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Average Weather in Ha'il Saudi Arabia

In Ha'il, the summers are long, sweltering, arid, and clear and the winters are cold, dry, windy, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 39°F to 103°F and is rarely below 31°F or above 108°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best times of year to visit Ha'il for hot-weather activities are from early May to early July and from early September to mid October.

Climate Summary

coolwarmhotswelteringhotJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow97%97%69%69%clearprecipitation: 0.3 inprecipitation: 0.3 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.8beach/pool score: 8.80.70.7
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 4.4 months, from May 21 to October 1, with an average daily high temperature above 95°F. The hottest day of the year is August 14, with an average high of 103°F and low of 76°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.2 months, from November 25 to March 1, with an average daily high temperature below 71°F. The coldest day of the year is January 16, with an average low of 39°F and high of 63°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Ha'ilJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMNowNowvery coldcoldcoldcoldcoldcoolcoolwarmhotswelteringhotcomfortablevery coldcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Queen Creek, Arizona, United States (7,897 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Ha'il (view comparison).

Clouds

In Ha'il, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Ha'il begins around May 23 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around October 14. On June 15, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 97% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 3% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 14 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around May 23. On December 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 31% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 69% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Ha'ilclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jun 1597%Jun 1597%Dec 1269%Dec 1269%Oct 1483%Oct 1483%NowNowclearovercastmostly clearmostly cloudypartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

Ha'il does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from -0% to 4%, with an average value of 1%.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 4% on March 13.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Ha'ilJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 134%Mar 134%May 280%May 280%Jul 16-0%Jul 16-0%Aug 240%Aug 240%Oct 232%Oct 232%NowNow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ha'il experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Ha'il. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 24, with an average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The least rain falls around June 30, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Ha'il varies over the course of the year. In 2020, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 24 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 53 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Ha'ilJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2013 hr, 53 minJun 2113 hr, 53 minJun 2112 hr, 8 minSep 2212 hr, 8 minSep 2210 hr, 24 minDec 2110 hr, 24 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:17 AM on June 9, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 48 minutes later at 7:05 AM on January 12. The earliest sunset is at 5:18 PM on November 30, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 54 minutes later at 7:12 PM on July 1.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Ha'il during 2020.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Ha'ilJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 95:17 AMJun 95:17 AM7:12 PMJul 17:12 PMJul 1Nov 305:18 PMNov 305:18 PM7:05 AMJan 127:05 AMJan 12daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2020. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Ha'il, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Ha'ilJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 20%Jan 20%Oct 180%Oct 180%NowNowdrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Ha'il experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.2 months, from October 18 to May 26, with average wind speeds of more than 8.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 29, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.8 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.8 months, from May 26 to October 18. The calmest day of the year is August 29, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.8 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Ha'ilwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mphFeb 299.8 mphFeb 299.8 mphAug 297.8 mphAug 297.8 mphOct 188.8 mphOct 188.8 mphMay 268.8 mphMay 268.8 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Ha'il varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 3.5 months, from January 27 to May 10, with a peak percentage of 30% on May 5. The wind is most often from the north for 4.1 months, from May 10 to September 13, with a peak percentage of 62% on July 15. The wind is most often from the south for 1.5 months, from October 2 to November 18 and for 2.2 months, from November 22 to January 27, with a peak percentage of 41% on October 24.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Ha'ilSWNESSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Ha'il throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Ha'il for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid March to early May and from early October to mid November, with a peak score in the last week of October.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Ha'ilbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.97.94.04.07.87.84.14.1NowNow precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Ha'il for hot-weather activities are from early May to early July and from early September to mid October, with a peak score in the last week of September.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Ha'ilbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.88.80.70.78.58.57.17.1NowNow precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Ha'il typically lasts for 11 months (323 days), from around February 5 to around December 23, rarely starting after March 2, or ending before November 30.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Ha'ilgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Feb 550%Feb 550%Dec 2350%Dec 2390%Mar 290%Mar 290%Nov 3090%Nov 3017%Jan 1617%Jan 16Jul 14100%Jul 14100%NowNowcoldcoolwarmhotswelteringvery coldcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Ha'il should appear around January 21, only rarely appearing before January 15 or after February 3.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in Ha'ilJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F1,000°F2,000°F3,000°F4,000°F5,000°F6,000°F7,000°F8,000°FJan 2189°FJan 2189°FApr 8900°FApr 8900°FDec 317,711°FDec 317,711°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 15 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 25, with an average of 8.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 2 to February 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 12, with an average of 4.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Ha'ilbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJun 258.7 kWhJun 258.7 kWhDec 124.0 kWhDec 124.0 kWhMay 157.7 kWhMay 157.7 kWhAug 217.7 kWhAug 217.7 kWhFeb 34.9 kWhFeb 34.9 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ha'il are 27.522 deg latitude, 41.691 deg longitude, and 3,281 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Ha'il contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 387 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,287 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,021 feet). Within 50 miles also contains large variations in elevation (2,835 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Ha'il is covered by artificial surfaces (54%) and bare soil (45%), within 10 miles by bare soil (93%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (96%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Ha'il, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Ha'il Regional Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Ha'il.

At a distance of 9 kilometers from Ha'il, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Ha'il according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.