Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Mogadishu Somalia
The climate in Mogadishu is hot, oppressive, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 75°F to 89°F and is rarely below 74°F or above 91°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Mogadishu for hot-weather activities is from early July to early March.
Climate in Mogadishu
The temperature in Mogadishu varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.
Average High and Low Temperature in Mogadishu
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Mogadishu
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Mogadishu, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Mogadishu begins around August 5 and lasts for 7.5 months, ending around March 20.
The clearest month of the year in Mogadishu is October, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 55% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around March 20 and lasts for 4.5 months, ending around August 5.
The cloudiest month of the year in Mogadishu is May, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 68% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Mogadishu
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Mogadishu varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.8 months, from March 31 to November 24, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Mogadishu is April, with an average of 7.0 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
The drier season lasts 4.2 months, from November 24 to March 31. The month with the fewest wet days in Mogadishu is February, with an average of 0.3 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in Mogadishu is April, with an average of 7.0 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 27% on April 19.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Mogadishu
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Mogadishu experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.0 months, from March 14 to December 15, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The month with the most rain in Mogadishu is April, with an average rainfall of 2.7 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from December 15 to March 14. The month with the least rain in Mogadishu is February, with an average rainfall of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Mogadishu
The length of the day in Mogadishu does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 14 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2023, the shortest day is December 22, with 12 hours, 0 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 14 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Mogadishu
The earliest sunrise is at 5:40 AM on October 31, and the latest sunrise is 31 minutes later at 6:11 AM on February 8. The earliest sunset is at 5:43 PM on November 6, and the latest sunset is 31 minutes later at 6:14 PM on February 16.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Mogadishu during 2023.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Mogadishu
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
Solar Elevation and Azimuth in Mogadishu
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2023. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Mogadishu
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Mogadishu, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 5% of 95% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Mogadishu
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Mogadishu experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from May 27 to September 30, with average wind speeds of more than 13.6 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Mogadishu is July, with an average hourly wind speed of 17.5 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.9 months, from September 30 to May 27. The calmest month of the year in Mogadishu is April, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Mogadishu
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Mogadishu varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 6.5 months, from April 15 to October 31, with a peak percentage of 100% on August 27. The wind is most often from the east for 5.5 months, from October 31 to April 15, with a peak percentage of 97% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Mogadishu
Mogadishu is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 1.5 months, from March 27 to May 12, with an average temperature above 83°F. The month of the year in Mogadishu with the warmest water is April, with an average temperature of 84°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 2.9 months, from June 30 to September 27, with an average temperature below 79°F. The month of the year in Mogadishu with the coolest water is August, with an average temperature of 77°F.
Average Water Temperature in Mogadishu
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Mogadishu throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Mogadishu for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to late September, with a peak score in the third week of August.
Tourism Score in Mogadishu
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Mogadishu for hot-weather activities is from early July to early March, with a peak score in the third week of September.
Beach/Pool Score in Mogadishu
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Mogadishu are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Mogadishu
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days in Mogadishu
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.2 months, from January 27 to April 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.1 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Mogadishu is February, with an average of 7.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 1.3 months, from April 25 to June 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.9 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Mogadishu is May, with an average of 5.7 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Mogadishu
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Mogadishu are 2.037 deg latitude, 45.344 deg longitude, and 46 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Mogadishu contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 249 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 72 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (617 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (843 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Mogadishu is covered by artificial surfaces (77%) and water (14%), within 10 miles by water (44%) and shrubs (17%), and within 50 miles by water (50%) and shrubs (21%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Mogadishu, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Mogadishu is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Mogadishu, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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