Average Weather in Quba Azerbaijan
In Quba, the summers are warm, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are long, very cold, snowy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 25°F to 83°F and is rarely below 17°F or above 91°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Quba for warm-weather activities is from early June to mid September.
The warm season lasts for 3.4 months, from June 1 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 74°F. The hottest day of the year is August 1, with an average high of 83°F and low of 62°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 24 to March 17, with an average daily high temperature below 47°F. The coldest day of the year is January 22, with an average low of 25°F and high of 39°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Quba, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Quba begins around June 2 and lasts for 3.7 months, ending around September 25. On July 28, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 94% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 6% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 25 and lasts for 8.3 months, ending around June 2. On January 27, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 49% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 51% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
Quba does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 8% to 16%, with an average value of 11%.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Quba changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 8.7 months, from March 19 to December 9. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 16% on September 22.
Snow alone is the most common for 3.3 months, from December 9 to March 19. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 7% on February 12.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Quba experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from April 4 to November 20, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 30, with an average total accumulation of 1.1 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from November 20 to April 4. The least rain falls around January 8, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Quba experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from November 1 to April 10, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 20, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from April 10 to November 1. The least snow falls around July 24, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Quba varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2019, the shortest day is December 22, with 9 hours, 11 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 10 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:11 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 0 minutes later at 8:12 AM on January 5. The earliest sunset is at 5:16 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 7 minutes later at 8:23 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Quba during 2019.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Quba experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from June 23 to September 7, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 5% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 1, with muggy conditions 21% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is November 29, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Quba experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from June 17 to October 31, with average wind speeds of more than 5.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is August 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.6 months, from October 31 to June 17. The calmest day of the year is January 2, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Quba varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 1.7 weeks, from May 11 to May 23 and for 2.7 weeks, from September 13 to October 2, with a peak percentage of 34% on September 21. The wind is most often from the north for 3.7 months, from May 23 to September 13 and for 7.3 months, from October 2 to May 11, with a peak percentage of 39% on July 26.
Quba is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.0 months, from June 25 to September 23, with an average temperature above 71°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 8, with an average temperature of 78°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.5 months, from December 9 to April 24, with an average temperature below 50°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 22, with an average temperature of 43°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Quba throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Quba for general outdoor tourist activities is from early June to mid September, with a peak score in the second week of July.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Quba for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Quba typically lasts for 7.1 months (217 days), from around April 8 to around November 11, rarely starting before March 19 or after May 1, and rarely ending before October 21 or after December 3.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Quba should appear around April 22, only rarely appearing before April 9 or after May 7.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 9 to August 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 6, with an average of 7.2 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from October 28 to February 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 1.9 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Quba are 41.361 deg latitude, 48.513 deg longitude, and 2,008 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Quba contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 719 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,015 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (4,117 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (14,731 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Quba is covered by cropland (53%), grassland (15%), trees (13%), and shrubs (11%), within 10 miles by cropland (44%) and trees (34%), and within 50 miles by cropland (31%) and water (30%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Quba, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Quba.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Quba according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Quba is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Quba and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.