Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Ḏanḏar Afghanistan
In Ḏanḏar, the summers are hot, dry, and clear and the winters are very cold, snowy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 22°F to 89°F and is rarely below 12°F or above 95°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Ḏanḏar for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid August.
Climate in Ḏanḏar
Average Temperature in Ḏanḏar
The hot season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 25 to September 20, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest day of the year is July 18, with an average high of 89°F and low of 64°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from December 5 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 50°F. The coldest day of the year is January 16, with an average low of 22°F and high of 40°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Ḏanḏar
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Ḏanḏar
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Ḏanḏar, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Ḏanḏar begins around May 12 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around November 12. On August 30, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 12 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around May 12. On March 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 44% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 56% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Ḏanḏar
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Ḏanḏar varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.0 months, from February 3 to May 4, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 22% on March 27.
The drier season lasts 9.0 months, from May 4 to February 3. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on December 1.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Ḏanḏar changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 10 months, from February 10 to December 14. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 21% on March 31.
Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 1.1 months, from January 28 to February 10 and from December 14 to January 4. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 6% on February 19.
Snow alone is the most common for 3.4 weeks, from January 4 to January 28. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 5% on January 30.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Ḏanḏar
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ḏanḏar experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.1 months, from February 5 to November 10, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 31, with an average total accumulation of 1.8 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from November 10 to February 5. The least rain falls around January 1, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Ḏanḏar
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ḏanḏar experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from November 24 to March 25, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 5, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.7 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 8.0 months, from March 25 to November 24. The least snow falls around August 9, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Ḏanḏar
The length of the day in Ḏanḏar varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 49 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 30 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Ḏanḏar
The earliest sunrise is at 4:38 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 22 minutes later at 7:00 AM on January 7. The earliest sunset is at 4:40 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 29 minutes later at 7:09 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Ḏanḏar during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Ḏanḏar
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Ḏanḏar
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Ḏanḏar, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Ḏanḏar
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Ḏanḏar experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from May 3 to September 16, with average wind speeds of more than 6.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is June 17, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.2 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.6 months, from September 16 to May 3. The calmest day of the year is November 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Ḏanḏar
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Ḏanḏar varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 9.6 months, from February 24 to December 12, with a peak percentage of 87% on July 13. The wind is most often from the east for 2.4 months, from December 12 to February 24, with a peak percentage of 33% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Ḏanḏar
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Ḏanḏar throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Ḏanḏar for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the last week of August.
Tourism Score in Ḏanḏar
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Ḏanḏar for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
Beach/Pool Score in Ḏanḏar
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Ḏanḏar typically lasts for 7.4 months (225 days), from around March 27 to around November 7, rarely starting before March 6 or after April 19, and rarely ending before October 20 or after November 26.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Ḏanḏar
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Ḏanḏar should appear around April 6, only rarely appearing before March 25 or after April 18.
Growing Degree Days in Ḏanḏar
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 10 to August 28, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 8.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from November 7 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 3.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Ḏanḏar
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ḏanḏar are 34.791 deg latitude, 69.475 deg longitude, and 5,656 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Ḏanḏar contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,605 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 6,088 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,506 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (14,701 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Ḏanḏar is covered by grassland (58%), bare soil (30%), and cropland (11%), within 10 miles by grassland (71%) and bare soil (21%), and within 50 miles by grassland (66%) and cropland (12%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Ḏanḏar, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Ḏanḏar.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Ḏanḏar according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Ḏanḏar is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Ḏanḏar and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Surobi (KQD2, 23%, 29 kilometers, southeast) and Kabul International Airport (OAKB, 77%, 35 kilometers, southwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.