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Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Al Ḩawījah Iraq

In Al Ḩawījah, the summers are sweltering, arid, and clear and the winters are cool, dry, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 44°F to 110°F and is rarely below 37°F or above 116°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best times of year to visit Al Ḩawījah for hot-weather activities are from early May to early June and from early September to mid October.

Climate in Al Ḩawījah

coolwarmhotswelteringhotcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow100%100%61%61%clearovercastprecipitation: 0.9 inprecipitation: 0.9 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.6beach/pool score: 8.60.20.2
Al Ḩawījah weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

Average Temperature in Al Ḩawījah

The hot season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 29 to September 20, with an average daily high temperature above 101°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 110°F and low of 86°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 27 to March 11, with an average daily high temperature below 71°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 44°F and high of 61°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in Al Ḩawījah

Average High and Low Temperature in Al ḨawījahhotcoolcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°F110°F110°F120°F120°FJan 1561°FJan 1561°FJul 23110°FJul 23110°F44°F44°F86°F86°FMay 29101°FMay 29101°FSep 20101°FSep 20101°FNov 2771°FNov 2771°FMar 1171°FMar 1171°F77°F77°F77°F77°F53°F53°F52°F52°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in Al Ḩawījah

Average Hourly Temperature in Al ḨawījahJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcoldcoldcoldcoolcoolwarmwarmhotswelteringcoldcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Phoenix, Arizona, United States (7,443 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Al Ḩawījah (view comparison).

Compare Al Ḩawījah to another city:

Clouds

In Al Ḩawījah, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Al Ḩawījah begins around May 20 and lasts for 4.8 months, ending around October 12. On July 11, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 12 and lasts for 7.2 months, ending around May 20. On December 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 39% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 61% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories in Al Ḩawījah

Cloud Cover Categories in Al ḨawījahclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 11100%Jul 11100%Dec 1561%Dec 1561%May 2080%May 2080%Oct 1281%Oct 1281%NowNowclearmostly cloudyovercastmostly clearpartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Al Ḩawījah varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.8 months, from October 20 to May 12, with a greater than 9% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 17% on February 12.

The drier season lasts 5.2 months, from May 12 to October 20. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on July 22.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 17% on February 12.

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Al Ḩawījah

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Al ḨawījahwetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Feb 1217%Feb 1217%Jul 220%Jul 220%Jan 113%Jan 113%Oct 209%Oct 209%May 129%May 129%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Al Ḩawījah experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from October 23 to May 6, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around February 5, with an average total accumulation of 0.9 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.5 months, from May 6 to October 23. The least rain falls around August 31, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in Al Ḩawījah

Average Monthly Rainfall in Al ḨawījahrainrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 inFeb 50.9 inFeb 50.9 inAug 310.0 inAug 310.0 inDec 250.8 inDec 250.8 inOct 230.5 inOct 230.5 inMay 60.5 inMay 60.5 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Al Ḩawījah varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 46 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 33 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Al Ḩawījah

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Al ḨawījahJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 8 minMar 2012 hr, 8 minMar 2014 hr, 33 minJun 2114 hr, 33 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 46 minDec 219 hr, 46 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:49 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 25 minutes later at 7:14 AM on January 6. The earliest sunset is at 4:52 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 32 minutes later at 7:23 PM on June 29.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Al Ḩawījah during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Al Ḩawījah

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Al ḨawījahJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 124:49 AMJun 124:49 AM7:23 PMJun 297:23 PMJun 29Dec 54:52 PMDec 54:52 PM7:14 AMJan 67:14 AMJan 6daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Al Ḩawījah

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Al Ḩawījah, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels in Al Ḩawījah

Humidity Comfort Levels in Al ḨawījahJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jan 190%Jan 190%Nov 10%Nov 10%NowNowdrydrycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Al Ḩawījah experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from May 13 to September 7, with average wind speeds of more than 8.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is June 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.5 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.2 months, from September 7 to May 13. The calmest day of the year is January 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.5 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in Al Ḩawījah

Average Wind Speed in Al ḨawījahwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mphJun 269.5 mphJun 269.5 mphJan 66.5 mphJan 66.5 mphMay 138.0 mphMay 138.0 mphSep 78.0 mphSep 78.0 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Al Ḩawījah varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 7.3 months, from March 9 to October 19, with a peak percentage of 63% on July 5. The wind is most often from the east for 4.7 months, from October 19 to March 9, with a peak percentage of 35% on January 1.

Wind Direction in Al Ḩawījah

Wind Direction in Al ḨawījahEWEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwesteastnorthsouth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Al Ḩawījah throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Al Ḩawījah for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid March to early May and from early October to late November, with a peak score in the first week of November.

Tourism Score in Al Ḩawījah

Tourism Score in Al Ḩawījahbest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.57.53.73.77.47.4NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Al Ḩawījah for hot-weather activities are from early May to early June and from early September to mid October, with a peak score in the last week of September.

Beach/Pool Score in Al Ḩawījah

Beach/Pool Score in Al Ḩawījahbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.68.60.20.27.97.95.95.9NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Al Ḩawījah are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Al Ḩawījah

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Al Ḩawījahgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%90%Jan 1990%Jan 1990%Dec 3190%Dec 31Jul 16100%Jul 16100%NowNowvery coldcoldcoolhotswelteringwarm
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days in Al Ḩawījah

Growing Degree Days in Al ḨawījahJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F1,000°F1,000°F2,000°F2,000°F3,000°F3,000°F4,000°F4,000°F5,000°F5,000°F6,000°F6,000°F7,000°F7,000°F8,000°F8,000°FJan 2189°FJan 2189°FApr 9900°FApr 9900°FDec 318,186°FDec 318,186°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 13 to August 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 8.5 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from November 2 to February 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.8 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 2.6 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Al Ḩawījah

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Al ḨawījahbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWh10 kWh10 kWhJun 238.5 kWhJun 238.5 kWhDec 242.6 kWhDec 242.6 kWhMay 137.3 kWhMay 137.3 kWhAug 247.3 kWhAug 247.3 kWhNov 23.8 kWhNov 23.8 kWhFeb 123.8 kWhFeb 123.8 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Al Ḩawījah are 35.326 deg latitude, 43.773 deg longitude, and 630 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Al Ḩawījah is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 79 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 623 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (272 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,526 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Al Ḩawījah is covered by cropland (72%) and artificial surfaces (22%), within 10 miles by cropland (91%), and within 50 miles by cropland (50%) and bare soil (21%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Al Ḩawījah, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Al Ḩawījah.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Al Ḩawījah according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Al Ḩawījah is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Al Ḩawījah and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Bayji (KQBJ, 45%, 46 kilometers, southwest); Kirkuk Air Base (KQTX, 34%, 55 kilometers, east); and Q West Iraq (KQCO, 21%, 77 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.