Average Weather in Kabul Afghanistan
In Kabul, the temperature typically varies from 24°F to 93°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 14°F or above 98°F.
The hot season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 24 to September 21, with an average daily high temperature above 83°F. The hottest day of the year is July 17, with an average high of 93°F and low of 67°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.1 months, from December 4 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 53°F. The coldest day of the year is January 16, with an average low of 24°F and high of 43°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Kabul varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 51 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 28 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 4:40 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 21 minutes later at 7:00 AM on January 7. The earliest sunset is at 4:42 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 27 minutes later at 7:10 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Kabul during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
In Kabul, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Kabul begins around May 12 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around November 11. On August 30, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 99% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 1% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 11 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around May 12. On March 18, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 44% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 56% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kabul varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 2.9 months, from February 5 to May 2, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 22% on March 19.
The drier season lasts 9.1 months, from May 2 to February 5. The smallest chance of a wet day is 6% on December 1.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Kabul changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 11 months, from January 31 to December 29. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 22% on March 27.
Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 1.1 months, from December 29 to January 31. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 6% on January 27.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Kabul experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.8 months, from January 19 to November 13, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 28, with an average total accumulation of 2.0 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.2 months, from November 13 to January 19. The least rain falls around December 15, with and average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Kabul experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from December 8 to March 9, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 2, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 9.0 months, from March 9 to December 8. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Kabul, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Kabul experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from May 3 to September 14, with average wind speeds of more than 3.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is June 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.6 months, from September 14 to May 3. The calmest day of the year is November 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kabul varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 5.0 months, from May 4 to October 3, with a peak percentage of 72% on July 13. The wind is most often from the west for 7.0 months, from October 3 to May 4, with a peak percentage of 51% on November 30.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences very significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 9 to August 29, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 29, with an average of 8.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from November 7 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 3.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kabul are 34.528 deg latitude, 69.172 deg longitude, and 5,896 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Kabul contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,371 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 5,971 feet. Within 10 miles contains extreme variations in elevation (3,780 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (13,261 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Kabul is covered by artificial surfaces (90%), within 10 miles by cropland (33%) and grassland (31%), and within 50 miles by grassland (67%) and cropland (13%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Kabul, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Kabul International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Kabul.
At a distance of 6 kilometers from Kabul, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Kabul according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .