Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Marand Iran
In Marand, the summers are hot, arid, and clear and the winters are freezing, dry, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 21°F to 90°F and is rarely below 10°F or above 96°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Marand for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August.
Climate in Marand
Average Temperature in Marand
The hot season lasts for 3.6 months, from June 2 to September 20, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest day of the year is July 25, with an average high of 90°F and low of 66°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from November 27 to February 28, with an average daily high temperature below 46°F. The coldest day of the year is January 23, with an average low of 21°F and high of 36°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Marand
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Marand
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Marand, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Marand begins around May 26 and lasts for 4.5 months, ending around October 9. On August 7, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 99% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 1% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 9 and lasts for 7.5 months, ending around May 26. On March 20, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 45% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 55% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Marand
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Marand varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.1 months, from October 26 to May 30, with a greater than 11% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 19% on April 30.
The drier season lasts 4.9 months, from May 30 to October 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on August 5.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Marand changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 11 months, from January 27 to December 31. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 19% on April 30.
Snow alone is the most common for 3.9 weeks, from December 31 to January 27. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 3% on January 22.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Marand
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Marand experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from October 19 to June 3, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around April 30, with an average total accumulation of 1.0 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from June 3 to October 19. The least rain falls around August 9, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Marand
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Marand does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Marand
The length of the day in Marand varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 29 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 51 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Marand
The earliest sunrise is at 6:02 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 42 minutes later at 7:44 AM on January 5. The earliest sunset is at 5:05 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 49 minutes later at 8:54 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Marand during 2021, starting in the spring on March 22, lasting 6.0 months, and ending in the fall on September 21.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Marand
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Marand
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Marand, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Marand
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Marand experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from June 14 to September 3, with average wind speeds of more than 7.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 9.3 months, from September 3 to June 14. The calmest day of the year is December 19, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Marand
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Marand varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 5.0 months, from May 19 to October 19, with a peak percentage of 84% on July 26. The wind is most often from the south for 7.0 months, from October 19 to May 19, with a peak percentage of 59% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Marand
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Marand throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Marand for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the third week of June.
Tourism Score in Marand
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Marand for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the first week of August.
Beach/Pool Score in Marand
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Marand typically lasts for 7.4 months (224 days), from around March 31 to around November 11, rarely starting before March 13 or after April 23, and rarely ending before October 24 or after November 28.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Marand
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Marand should appear around April 10, only rarely appearing before March 27 or after April 23.
Growing Degree Days in Marand
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 18 to August 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 22, with an average of 8.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 29 to February 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 2.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Marand
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Marand are 38.433 deg latitude, 45.775 deg longitude, and 4,337 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Marand contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 568 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,356 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (6,339 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (11,165 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Marand is covered by cropland (47%), shrubs (34%), and sparse vegetation (14%), within 10 miles by shrubs (58%) and cropland (21%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (53%) and sparse vegetation (15%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Marand, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Marand.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Marand according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Marand is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Marand and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Tabriz International Airport (OITT, 42%, 52 kilometers, southeast); Khoy Airport (OITK, 27%, 70 kilometers, west); Nakhchivan International Airport (UB15, 16%, 89 kilometers, north); and Orumieh (OITR, 15%, 105 kilometers, southwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.