Average Weather in Sochi Russia
In Sochi, the summers are warm, muggy, and mostly clear and the winters are long, chilly, wet, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 36°F to 81°F and is rarely below 28°F or above 87°F.
The warm season lasts for 3.1 months, from June 15 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 74°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 81°F and low of 68°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 30 to March 27, with an average daily high temperature below 54°F. The coldest day of the year is January 28, with an average low of 36°F and high of 47°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Sochi, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Sochi begins around June 6 and lasts for 3.9 months, ending around October 2. On August 1, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 92% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 8% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 2 and lasts for 8.1 months, ending around June 6. On January 17, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 63% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 37% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Sochi varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.3 months, from October 22 to May 1, with a greater than 29% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 40% on December 29.
The drier season lasts 5.7 months, from May 1 to October 22. The smallest chance of a wet day is 18% on August 12.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 39% on December 29.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Sochi experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Sochi. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 19, with an average total accumulation of 4.7 inches.
The least rain falls around August 8, with an average total accumulation of 2.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Sochi does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Sochi varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 56 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 26 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 4:39 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 15 minutes later at 7:54 AM on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:44 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 22 minutes later at 8:06 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Sochi during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Sochi experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from June 11 to September 15, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 19% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 30, with muggy conditions 73% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 28, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Sochi experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from November 3 to March 29, with average wind speeds of more than 3.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.1 months, from March 29 to November 3. The calmest day of the year is May 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Sochi varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 4.0 months, from May 29 to September 30, with a peak percentage of 43% on July 15. The wind is most often from the south for 8.0 months, from September 30 to May 29, with a peak percentage of 47% on January 1.
Sochi is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.2 months, from June 22 to September 27, with an average temperature above 72°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 11, with an average temperature of 78°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.2 months, from December 17 to April 22, with an average temperature below 54°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 2, with an average temperature of 47°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 7 to August 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 2, with an average of 7.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 31 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 1.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Sochi are 43.599 deg latitude, 39.726 deg longitude, and 108 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Sochi contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 669 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 140 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (3,304 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (10,902 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Sochi is covered by trees (39%), water (30%), and artificial surfaces (20%), within 10 miles by water (48%) and trees (45%), and within 50 miles by water (53%) and trees (40%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Sochi, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Sochi.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Sochi according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Sochi is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Sochi and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.