Average Weather in Kostino Russia
In Kostino, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy and the winters are frigid, snowy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -3°F to 71°F and is rarely below -24°F or above 81°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Kostino for warm-weather activities is from late June to early August.
The warm season lasts for 3.5 months, from May 19 to September 4, with an average daily high temperature above 58°F. The hottest day of the year is July 10, with an average high of 71°F and low of 54°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 16 to March 7, with an average daily high temperature below 21°F. The coldest day of the year is January 22, with an average low of -3°F and high of 9°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Kostino, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Kostino begins around April 21 and lasts for 4.6 months, ending around September 9. On July 23, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 55% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 45% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 9 and lasts for 7.4 months, ending around April 21. On December 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 88% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 12% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kostino varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.1 months, from April 30 to November 3, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 39% on June 21.
The drier season lasts 5.9 months, from November 3 to April 30. The smallest chance of a wet day is 12% on February 5.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Kostino changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 6.5 months, from April 11 to October 25. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 39% on June 21.
Snow alone is the most common for 5.5 months, from October 25 to April 11. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 19% on December 10.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kostino experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from April 7 to November 4, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 22, with an average total accumulation of 3.0 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from November 4 to April 7. The least rain falls around January 8, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kostino experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from September 23 to May 7, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around November 15, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.9 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from May 7 to September 23. The least snow falls around July 23, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Kostino varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 6 hours, 12 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 18 hours, 29 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 2:14 AM on June 19, and the latest sunrise is 6 hours, 7 minutes later at 8:20 AM on December 27. The earliest sunset is at 2:29 PM on December 16, and the latest sunset is 6 hours, 14 minutes later at 8:43 PM on June 23.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Kostino during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Kostino experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from June 7 to August 19, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 3% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 6, with muggy conditions 13% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is March 2, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Kostino experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from October 14 to April 24, with average wind speeds of more than 5.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.7 months, from April 24 to October 14. The calmest day of the year is July 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kostino varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 2.1 months, from April 23 to June 26 and for 2.8 months, from August 12 to November 5, with a peak percentage of 41% on October 19. The wind is most often from the north for 1.5 months, from June 26 to August 12, with a peak percentage of 37% on July 22. The wind is most often from the south for 5.6 months, from November 5 to April 23, with a peak percentage of 45% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Kostino throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kostino for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to early August, with a peak score in the second week of July.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kostino for hot-weather activities is from late June to late July, with a peak score in the second week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Kostino typically lasts for 4.0 months (125 days), from around May 22 to around September 24, rarely starting before May 4 or after June 9, and rarely ending before September 6 or after October 12.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Kostino should appear around May 24, only rarely appearing before May 14 or after June 5.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from May 6 to August 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 30, with an average of 5.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from October 11 to February 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 0.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kostino are 58.910 deg latitude, 53.269 deg longitude, and 705 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Kostino contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 315 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 728 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (417 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (719 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Kostino is covered by trees (69%), grassland (19%), and cropland (12%), within 10 miles by trees (85%), and within 50 miles by trees (92%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Kostino, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Kostino is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Kostino, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.