Average Weather in Sang-e Māshah Afghanistan
In Sang-e Māshah, the summers are warm, dry, and clear and the winters are freezing, snowy, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 19°F to 87°F and is rarely below 9°F or above 93°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Sang-e Māshah for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid August.
The hot season lasts for 3.8 months, from May 21 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature above 77°F. The hottest day of the year is July 16, with an average high of 87°F and low of 61°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.1 months, from December 2 to March 4, with an average daily high temperature below 46°F. The coldest day of the year is January 16, with an average low of 19°F and high of 36°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Holdrege, Nebraska, United States (7,292 miles away); Heath, Ohio, United States (7,036 miles); and Morris Plains, New Jersey, United States (6,788 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Sang-e Māshah (view comparison).
In Sang-e Māshah, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Sang-e Māshah begins around May 10 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around November 9. On September 9, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 9 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around May 10. On March 24, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 38% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 62% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Sang-e Māshah varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.0 months, from January 22 to August 21, with a greater than 11% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 18% on March 26.
The drier season lasts 5.0 months, from August 21 to January 22. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on November 25.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Sang-e Māshah changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 9.1 months, from February 24 to November 28. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 16% on March 30.
Snow alone is the most common for 2.6 months, from November 28 to February 16. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 8% on January 27.
Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 1.1 weeks, from February 16 to February 24. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 5% on February 17.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Sang-e Māshah experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.6 months, from February 25 to September 12, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around April 1, with an average total accumulation of 1.2 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.4 months, from September 12 to February 25. The least rain falls around January 6, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Sang-e Māshah experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from November 19 to March 27, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 5, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.7 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.7 months, from March 27 to November 19. The least snow falls around July 20, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Sang-e Māshah varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2020, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 58 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 21 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 4:50 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 14 minutes later at 7:04 AM on January 9. The earliest sunset is at 4:52 PM on December 4, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 20 minutes later at 7:13 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Sang-e Māshah during 2020.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Sang-e Māshah, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Sang-e Māshah experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.6 months, from January 18 to June 5, with average wind speeds of more than 7.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 9, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.4 months, from June 5 to January 18. The calmest day of the year is July 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Sang-e Māshah varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 1.6 months, from June 3 to July 21 and for 1.1 months, from August 11 to September 15, with a peak percentage of 40% on June 4. The wind is most often from the south for 3.0 weeks, from July 21 to August 11, with a peak percentage of 32% on August 1. The wind is most often from the west for 8.6 months, from September 15 to June 3, with a peak percentage of 47% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Sang-e Māshah throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Sang-e Māshah for general outdoor tourist activities is from early June to mid September, with a peak score in the third week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Sang-e Māshah for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Sang-e Māshah typically lasts for 7.0 months (213 days), from around April 4 to around November 2, rarely starting before March 17 or after April 24, and rarely ending before October 15 or after November 20.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Sang-e Māshah should appear around April 16, only rarely appearing before April 5 or after April 29.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from May 5 to August 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 17, with an average of 9.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from November 7 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 3.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Sang-e Māshah are 33.140 deg latitude, 67.440 deg longitude, and 8,274 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Sang-e Māshah contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,772 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 8,352 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,122 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (10,374 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Sang-e Māshah is covered by grassland (78%) and cropland (20%), within 10 miles by grassland (87%) and cropland (11%), and within 50 miles by grassland (75%) and cropland (13%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Sang-e Māshah, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Forward Operating Base Shank, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Sang-e Māshah.
At a distance of 174 kilometers from Sang-e Māshah, further than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed insufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records. Consequently, the station records are blended with interpolated values from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis , and both are corrected for elevation differences according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
The weight assigned to the MERRA-2 value depends on the distance from Sang-e Māshah to the nearest station, increasing from 0% at 150 kilometers to 100% at 200 kilometers. In this case, the MERRA-2 weight is 32%, making the weight assigned to the weather station 68%.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.