Average Weather in Aktau Kazakhstan
In Aktau, the summers are warm, arid, and mostly clear and the winters are long, very cold, dry, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 26°F to 87°F and is rarely below 12°F or above 98°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Aktau for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August.
The hot season lasts for 3.4 months, from June 1 to September 12, with an average daily high temperature above 77°F. The hottest day of the year is July 31, with an average high of 87°F and low of 72°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 23 to March 15, with an average daily high temperature below 46°F. The coldest day of the year is February 3, with an average low of 26°F and high of 36°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Aktau, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Aktau begins around May 20 and lasts for 4.8 months, ending around October 13. On July 27, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 89% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 11% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 13 and lasts for 7.2 months, ending around May 20. On December 24, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 60% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 40% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
Aktau does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 2% to 8%, with an average value of 5%.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Aktau changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 12 months, from January 17 to January 10. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 8% on April 19.
Snow alone is the most common for 1.0 weeks, from January 10 to January 17. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 2% on January 12.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Aktau experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Aktau. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around April 17, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.
The least rain falls around January 6, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Aktau does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Aktau varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 56 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 27 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:53 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 16 minutes later at 9:08 AM on January 3. The earliest sunset is at 5:58 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 23 minutes later at 9:21 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Aktau during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Aktau experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from June 5 to September 9, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 10% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 20, with muggy conditions 39% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 2, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Aktau experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from September 13 to April 4, with average wind speeds of more than 12.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 14.2 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.3 months, from April 4 to September 13. The calmest day of the year is July 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Aktau varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 1.8 months, from April 30 to June 23, with a peak percentage of 34% on June 18. The wind is most often from the north for 1.9 months, from June 23 to August 21, with a peak percentage of 41% on July 23. The wind is most often from the east for 8.3 months, from August 21 to April 30, with a peak percentage of 45% on January 1.
Aktau is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.9 months, from June 18 to September 15, with an average temperature above 69°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is July 31, with an average temperature of 76°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.3 months, from December 11 to April 21, with an average temperature below 49°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 26, with an average temperature of 43°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Aktau throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Aktau for general outdoor tourist activities are from late May to mid July and from early August to late September, with a peak score in the first week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Aktau for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Aktau typically lasts for 7.7 months (236 days), from around March 25 to around November 16, rarely starting before March 5 or after April 15, and rarely ending before October 23 or after December 7.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Aktau should appear around April 20, only rarely appearing before April 10 or after May 2.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 5 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 20, with an average of 7.5 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 31 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 1.3 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Aktau are 43.650 deg latitude, 51.167 deg longitude, and -16 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Aktau contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 203 feet and an average elevation above sea level of -25 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (282 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,532 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Aktau is covered by bare soil (79%) and water (21%), within 10 miles by water (56%) and bare soil (43%), and within 50 miles by water (52%) and bare soil (46%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Aktau, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Aktau Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Aktau.
At a distance of 24 kilometers from Aktau, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Aktau according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.