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Average Weather in Magnitogorsk Russia

In Magnitogorsk, the summers are long, comfortable, and partly cloudy and the winters are frigid, snowy, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 1°F to 77°F and is rarely below -15°F or above 88°F.

Climate Summary

frigidfreezingcoolwarmcoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec64%64%32%32%overcastprecipitation: 1.6 inprecipitation: 1.6 in0.4 in0.4 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.8tourism score: 6.80.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Magnitogorsk for warm-weather activities is from mid June to mid August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 12 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature above 64°F. The hottest day of the year is July 1, with an average high of 77°F and low of 56°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 23 to March 13, with an average daily high temperature below 27°F. The coldest day of the year is February 6, with an average low of 1°F and high of 15°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in MagnitogorskJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidcoldcoldcoolfrigidfreezingcomfortablefreezingwarmvery coldvery cold
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Vermilion, Canada (5,042 miles away); Carlyle, Canada (5,239 miles); and Warroad, Minnesota, United States (5,216 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Magnitogorsk (view comparison).

Clouds

In Magnitogorsk, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Magnitogorsk begins around April 20 and lasts for 5.4 months, ending around October 1. On July 27, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 64% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 36% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 1 and lasts for 6.6 months, ending around April 20. On January 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 68% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 32% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in MagnitogorskclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2764%Jul 2764%Jan 1632%Jan 1632%Apr 2047%Apr 2047%Oct 148%Oct 148%clearpartly cloudyovercastmostly clearmostly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Magnitogorsk varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.6 months, from April 9 to October 29, with a greater than 16% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 24% on June 27.

The drier season lasts 5.3 months, from October 29 to April 9. The smallest chance of a wet day is 7% on March 5.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Magnitogorsk changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 7.5 months, from March 26 to November 10. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 24% on June 27.

Snow alone is the most common for 4.5 months, from November 10 to March 26. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 12% on December 31.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in MagnitogorsksnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 2724%Jun 2724%Mar 57%Mar 57%Nov 1014%Nov 1014%Jan 112%Jan 112%Apr 916%Apr 916%rainsnowmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Magnitogorsk experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from April 1 to October 31, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 11, with an average total accumulation of 1.6 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from October 31 to April 1. The least rain falls around February 3, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall in MagnitogorskrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 inJul 111.6 inJul 111.6 inFeb 30.0 inFeb 30.0 inApr 10.5 inApr 10.5 inOct 310.5 inOct 310.5 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Magnitogorsk experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from October 14 to April 17, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.5 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.9 months, from April 17 to October 14. The least snow falls around July 20, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in MagnitogorsksnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.2 in0.4 in0.6 in0.8 in1.0 in1.2 in1.4 in1.6 inDec 270.5 inDec 270.5 inJul 200.0 inJul 200.0 inMar 50.4 inMar 50.4 inOct 140.1 inOct 140.1 inApr 170.1 inApr 170.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Magnitogorsk varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 7 hours, 29 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 17 hours, 1 minute of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in MagnitogorskJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 11 minMar 2012 hr, 11 minMar 2017 hr, 1 minJun 2117 hr, 1 minJun 2112 hr, 13 minSep 2312 hr, 13 minSep 237 hr, 29 minDec 217 hr, 29 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:34 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 4 hours, 45 minutes later at 9:19 AM on December 30. The earliest sunset is at 4:44 PM on December 13, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 52 minutes later at 9:36 PM on June 24.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Magnitogorsk during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in MagnitogorskJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 174:34 AMJun 174:34 AM9:36 PMJun 249:36 PMJun 24Dec 134:44 PMDec 134:44 PM9:19 AMDec 309:19 AMDec 30daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Magnitogorsk, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in MagnitogorskJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 210%Mar 210%Jul 220%Jul 220%drydrycomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Magnitogorsk experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 8.6 months, from September 14 to June 1, with average wind speeds of more than 9.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 18, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.1 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 3.4 months, from June 1 to September 14. The calmest day of the year is July 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in MagnitogorskwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mphApr 1811.1 mphApr 1811.1 mphJul 318.3 mphJul 318.3 mphSep 149.7 mphSep 149.7 mphJun 19.7 mphJun 19.7 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Magnitogorsk varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 4.1 weeks, from July 1 to July 30, with a peak percentage of 35% on July 24. The wind is most often from the west for 11 months, from July 30 to July 1, with a peak percentage of 50% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in MagnitogorskWNWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westnorthsoutheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Magnitogorsk throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Magnitogorsk for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Magnitogorskbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.86.80.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Magnitogorsk for hot-weather activities is from late June to early August, with a peak score in the second week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Magnitogorskbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468103.83.80.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Magnitogorsk typically lasts for 4.6 months (143 days), from around May 9 to around September 28, rarely starting before April 18 or after May 28, and rarely ending before September 10 or after October 17.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Magnitogorskgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 950%May 950%Sep 2850%Sep 2850%May 2890%May 2890%Sep 1090%Sep 1090%Apr 1810%Apr 1810%Oct 1710%Oct 1710%0%Feb 110%Feb 11Jul 25100%Jul 25100%frigidcoldcoolwarmfreezingcomfortablevery coldhot
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Magnitogorsk should appear around May 6, only rarely appearing before April 26 or after May 17.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 5 to August 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 21, with an average of 6.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from October 22 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 0.7 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in MagnitogorskbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJun 216.7 kWhJun 216.7 kWhDec 230.7 kWhDec 230.7 kWhMay 55.5 kWhMay 55.5 kWhAug 115.5 kWhAug 115.5 kWhOct 221.9 kWhOct 221.9 kWhFeb 151.9 kWhFeb 151.9 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Magnitogorsk are 53.419 deg latitude, 59.047 deg longitude, and 1,227 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Magnitogorsk contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 456 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,217 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,004 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,713 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Magnitogorsk is covered by artificial surfaces (83%) and water (17%), within 10 miles by cropland (36%) and grassland (28%), and within 50 miles by cropland (42%) and grassland (29%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Magnitogorsk, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Magnitogorsk International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Magnitogorsk.

At a distance of 20 kilometers from Magnitogorsk, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Magnitogorsk according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.