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Average Weather in Shymkent Kazakhstan

In Shymkent, the summers are hot, dry, and clear and the winters are very cold and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 23°F to 92°F and is rarely below 8°F or above 100°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Shymkent for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec96%96%39%39%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.8 inprecipitation: 1.8 in0.1 in0.1 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 7.9beach/pool score: 7.90.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.5 months, from May 30 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 81°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 92°F and low of 65°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 23 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 49°F. The coldest day of the year is January 13, with an average low of 23°F and high of 38°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in ShymkentJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotfreezingwarmfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Grand Junction, Colorado, United States (6,821 miles away) and Kearney, Missouri, United States (6,713 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Shymkent (view comparison).

Clouds

In Shymkent, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Shymkent begins around May 18 and lasts for 4.9 months, ending around October 15. On August 5, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 96% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 4% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 15 and lasts for 7.1 months, ending around May 18. On January 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 61% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 39% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in ShymkentclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 596%Aug 596%Jan 1539%Jan 1539%May 1867%May 1867%Oct 1567%Oct 1567%clearovercastmostly cloudymostly clear
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Shymkent varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 7.5 months, from October 17 to June 2, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 26% on March 23.

The drier season lasts 4.5 months, from June 2 to October 17. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on August 26.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 24% on April 6.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in ShymkentwetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 2326%Mar 2326%Aug 262%Aug 262%Jan 124%Jan 124%Oct 1714%Oct 1714%Jun 214%Jun 214%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Shymkent experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.7 months, from September 26 to June 16, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around April 3, with an average total accumulation of 1.7 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from June 16 to September 26. The least rain falls around August 17, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Shymkent experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from October 26 to March 29, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 26, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.6 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from March 29 to October 26. The least snow falls around July 10, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in ShymkentsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 inJan 260.6 inJan 260.6 inJul 100.0 inJul 100.0 inOct 260.1 inOct 260.1 inMar 290.1 inMar 290.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Shymkent varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2019, the shortest day is December 22, with 9 hours, 5 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 17 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in ShymkentJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2112 hr, 7 minMar 2115 hr, 17 minJun 2115 hr, 17 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2312 hr, 9 minSep 239 hr, 5 minDec 229 hr, 5 minDec 22nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:44 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 6 minutes later at 8:50 AM on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:49 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 13 minutes later at 9:02 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Shymkent during 2019.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in ShymkentJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 155:44 AMJun 155:44 AM9:02 PMJun 279:02 PMJun 27Dec 95:49 PMDec 95:49 PM8:50 AMJan 48:50 AMJan 4daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2019. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Shymkent, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in ShymkentJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 40%Nov 40%Jun 170%Jun 170%drydryhumidhumid
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Shymkent experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from June 8 to September 20, with average wind speeds of more than 6.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.8 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.6 months, from September 20 to June 8. The calmest day of the year is December 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.5 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Shymkent varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 2.1 months, from April 9 to June 13 and for 3.9 weeks, from August 26 to September 22, with a peak percentage of 34% on August 26. The wind is most often from the north for 2.4 months, from June 13 to August 26, with a peak percentage of 43% on July 29. The wind is most often from the south for 5.9 months, from October 13 to April 9, with a peak percentage of 52% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in ShymkentSENEWSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Shymkent throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Shymkent for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to mid September, with a peak score in the last week of August.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Shymkentbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.08.00.10.17.77.7 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Shymkent for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Shymkentbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.97.90.00.0precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Shymkent typically lasts for 6.8 months (208 days), from around March 29 to around October 23, rarely starting before March 7 or after April 27, and rarely ending before October 2 or after November 16.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Shymkentgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2950%Mar 2950%Oct 2350%Oct 2390%Apr 2790%Apr 2790%Oct 290%Oct 210%Mar 710%Mar 710%Nov 1610%Nov 160%Jan 220%Jan 22Jul 22100%Jul 22100%freezingvery coldcomfortablewarmhotcoolcoldfrigid
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Shymkent should appear around March 31, only rarely appearing before March 18 or after April 12.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in ShymkentJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°F3,500°F4,000°FMar 3187°FMar 3187°FJun 3900°FJun 3900°FJul 91,800°FJul 91,800°FDec 314,043°FDec 314,043°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from May 13 to August 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 28, with an average of 8.3 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 30 to February 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 25, with an average of 1.7 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in ShymkentbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJun 288.3 kWhJun 288.3 kWhDec 251.7 kWhDec 251.7 kWhMay 137.0 kWhMay 137.0 kWhAug 257.0 kWhAug 257.0 kWhOct 303.0 kWhOct 303.0 kWhFeb 183.0 kWhFeb 183.0 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Shymkent are 42.300 deg latitude, 69.600 deg longitude, and 1,749 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Shymkent contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 289 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,709 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,276 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (13,123 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Shymkent is covered by artificial surfaces (89%), within 10 miles by sparse vegetation (40%) and cropland (26%), and within 50 miles by sparse vegetation (48%) and cropland (17%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Shymkent, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Shymkent.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Shymkent according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Shymkent is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Shymkent and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Shymkent Airport (92%, 12 kilometers, northwest); Tashkent International Airport (4.7%, 119 kilometers, south); and Taraz Airport (3.3%, 153 kilometers, northeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.