on July 8.
The drier season lasts 8.0 months, from August 24 to April 25. The smallest chance of a wet day is 3% on February 19.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Akkol’ changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 7.6 months, from March 24 to November 11. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 27% on July 8.
Snow alone is the most common for 4.4 months, from November 11 to March 24. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 7% on December 27.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Akkol’ experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from April 14 to October 15, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 13, with an average total accumulation of 1.7 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from October 15 to April 14. The least rain falls around February 1, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Akkol’ experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.6 months, from October 18 to April 5, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around November 30, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.4 months, from April 5 to October 18. The least snow falls around July 20, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Akkol’ varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 7 hours, 30 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 60 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 4:53 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 4 hours, 44 minutes later at 9:36 AM on December 30. The earliest sunset is at 5:02 PM on December 13, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 51 minutes later at 9:53 PM on June 25.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Akkol’ during 2018.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Akkol’, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Akkol’ experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from October 10 to May 12, with average wind speeds of more than 11.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 16, with an average hourly wind speed of 14.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 12 to October 10. The calmest day of the year is August 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Akkol’ varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 1.7 months, from June 18 to August 8, with a peak percentage of 41% on July 21. The wind is most often from the west for 10 months, from August 8 to June 18, with a peak percentage of 49% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Akkol’ throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Akkol’ for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Akkol’ for hot-weather activities is from mid June to early August, with a peak score in the first week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Akkol’ typically lasts for 4.7 months (144 days), from around May 6 to around September 27, rarely starting before April 17 or after May 25, and rarely ending before September 10 or after October 16.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Akkol’ should appear around May 4, only rarely appearing before April 25 or after May 14.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 2 to August 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 21, with an average of 6.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from October 21 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 0.7 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Akkol’ are 53.296 deg latitude, 69.600 deg longitude, and 856 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Akkol’ contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 141 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 850 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (548 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (2,690 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Akkol’ is covered by cropland (58%), grassland (17%), trees (13%), and shrubs (13%), within 10 miles by cropland (55%) and grassland (15%), and within 50 miles by cropland (54%) and trees (17%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Akkol’, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Petropavlosk South Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Akkol’.
At a distance of 173 kilometers from Akkol’, further than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed insufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records. Consequently, the station records are blended with interpolated values from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis , and both are corrected for elevation differences according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
The weight assigned to the MERRA-2 value depends on the distance from Akkol’ to the nearest station, increasing from 0% at 150 kilometers to 100% at 200 kilometers. In this case, the MERRA-2 weight is 32%, making the weight assigned to the weather station 68%.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.