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Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Samur Azerbaijan

In Samur, the summers are warm and mostly clear; the winters are long, very cold, and partly cloudy; and it is dry year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 31°F to 83°F and is rarely below 23°F or above 92°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Samur for hot-weather activities is from early July to late August.

Climate in Samur

very coldcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow93%93%50%50%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.1 inprecipitation: 1.1 in0.4 in0.4 inmuggy: 42%muggy: 42%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.0beach/pool score: 8.00.00.0
Samur weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

Average Temperature in Samur

The warm season lasts for 3.4 months, from June 3 to September 15, with an average daily high temperature above 75°F. The hottest day of the year is July 31, with an average high of 83°F and low of 67°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 25 to March 19, with an average daily high temperature below 50°F. The coldest day of the year is January 23, with an average low of 31°F and high of 42°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in Samur

Average High and Low Temperature in SamurwarmcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FJan 2342°FJan 2342°FJul 3183°FJul 3183°F31°F31°F67°F67°FJun 375°FJun 375°FSep 1575°FSep 1575°FNov 2550°FNov 2550°FMar 1950°FMar 1950°F58°F58°F60°F60°F38°F38°F37°F37°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in Samur

Average Hourly Temperature in SamurJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarm
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Ocean Grove, New Jersey, United States (5,737 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Samur (view comparison).

Compare Samur to another city:

Clouds

In Samur, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Samur begins around June 3 and lasts for 3.8 months, ending around September 26. On July 31, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 93% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 7% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 26 and lasts for 8.2 months, ending around June 3. On January 17, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 50% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 50% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories in Samur

Cloud Cover Categories in SamurclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 3193%Jul 3193%Jan 1750%Jan 1750%Jun 372%Jun 372%Sep 2672%Sep 2672%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

Samur does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 7% to 16%, with an average value of 11%.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 16% on September 25.

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Samur

Daily Chance of Precipitation in SamurJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Oct 2916%Oct 2916%Aug 47%Aug 47%Jan 19%Jan 19%Sep 912%Sep 912%May 2912%May 2912%NowNowrainsnowmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Samur experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.3 months, from March 19 to November 27, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 2, with an average total accumulation of 1.1 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from November 27 to March 19. The least rain falls around January 10, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in Samur

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Samur experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from November 18 to March 22, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 11, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.9 months, from March 22 to November 18. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Samur

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in SamursnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.2 in0.2 in0.4 in0.4 in0.6 in0.6 in0.8 in0.8 in1.0 in1.0 in1.2 in1.2 inFeb 110.3 inFeb 110.3 inJul 270.0 inJul 270.0 inDec 210.2 inDec 210.2 inMar 220.1 inMar 220.1 inNowNow
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Samur varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 9 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 12 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Samur

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in SamurJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 9 minMar 2012 hr, 9 minMar 2015 hr, 12 minJun 2115 hr, 12 minJun 2112 hr, 10 minSep 2212 hr, 10 minSep 229 hr, 9 minDec 219 hr, 9 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:11 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 2 minutes later at 8:13 AM on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:15 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 9 minutes later at 8:24 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Samur during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Samur

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in SamurJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 155:11 AMJun 155:11 AM8:24 PMJun 278:24 PMJun 27Dec 85:15 PMDec 85:15 PM8:13 AMJan 48:13 AMJan 4daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Samur

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Samur experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from June 19 to September 13, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 11% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 1, with muggy conditions 42% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is December 4, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels in Samur

Humidity Comfort Levels in SamurmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Dec 40%Dec 40%Aug 142%Aug 142%Jun 1911%Jun 1911%Sep 1311%Sep 1311%NowNowmuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydryoppressiveoppressive
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Samur experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from June 16 to November 7, with average wind speeds of more than 6.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is September 7, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.5 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.3 months, from November 7 to June 16. The calmest day of the year is January 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in Samur

Average Wind Speed in SamurwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mphSep 77.5 mphSep 77.5 mphJan 15.7 mphJan 15.7 mphJun 166.6 mphJun 166.6 mphNov 76.6 mphNov 76.6 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Samur varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 2.6 months, from March 22 to June 9 and for 3.4 months, from August 1 to November 14, with a peak percentage of 42% on September 27. The wind is most often from the north for 1.7 months, from June 9 to August 1 and for 4.3 months, from November 14 to March 22, with a peak percentage of 37% on July 26.

Wind Direction in Samur

Wind Direction in SamurNENENJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowsoutheastnorthwest
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Samur is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.0 months, from June 24 to September 23, with an average temperature above 71°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 8, with an average temperature of 78°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.5 months, from December 9 to April 24, with an average temperature below 50°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 24, with an average temperature of 43°F.

Average Water Temperature in Samur

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Samur throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Samur for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the last week of June.

Tourism Score in Samur

Tourism Score in Samurbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.18.10.10.18.18.1NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Samur for hot-weather activities is from early July to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score in Samur

Beach/Pool Score in Samurbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.08.00.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudsclouds beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Samur typically lasts for 8.3 months (252 days), from around March 24 to around December 1, rarely starting before March 4 or after April 15, and rarely ending before November 6 or after December 28.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Samur

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Samurgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2450%Mar 2450%Dec 150%Dec 190%Apr 1590%Apr 1590%Nov 690%Nov 610%Mar 410%Mar 410%Dec 2810%Dec 280%Jan 250%Jan 25Aug 2100%Aug 2100%NowNowvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Samur should appear around April 13, only rarely appearing before March 31 or after April 28.

Growing Degree Days in Samur

Growing Degree Days in SamurJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°F3,000°F3,000°F3,500°F3,500°FApr 1388°FApr 1388°FJun 19900°FJun 19900°FJul 271,800°FJul 271,800°FDec 313,465°FDec 313,465°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 8 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 6, with an average of 7.2 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from October 29 to February 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 1.9 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Samur

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in SamurbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhJul 67.2 kWhJul 67.2 kWhDec 231.9 kWhDec 231.9 kWhMay 86.1 kWhMay 86.1 kWhAug 186.1 kWhAug 186.1 kWhOct 292.9 kWhOct 292.9 kWhFeb 122.9 kWhFeb 122.9 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Samur are 41.637 deg latitude, 48.430 deg longitude, and 1,007 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Samur contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 554 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 959 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (2,552 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (14,731 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Samur is covered by cropland (52%) and sparse vegetation (27%), within 10 miles by cropland (69%) and trees (13%), and within 50 miles by water (39%) and cropland (30%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Samur, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Samur.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Samur according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Samur is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Samur and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Gabala International Airport (UBBQ, 45%, 108 kilometers, southwest); Uytash Airport (URML, 28%, 146 kilometers, northwest); and Zaqatala International Airport (UBBY, 28%, 148 kilometers, west).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.