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Average Weather in Doha Qatar

In Doha, the temperature typically varies from 57°F to 107°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 51°F or above 112°F.

The hot season lasts for 136 days, from May 11 to September 24, with an average daily high temperature above 99°F. The hottest day of the year is July 11, with an average high of 107°F and low of 88°F.

The cool season lasts for 94 days, from December 4 to March 8, with an average daily high temperature below 78°F. The coldest day of the year is January 25, with an average low of 57°F and high of 71°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDeccoolcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmwarmhothotswelteringsweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Sun

The length of the day in Doha varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 34 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 43 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:42 AM on June 9, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 38 minutes later at 6:21 AM on January 13. The earliest sunset is at 4:43 PM on November 30, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 45 minutes later at 6:28 PM on July 2.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Doha during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Clouds

In Doha, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Doha begins around September 6 and lasts for 196 days, ending around March 21. On October 2, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 93% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 7% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around March 21 and lasts for 169 days, ending around September 6. On July 29, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 50% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 50% of the time.

Cloud Cover

clearerclearerclearerclearercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJul 2950%Jul 2950%Oct 27%Oct 27%Sep 630%Sep 630%Mar 2129%Mar 2129%overcastovercastmostly cloudymostly cloudyclearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

Doha does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from -0% to 6%, with an average value of 2%.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 6% on March 14.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Doha experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Doha. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 12, with an average total accumulation of 0.4 inches.

The least rain falls around July 9, with and average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Doha experiences very significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 214 days, from April 27 to November 27, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 24% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 31, with muggy conditions 88% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 29, with muggy conditions 2% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

muggymuggy0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJan 292%Jan 292%88%Aug 3188%Aug 31Apr 2724%Apr 2724%Nov 2724%Nov 2724%miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Doha experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 153 days, from November 13 to April 15, with average wind speeds of more than 5.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.0 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 212 days, from April 15 to November 13. The calmest day of the year is September 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Doha is from the north throughout the year.

Wind Direction

0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestwestsouthsoutheasteastnorthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Doha is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 107 days, from June 28 to October 13, with an average temperature above 88°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 20, with an average temperature of 93°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 103 days, from December 22 to April 4, with an average temperature below 72°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 9, with an average temperature of 67°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line) with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 79 days, from May 4 to July 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 13, with an average of 8.0 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 89 days, from November 10 to February 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.8 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 14, with an average of 4.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Doha are 25.279 deg latitude, 51.522 deg longitude, and 43 ft elevation (map ).

The topography within 2 miles of Doha contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 121 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 40 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (243 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (604 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Doha is covered by artificial surfaces (71%), water (15%), and bare soil (15%), within 10 miles by bare soil (34%) and artificial surfaces (33%), and within 50 miles by water (51%) and bare soil (47%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Doha, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Doha.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Doha according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Doha is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Doha and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Hamad International Airport (100%, 3.1 kilometers, southeast) and Bahrain International Airport (0.3%, 143 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .