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Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka Russia

In Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka, the summers are long, warm, dry, and partly cloudy and the winters are long, frigid, snowy, windy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 1°F to 83°F and is rarely below -18°F or above 95°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka for warm-weather activities is from early June to late August.

Climate in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

freezingcoolwarmcoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow71%71%21%21%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.1 inprecipitation: 1.1 in0.5 in0.5 inmuggy: 3%muggy: 3%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.1tourism score: 7.10.00.0
Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

Average Temperature in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

The warm season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 14 to September 12, with an average daily high temperature above 70°F. The hottest day of the year is July 19, with an average high of 83°F and low of 60°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 20 to March 16, with an average daily high temperature below 29°F. The coldest day of the year is February 5, with an average low of 1°F and high of 16°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Average High and Low Temperature in Podgorodnyaya PokrovkawarmcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec-20°F-20°F-10°F-10°F0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FFeb 516°FFeb 516°FJul 1983°FJul 1983°F1°F1°F60°F60°FMay 1470°FMay 1470°FSep 1270°FSep 1270°FNov 2029°FNov 2029°FMar 1629°FMar 1629°F46°F46°F47°F47°F18°F18°F14°F14°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Average Hourly Temperature in Podgorodnyaya PokrovkaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfrigidfrigidfreezingfreezingcoldcoldcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmvery coldvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Grand Forks, North Dakota, United States (5,355 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka (view comparison).

Compare Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka to another city:

Clouds

In Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka begins around April 15 and lasts for 5.9 months, ending around October 11. On July 26, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 71% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 29% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 11 and lasts for 6.1 months, ending around April 15. On January 10, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 79% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 21% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Cloud Cover Categories in Podgorodnyaya PokrovkaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2671%Jul 2671%Jan 1021%Jan 1021%Apr 1546%Apr 1546%Oct 1146%Oct 1146%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 11% to 20%, with an average value of 15%.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 8.3 months, from March 18 to November 25. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 19% on July 2.

Snow alone is the most common for 3.7 months, from November 25 to March 18. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 13% on January 1.

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Podgorodnyaya PokrovkasnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Nov 320%Nov 320%Mar 111%Mar 111%Jan 118%Jan 118%Apr 315%Apr 315%Jan 2415%Jan 2415%NowNowsnowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.9 months, from March 25 to November 21, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 28, with an average total accumulation of 1.1 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from November 21 to March 25. The least rain falls around February 6, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Average Monthly Rainfall in Podgorodnyaya PokrovkarainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 in3.0 in3.0 inJun 281.1 inJun 281.1 inFeb 60.1 inFeb 60.1 inMay 11.0 inMay 11.0 inOct 71.0 inOct 71.0 inAug 170.7 inAug 170.7 inMar 250.5 inMar 250.5 inNov 210.5 inNov 210.5 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.6 months, from October 21 to April 9, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 28, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.6 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.4 months, from April 9 to October 21. The least snow falls around July 13, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Podgorodnyaya PokrovkasnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.2 in0.2 in0.4 in0.4 in0.6 in0.6 in0.8 in0.8 in1.0 in1.0 in1.2 in1.2 inDec 280.6 inDec 280.6 inJul 130.0 inJul 130.0 inOct 210.1 inOct 210.1 inApr 90.1 inApr 90.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 7 hours, 46 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 42 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Podgorodnyaya PokrovkaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 10 minMar 2012 hr, 10 minMar 2016 hr, 42 minJun 2116 hr, 42 minJun 2112 hr, 12 minSep 2312 hr, 12 minSep 237 hr, 46 minDec 217 hr, 46 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:00 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 4 hours, 27 minutes later at 9:27 AM on December 30. The earliest sunset is at 5:09 PM on December 13, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 34 minutes later at 9:43 PM on June 24.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Podgorodnyaya PokrovkaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 175:00 AMJun 175:00 AM9:43 PMJun 249:43 PMJun 24Dec 135:09 PMDec 135:09 PM9:27 AMDec 309:27 AMDec 30daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Humidity Comfort Levels in Podgorodnyaya PokrovkaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Mar 70%Mar 70%Jul 153%Jul 153%NowNowcomfortablecomfortabledrydryhumidhumid
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from October 7 to May 8, with average wind speeds of more than 10.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 2, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.0 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 8 to October 7. The calmest day of the year is August 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.4 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Average Wind Speed in Podgorodnyaya PokrovkawindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mph18 mph18 mphMar 212.0 mphMar 212.0 mphAug 58.4 mphAug 58.4 mphOct 710.2 mphOct 710.2 mphMay 810.2 mphMay 810.2 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.0 weeks, from March 29 to April 5 and for 3.5 months, from November 9 to February 24, with a peak percentage of 29% on April 3. The wind is most often from the west for 1.7 weeks, from May 4 to May 16 and for 2.5 months, from August 23 to November 9, with a peak percentage of 37% on September 23. The wind is most often from the north for 3.2 months, from May 16 to August 23, with a peak percentage of 42% on July 26.

Wind Direction in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Wind Direction in Podgorodnyaya PokrovkaSEENWSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka for general outdoor tourist activities is from early June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Tourism Score in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovkabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.17.10.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka for hot-weather activities is from late June to early August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Beach/Pool Score in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovkabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810105.85.80.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka typically lasts for 5.3 months (159 days), from around April 24 to around October 1, rarely starting before April 2 or after May 17, and rarely ending before September 13 or after October 18.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovkagrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Apr 2450%Apr 2450%Oct 150%Oct 150%May 1790%May 1790%Sep 1390%Sep 1390%Apr 210%Apr 210%Oct 1810%Oct 1810%0%Feb 40%Feb 4Jul 18100%Jul 18100%NowNowfrigidfreezingcoolcomfortablewarmhotcoldvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka should appear around April 28, only rarely appearing before April 19 or after May 8.

Growing Degree Days in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Growing Degree Days in Podgorodnyaya PokrovkaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°FApr 2890°FApr 2890°FJun 25900°FJun 25900°FAug 61,800°FAug 61,800°FDec 312,565°FDec 312,565°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 6 to August 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 14, with an average of 6.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from October 23 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 0.7 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Podgorodnyaya PokrovkabrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhJun 146.9 kWhJun 146.9 kWhDec 220.7 kWhDec 220.7 kWhMay 65.6 kWhMay 65.6 kWhAug 165.6 kWhAug 165.6 kWhOct 231.9 kWhOct 231.9 kWhFeb 161.9 kWhFeb 161.9 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka are 51.828 deg latitude, 54.987 deg longitude, and 335 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 210 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 324 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (502 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,089 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka is covered by cropland (62%) and trees (28%), within 10 miles by cropland (60%) and trees (16%), and within 50 miles by cropland (68%) and grassland (29%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Orenburg / Tsentralny, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka.

At a distance of 33 kilometers from Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Podgorodnyaya Pokrovka according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.