1. WeatherSpark.com
  2. Ethiopia
  3. Tigray
Advertisement

Average Weather in Mek'ele Ethiopia

In Mek'ele, the wet season is overcast, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is warm year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 47°F to 84°F and is rarely below 42°F or above 88°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Mek'ele for warm-weather activities are from late January to early June and from late September to late November.

Advertisement

Climate Summary

warmwarmcomfortableJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow77%77%14%14%overcastclearprecipitation: 6.9 inprecipitation: 6.9 in0.2 in0.2 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%drydrytourism score: 7.2tourism score: 7.24.44.4
Click on each chart for more information.
Advertisement

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 1.5 months, from May 8 to June 22, with an average daily high temperature above 82°F. The hottest day of the year is June 4, with an average high of 84°F and low of 59°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.9 months, from September 30 to January 25, with an average daily high temperature below 76°F. The coldest day of the year is December 23, with an average low of 47°F and high of 74°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature in Mek'elewarmcoolcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F10°F20°F30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°F90°F100°FDec 2374°FDec 2374°FJun 484°FJun 484°F47°F47°F59°F59°FSep 3076°FSep 3076°FJan 2576°FJan 2576°F58°F58°F54°F54°F49°F49°FLowHighNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Mek'eleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMNowNowcoldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmwarmcold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Ocuituco, Mexico (8,830 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Mek'ele (view comparison).

Clouds

In Mek'ele, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Mek'ele begins around September 24 and lasts for 8.0 months, ending around May 24. On November 19, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 77% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 23% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around May 24 and lasts for 4.0 months, ending around September 24. On July 23, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 86% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 14% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Mek'eleclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Nov 1977%Nov 1977%Jul 2314%Jul 2314%Sep 2445%Sep 2445%May 2446%May 2446%NowNowclearmostly clearmostly cloudyovercastpartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Mek'ele varies very significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 2.3 months, from June 26 to September 3, with a greater than 34% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 66% on August 2.

The drier season lasts 9.7 months, from September 3 to June 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on January 15.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 66% on August 2.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Mek'elewetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Aug 266%Aug 266%Jan 152%Jan 152%Jun 2634%Jun 2634%Sep 334%Sep 334%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Mek'ele experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.9 months, from February 29 to October 24, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 30, with an average total accumulation of 6.9 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from October 24 to February 29. The least rain falls around November 20, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Mek'ele varies over the course of the year. In 2020, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 20 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 55 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Mek'eleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 55 minJun 2112 hr, 55 minJun 2112 hr, 7 minSep 2212 hr, 7 minSep 2211 hr, 20 minDec 2111 hr, 20 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:53 AM on June 1, and the latest sunrise is 56 minutes later at 6:49 AM on January 24. The earliest sunset is at 5:51 PM on November 20, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 2 minutes later at 6:53 PM on July 9.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Mek'ele during 2020.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Mek'eleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 15:53 AMJun 15:53 AM6:53 PMJul 96:53 PMJul 9Nov 205:51 PMNov 205:51 PM6:49 AMJan 246:49 AMJan 24daynightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2020. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2020. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Mek'ele, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Mek'eleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 20%Jul 20%NowNowcomfortablecomfortabledrydryhumidhumid
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Mek'ele experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 9.3 months, from October 9 to July 20, with average wind speeds of more than 7.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 2.7 months, from July 20 to October 9. The calmest day of the year is September 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Mek'elewindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mphMar 58.7 mphMar 58.7 mphSep 55.7 mphSep 55.7 mphJul 207.2 mphJul 207.2 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Mek'ele varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 2.1 months, from June 11 to August 15, with a peak percentage of 53% on July 16. The wind is most often from the north for 1.9 weeks, from August 15 to August 28, with a peak percentage of 41% on August 15. The wind is most often from the east for 9.4 months, from August 28 to June 11, with a peak percentage of 76% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Mek'eleEWNEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwesteastnorthsouth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Mek'ele throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Mek'ele for general outdoor tourist activities are from late January to early June and from late September to late November, with a peak score in the first week of April.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Mek'elebest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.27.24.44.46.86.85.95.9NowNow precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Mek'ele for hot-weather activities is from late March to mid June, with a peak score in the third week of May.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Mek'elebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468104.64.62.12.13.23.22.72.7NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Mek'ele are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Mek'eleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 2100%Jul 2NowNowcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in Mek'eleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F1,000°F2,000°F3,000°F4,000°F5,000°FJan 1090°FJan 1090°FMay 51,800°FMay 51,800°FDec 315,350°FDec 315,350°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from February 23 to June 6, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 17, with an average of 7.3 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 1.5 months, from July 8 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is July 26, with an average of 4.9 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Mek'elebrightdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhApr 177.3 kWhApr 177.3 kWhJul 264.9 kWhJul 264.9 kWhFeb 236.8 kWhFeb 236.8 kWhJun 66.8 kWhJun 66.8 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Mek'ele are 13.497 deg latitude, 39.475 deg longitude, and 6,785 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Mek'ele contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,112 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 6,906 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,966 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (12,428 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Mek'ele is covered by cropland (100%), within 10 miles by cropland (100%), and within 50 miles by cropland (68%) and shrubs (12%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Mek'ele, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Mek'ele is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Mek'ele, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.