Average Weather in Torghay Kazakhstan
In Torghay, the summers are long, hot, and mostly clear; the winters are frigid, windy, and mostly cloudy; and it is dry year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -2°F to 90°F and is rarely below -19°F or above 101°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Torghay for warm-weather activities is from late May to early September.
The hot season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 16 to September 12, with an average daily high temperature above 75°F. The hottest day of the year is July 2, with an average high of 90°F and low of 65°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 24 to March 8, with an average daily high temperature below 29°F. The coldest day of the year is February 1, with an average low of -2°F and high of 14°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Torghay, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Torghay begins around April 3 and lasts for 6.6 months, ending around October 22. On July 29, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 76% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 24% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 22 and lasts for 5.4 months, ending around April 3. On January 23, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 75% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 25% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
Torghay does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 4% to 10%, with an average value of 8%.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Torghay changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 8.1 months, from March 14 to November 16. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 10% on May 21.
Snow alone is the most common for 3.9 months, from November 16 to March 14. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 8% on January 1.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Torghay experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Torghay. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 8, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.
The least rain falls around December 31, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Torghay experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from November 5 to March 26, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 26, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from March 26 to November 5. The least snow falls around July 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Torghay varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 8 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 19 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:38 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 4 hours, 5 minutes later at 9:42 AM on December 31. The earliest sunset is at 5:45 PM on December 12, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 12 minutes later at 9:57 PM on June 25.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Torghay during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Torghay, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Torghay experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from January 15 to April 27, with average wind speeds of more than 10.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.6 months, from April 27 to January 15. The calmest day of the year is August 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Torghay varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 2.3 weeks, from May 4 to May 20 and for 2.8 months, from August 31 to November 23, with a peak percentage of 35% on September 24. The wind is most often from the north for 3.4 months, from May 20 to August 31, with a peak percentage of 44% on July 20. The wind is most often from the south for 2.7 months, from November 23 to February 15, with a peak percentage of 36% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Torghay throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Torghay for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to early September, with a peak score in the third week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Torghay for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Torghay typically lasts for 5.4 months (164 days), from around April 26 to around October 7, rarely starting before April 7 or after May 14, and rarely ending before September 22 or after October 23.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Torghay should appear around April 23, only rarely appearing before April 15 or after May 3.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 3 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 24, with an average of 7.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 26 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 1.0 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Torghay are 49.634 deg latitude, 63.498 deg longitude, and 344 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Torghay contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 197 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 348 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (249 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (486 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Torghay is covered by sparse vegetation (82%), within 10 miles by sparse vegetation (77%), and within 50 miles by sparse vegetation (82%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Torghay, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Torghay is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Torghay, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.