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Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Ḏanḏar Afghanistan

In Ḏanḏar, the summers are hot, dry, and clear and the winters are very cold, snowy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 22°F to 89°F and is rarely below 12°F or above 95°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Ḏanḏar for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid August.

Climate in Ḏanḏar

very coldcoldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow100%100%56%56%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.8 inprecipitation: 1.8 in0.4 in0.4 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.5beach/pool score: 8.50.00.0
Ḏanḏar weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

Average Temperature in Ḏanḏar

The hot season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 25 to September 20, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest day of the year is July 18, with an average high of 89°F and low of 64°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from December 5 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 50°F. The coldest day of the year is January 16, with an average low of 22°F and high of 40°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in Ḏanḏar

Average High and Low Temperature in ḎanḏarhotcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FJan 1640°FJan 1640°FJul 1889°FJul 1889°F22°F22°F64°F64°FMay 2579°FMay 2579°FSep 2079°FSep 2079°FDec 550°FDec 550°FMar 650°FMar 650°F54°F54°F53°F53°F29°F29°F31°F31°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in Ḏanḏar

Average Hourly Temperature in ḎanḏarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfreezingfreezingfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Frederick, Maryland, United States (6,899 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Ḏanḏar (view comparison).

Compare Ḏanḏar to another city:

Clouds

In Ḏanḏar, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Ḏanḏar begins around May 12 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around November 12. On August 30, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 12 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around May 12. On March 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 44% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 56% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories in Ḏanḏar

Cloud Cover Categories in ḎanḏarclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 30100%Aug 30100%Mar 556%Mar 556%May 1277%May 1277%Nov 1278%Nov 1278%NowNowclearovercastpartly cloudymostly clear
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Ḏanḏar varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 3.0 months, from February 3 to May 4, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 22% on March 27.

The drier season lasts 9.0 months, from May 4 to February 3. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on December 1.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Ḏanḏar changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 10 months, from February 10 to December 14. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 21% on March 31.

Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 1.1 months, from January 28 to February 10 and from December 14 to January 4. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 6% on February 19.

Snow alone is the most common for 3.4 weeks, from January 4 to January 28. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 5% on January 30.

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Ḏanḏar

Daily Chance of Precipitation in ḎanḏarrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Mar 2722%Mar 2722%Dec 15%Dec 15%Jan 48%Jan 48%Feb 1015%Feb 1015%May 414%May 414%NowNowrainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ḏanḏar experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.1 months, from February 5 to November 10, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 31, with an average total accumulation of 1.8 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from November 10 to February 5. The least rain falls around January 1, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in Ḏanḏar

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ḏanḏar experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from November 24 to March 25, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 5, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.7 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 8.0 months, from March 25 to November 24. The least snow falls around August 9, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Ḏanḏar

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in ḎanḏarsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 inFeb 50.7 inFeb 50.7 inAug 90.0 inAug 90.0 inNov 240.1 inNov 240.1 inMar 250.1 inMar 250.1 inNowNow
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Ḏanḏar varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 49 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 30 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Ḏanḏar

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in ḎanḏarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 8 minMar 2012 hr, 8 minMar 2014 hr, 30 minJun 2114 hr, 30 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 49 minDec 219 hr, 49 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:38 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 22 minutes later at 7:00 AM on January 7. The earliest sunset is at 4:40 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 29 minutes later at 7:09 PM on June 29.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Ḏanḏar during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Ḏanḏar

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in ḎanḏarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 124:38 AMJun 124:38 AM7:09 PMJun 297:09 PMJun 29Dec 54:40 PMDec 54:40 PM7:00 AMJan 77:00 AMJan 7daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Ḏanḏar

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Ḏanḏar, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels in Ḏanḏar

Humidity Comfort Levels in ḎanḏarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Feb 20%Feb 20%Aug 40%Aug 40%NowNowdrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Ḏanḏar experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from May 3 to September 16, with average wind speeds of more than 6.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is June 17, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.2 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.6 months, from September 16 to May 3. The calmest day of the year is November 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.6 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in Ḏanḏar

Average Wind Speed in ḎanḏarwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mphJun 179.2 mphJun 179.2 mphNov 214.6 mphNov 214.6 mphMay 36.9 mphMay 36.9 mphSep 166.9 mphSep 166.9 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Ḏanḏar varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 9.6 months, from February 24 to December 12, with a peak percentage of 87% on July 13. The wind is most often from the east for 2.4 months, from December 12 to February 24, with a peak percentage of 33% on January 1.

Wind Direction in Ḏanḏar

Wind Direction in ḎanḏarENEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNoweastnorthsouthwest
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Ḏanḏar throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Ḏanḏar for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the last week of August.

Tourism Score in Ḏanḏar

Tourism Score in Ḏanḏarbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.98.90.00.08.88.8NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Ḏanḏar for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score in Ḏanḏar

Beach/Pool Score in Ḏanḏarbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.58.50.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudsclouds beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Ḏanḏar typically lasts for 7.4 months (225 days), from around March 27 to around November 7, rarely starting before March 6 or after April 19, and rarely ending before October 20 or after November 26.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Ḏanḏar

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Ḏanḏargrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2750%Mar 2750%Nov 750%Nov 790%Apr 1990%Apr 1990%Oct 2090%Oct 2010%Mar 610%Mar 610%Nov 2610%Nov 260%Dec 230%Dec 23Jul 26100%Jul 26100%NowNowfreezingvery coldcoolcomfortablewarmhotcoldfrigid
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Ḏanḏar should appear around April 6, only rarely appearing before March 25 or after April 18.

Growing Degree Days in Ḏanḏar

Growing Degree Days in ḎanḏarJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°F3,000°F3,000°F3,500°F3,500°F4,000°F4,000°FApr 688°FApr 688°FJun 6900°FJun 6900°FJul 121,800°FJul 121,800°FDec 313,956°FDec 313,956°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 10 to August 28, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 8.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from November 7 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 3.1 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Ḏanḏar

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in ḎanḏarbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWh10 kWh10 kWhJun 238.9 kWhJun 238.9 kWhDec 233.1 kWhDec 233.1 kWhMay 107.7 kWhMay 107.7 kWhAug 287.7 kWhAug 287.7 kWhFeb 164.2 kWhFeb 164.2 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ḏanḏar are 34.791 deg latitude, 69.475 deg longitude, and 5,656 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Ḏanḏar contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,605 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 6,088 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,506 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (14,701 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Ḏanḏar is covered by grassland (58%), bare soil (30%), and cropland (11%), within 10 miles by grassland (71%) and bare soil (21%), and within 50 miles by grassland (66%) and cropland (12%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Ḏanḏar, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Ḏanḏar.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Ḏanḏar according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Ḏanḏar is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Ḏanḏar and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Surobi (KQD2, 23%, 29 kilometers, southeast) and Kabul International Airport (OAKB, 77%, 35 kilometers, southwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.