Average Weather in Volgograd Russia
In Volgograd, the summers are warm and partly cloudy; the winters are long, freezing, windy, and mostly cloudy; and it is dry year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 14°F to 87°F and is rarely below -6°F or above 98°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Volgograd for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August.
The hot season lasts for 3.5 months, from May 23 to September 8, with an average daily high temperature above 74°F. The hottest day of the year is July 28, with an average high of 87°F and low of 66°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 19 to March 14, with an average daily high temperature below 37°F. The coldest day of the year is February 3, with an average low of 14°F and high of 25°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Volgograd, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Volgograd begins around April 30 and lasts for 5.6 months, ending around October 17. On July 22, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 77% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 23% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 17 and lasts for 6.4 months, ending around April 30. On February 6, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 75% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 25% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
Volgograd does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 10% to 18%, with an average value of 13%.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Volgograd changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 10 months, from February 26 to January 1. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 18% on June 25.
Snow alone is the most common for 1.8 months, from January 1 to February 26. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 7% on January 23.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Volgograd experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.6 months, from March 23 to December 11, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 23, with an average total accumulation of 1.2 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from December 11 to March 23. The least rain falls around February 5, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Volgograd experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from November 11 to March 24, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 31, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.6 months, from March 24 to November 11. The least snow falls around July 21, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Volgograd varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 8 hours, 16 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 10 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 3:58 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 56 minutes later at 7:54 AM on January 1. The earliest sunset is at 4:05 PM on December 10, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 3 minutes later at 8:09 PM on June 25.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Volgograd during 2018.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Volgograd, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Volgograd experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from November 21 to April 23, with average wind speeds of more than 10.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.0 months, from April 23 to November 21. The calmest day of the year is July 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Volgograd varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 4.2 months, from January 31 to June 7; for 4.0 days, from August 22 to August 26; and for 2.9 weeks, from November 16 to December 6, with a peak percentage of 38% on February 28. The wind is most often from the west for 1.0 months, from June 7 to July 8; for 2.7 months, from August 26 to November 16; and for 1.8 months, from December 6 to January 31, with a peak percentage of 35% on June 26. The wind is most often from the north for 1.5 months, from July 8 to August 22, with a peak percentage of 32% on July 26.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Volgograd throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Volgograd for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to mid September, with a peak score in the third week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Volgograd for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Volgograd typically lasts for 6.1 months (186 days), from around April 12 to around October 16, rarely starting before March 24 or after May 7, and rarely ending before September 27 or after November 3.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Volgograd should appear around April 23, only rarely appearing before April 14 or after May 3.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 5 to August 20, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 7, with an average of 7.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 28 to February 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 0.9 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Volgograd are 48.719 deg latitude, 44.502 deg longitude, and 161 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Volgograd contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 446 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 180 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (610 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (922 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Volgograd is covered by artificial surfaces (81%), within 10 miles by grassland (33%) and cropland (28%), and within 50 miles by grassland (54%) and cropland (33%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Volgograd, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Volgograd International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Volgograd.
At a distance of 13 kilometers from Volgograd, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Volgograd according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.