Average Weather in Sakakah Saudi Arabia
In Sakakah, the summers are long, sweltering, arid, and clear and the winters are cold, dry, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 41°F to 106°F and is rarely below 34°F or above 112°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best times of year to visit Sakakah for hot-weather activities are from early May to late June and from early September to mid October.
The hot season lasts for 4.1 months, from May 24 to September 28, with an average daily high temperature above 97°F. The hottest day of the year is August 9, with an average high of 106°F and low of 80°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.0 months, from November 26 to February 28, with an average daily high temperature below 70°F. The coldest day of the year is January 12, with an average low of 41°F and high of 61°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Sakakah, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Sakakah begins around May 25 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around October 15. On September 8, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 99% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 1% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 15 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around May 25. On December 19, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 31% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 69% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
Sakakah does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from -0% to 3%, with an average value of 1%.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 3% on January 6.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
The sliding 31-day quantity of rainfall in Sakakah does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Sakakah varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 10 hours, 13 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 5 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:17 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 59 minutes later at 7:16 AM on January 10. The earliest sunset is at 5:18 PM on December 2, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 5 minutes later at 7:24 PM on July 1.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Sakakah during 2018.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Sakakah, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Sakakah experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from January 30 to August 12, with average wind speeds of more than 8.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 19, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.5 months, from August 12 to January 30. The calmest day of the year is September 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Sakakah varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 4.4 months, from January 16 to May 27 and for 1.6 weeks, from July 8 to July 19, with a peak percentage of 45% on July 16. The wind is most often from the north for 1.4 months, from May 27 to July 8 and for 2.0 months, from July 19 to September 20, with a peak percentage of 45% on July 3. The wind is most often from the east for 3.9 months, from September 20 to January 16, with a peak percentage of 40% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Sakakah throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Sakakah for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid March to early May and from early October to mid November, with a peak score in the last week of October.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Sakakah for hot-weather activities are from early May to late June and from early September to mid October, with a peak score in the last week of September.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
While it does not do so every year, freezing temperatures are seen in Sakakah over some winters. The day least likely to be in the growing season is January 11, with a 61% chance.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Sakakah should appear around January 25, only rarely appearing before January 17 or after February 11.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 8 to August 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 8.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 4 to February 5, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 3.6 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Sakakah are 29.970 deg latitude, 40.206 deg longitude, and 1,844 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Sakakah contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 358 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,837 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (892 feet). Within 50 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,043 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Sakakah is covered by bare soil (93%), within 10 miles by bare soil (93%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (99%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Sakakah, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Sakakah.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Sakakah according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Sakakah is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Sakakah and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.