Average Weather in Moskva Tajikistan
In Moskva, the summers are sweltering, arid, and clear and the winters are cold, dry, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 34°F to 99°F and is rarely below 24°F or above 105°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Moskva for hot-weather activities is from early June to early September.
The hot season lasts for 3.6 months, from May 28 to September 15, with an average daily high temperature above 90°F. The hottest day of the year is July 14, with an average high of 99°F and low of 72°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.4 months, from November 25 to March 5, with an average daily high temperature below 61°F. The coldest day of the year is January 11, with an average low of 34°F and high of 51°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Meadview, Arizona, United States (7,350 miles away); Electra, Texas, United States (7,437 miles); and Arkadelphia, Arkansas, United States (7,362 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Moskva (view comparison).
In Moskva, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Moskva begins around May 14 and lasts for 5.3 months, ending around October 24. On August 14, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 99% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 1% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 24 and lasts for 6.7 months, ending around May 14. On March 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 64% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 36% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Moskva varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.9 months, from December 10 to May 8, with a greater than 13% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 26% on March 18.
The drier season lasts 7.1 months, from May 8 to December 10. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on August 22.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 25% on March 23.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Moskva experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from November 20 to May 18, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 18, with an average total accumulation of 1.6 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from May 18 to November 20. The least rain falls around August 26, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Moskva does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Moskva varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2020, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 34 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 46 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 4:59 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 38 minutes later at 7:36 AM on January 6. The earliest sunset is at 5:02 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 45 minutes later at 7:47 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Moskva during 2020.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Moskva, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Moskva experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.6 months, from May 6 to September 26, with average wind speeds of more than 5.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.4 months, from September 26 to May 6. The calmest day of the year is December 9, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Moskva varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 5.9 months, from April 22 to October 20, with a peak percentage of 50% on July 16. The wind is most often from the east for 6.1 months, from October 20 to April 22, with a peak percentage of 50% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Moskva throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Moskva for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid May to early June and from late August to early October, with a peak score in the third week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Moskva for hot-weather activities is from early June to early September, with a peak score in the first week of August.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Moskva typically lasts for 8.8 months (269 days), from around March 6 to around November 30, rarely starting before February 12 or after March 29, and rarely ending before November 6 or after December 30.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Moskva should appear around February 17, only rarely appearing before February 1 or after March 9.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 14 to August 28, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 8.5 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from November 3 to February 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 14, with an average of 2.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Moskva are 37.661 deg latitude, 69.628 deg longitude, and 1,588 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Moskva contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 115 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,580 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (3,255 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (13,225 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Moskva is covered by cropland (83%), within 10 miles by cropland (63%), and within 50 miles by cropland (50%) and grassland (34%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Moskva, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Dushanbe International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Moskva.
At a distance of 121 kilometers from Moskva, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Moskva according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.