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Average Weather in Pacific Grove California, United States

In Pacific Grove, the summers are short, comfortable, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are cold, wet, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 45°F to 68°F and is rarely below 38°F or above 77°F.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 2.2 months, from August 18 to October 24, with an average daily high temperature above 66°F. The hottest day of the year is October 2, with an average high of 68°F and low of 54°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.5 months, from December 2 to March 18, with an average daily high temperature below 61°F. The coldest day of the year is January 3, with an average low of 45°F and high of 60°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Pacific GroveJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcoldcoolcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Pacific Grove, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Pacific Grove begins around May 28 and lasts for 5.0 months, ending around October 27. On August 7, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 91% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 9% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 27 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around May 28. On February 17, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 52% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 48% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Pacific GroveclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 791%Aug 791%Feb 1748%Feb 1748%May 2870%May 2870%Oct 2770%Oct 2770%clearovercastmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Pacific Grove varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.1 months, from November 6 to April 10, with a greater than 15% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 30% on February 20.

The drier season lasts 6.9 months, from April 10 to November 6. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on July 19.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 30% on February 20.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Pacific GrovewetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 2030%Feb 2030%Jul 190%Jul 190%Jan 124%Jan 124%Nov 615%Nov 615%Apr 1015%Apr 1015%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Pacific Grove experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from October 5 to May 9, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around February 15, with an average total accumulation of 3.8 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from May 9 to October 5. The least rain falls around August 3, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Pacific Grove varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 39 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 40 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Pacific GroveJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2014 hr, 40 minJun 2014 hr, 40 minJun 2012 hr, 8 minSep 2212 hr, 8 minSep 229 hr, 39 minDec 219 hr, 39 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:48 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 46 minutes later at 7:34 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:51 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 39 minutes later at 8:30 PM on June 28.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Pacific Grove during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Pacific GroveJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 125:48 AMJun 125:48 AM8:30 PMJun 288:30 PMJun 28Dec 54:51 PMDec 54:51 PM7:34 AMNov 47:34 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Pacific Grove, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Pacific GroveJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%May 40%May 40%Sep 260%Sep 260%drydrycomfortablecomfortablehumidhumid
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Pacific Grove experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.4 months, from November 15 to June 28, with average wind speeds of more than 7.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.4 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.6 months, from June 28 to November 15. The calmest day of the year is September 16, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Pacific Grove varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 5.8 months, from April 19 to October 12, with a peak percentage of 74% on July 30. The wind is most often from the north for 6.2 months, from October 12 to April 19, with a peak percentage of 39% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Pacific GroveNWNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Pacific Grove is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.8 months, from August 1 to October 26, with an average temperature above 58°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is September 20, with an average temperature of 59°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.0 months, from March 9 to June 10, with an average temperature below 55°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is April 29, with an average temperature of 54°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 6 to August 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 27, with an average of 8.4 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from November 5 to February 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 2.4 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Pacific GrovebrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJun 278.4 kWhJun 278.4 kWhDec 212.4 kWhDec 212.4 kWhMay 67.2 kWhMay 67.2 kWhAug 267.2 kWhAug 267.2 kWhNov 53.6 kWhNov 53.6 kWhFeb 173.6 kWhFeb 173.6 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Pacific Grove are 36.618 deg latitude, -121.917 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Pacific Grove contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 738 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 115 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,903 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (5,863 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Pacific Grove is covered by artificial surfaces (41%) and water (37%), within 10 miles by water (60%) and shrubs (10%), and within 50 miles by water (50%) and grassland (16%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Pacific Grove, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Pacific Grove.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Pacific Grove according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Pacific Grove is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Pacific Grove and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Monterey Regional Airport (86%, 8 kilometers, southeast) and Watsonville Municipal Airport (14%, 37 kilometers, north).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.