Average Weather in Andramasina Madagascar
In Andramasina, the wet season is warm and overcast and the dry season is comfortable and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 49°F to 78°F and is rarely below 44°F or above 83°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Andramasina for warm-weather activities are from mid April to early June and from late August to early November.
The warm season lasts for 6.0 months, from October 12 to April 13, with an average daily high temperature above 76°F. The hottest day of the year is December 6, with an average high of 78°F and low of 60°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.4 months, from June 9 to August 20, with an average daily high temperature below 68°F. The coldest day of the year is July 11, with an average low of 49°F and high of 66°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Andramasina, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Andramasina begins around April 6 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around November 14. On June 8, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 84% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 16% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 14 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around April 6. On January 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 84% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 16% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Andramasina varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.2 months, from November 6 to April 11, with a greater than 51% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 86% on February 5.
The drier season lasts 6.8 months, from April 11 to November 6. The smallest chance of a wet day is 15% on September 9.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 86% on February 5.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Andramasina experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Andramasina. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around January 22, with an average total accumulation of 17.8 inches.
The least rain falls around September 3, with an average total accumulation of 1.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Andramasina varies over the course of the year. In 2020, the shortest day is June 21, with 10 hours, 58 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 13 hours, 17 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:02 AM on November 25, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 22 minutes later at 6:23 AM on July 6. The earliest sunset is at 5:18 PM on June 5, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 15 minutes later at 6:33 PM on January 18.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Andramasina during 2020.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Andramasina experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from November 15 to April 15, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 7% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is February 5, with muggy conditions 27% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is August 30, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Andramasina experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from June 11 to October 4, with average wind speeds of more than 6.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.5 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.2 months, from October 4 to June 11. The calmest day of the year is December 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Andramasina is from the east throughout the year.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Andramasina throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Andramasina for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid April to early June and from late August to early November, with a peak score in the last week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Andramasina for hot-weather activities are from late March to late April and from early October to late November, with a peak score in the first week of November.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Andramasina are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from September 13 to December 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is November 7, with an average of 7.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from May 17 to July 31, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 26, with an average of 4.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Andramasina are -19.188 deg latitude, 47.590 deg longitude, and 4,528 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Andramasina contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 902 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,522 feet. Within 10 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,755 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (6,844 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Andramasina is covered by grassland (80%) and trees (13%), within 10 miles by grassland (71%) and trees (20%), and within 50 miles by grassland (43%) and trees (37%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Andramasina, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Andramasina.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Andramasina according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Andramasina is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Andramasina and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.