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Average Weather in Qurayyat Saudi Arabia

In Qurayyat, the summers are long, sweltering, arid, and clear and the winters are cold, dry, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 37°F to 101°F and is rarely below 30°F or above 107°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Qurayyat for hot-weather activities is from late May to early October.

Climate Summary

coolwarmhotswelteringhotcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec100%100%71%71%clearprecipitation: 0.3 inprecipitation: 0.3 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 2%muggy: 2%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 9.1beach/pool score: 9.10.10.1
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 24 to September 25, with an average daily high temperature above 92°F. The hottest day of the year is August 1, with an average high of 101°F and low of 70°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.2 months, from November 27 to March 1, with an average daily high temperature below 67°F. The coldest day of the year is January 11, with an average low of 37°F and high of 59°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in QurayyatJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldcoldcoldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotswelteringwarmvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Catalina, Arizona, United States (7,572 miles away) and Llano, Texas, United States (7,277 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Qurayyat (view comparison).

Clouds

In Qurayyat, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Qurayyat begins around May 24 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around October 15. On June 29, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 15 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around May 24. On December 19, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 29% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 71% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in QurayyatclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jun 29100%Jun 29100%Dec 1971%Dec 1971%May 2485%May 2485%Oct 1586%Oct 1586%clearovercastmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

Qurayyat does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 0% to 6%, with an average value of 2%.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 6% on February 10.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in QurayyatJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 106%Feb 106%Jul 20%Jul 20%Jan 15%Jan 15%Apr 33%Apr 33%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Qurayyat experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Qurayyat. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around January 9, with an average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The least rain falls around July 11, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall in QurayyatJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.2 in0.4 in0.6 in0.8 in1.0 inJan 90.3 inJan 90.3 inJul 110.0 inJul 110.0 inAug 200.0 inAug 200.0 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Qurayyat varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 10 hours, 7 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 11 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:25 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 5 minutes later at 7:30 AM on January 9. The earliest sunset is at 5:27 PM on December 4, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 12 minutes later at 7:39 PM on June 30.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Qurayyat during 2018.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in QurayyatJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 115:25 AMJun 115:25 AM7:39 PMJun 307:39 PMJun 30Dec 45:27 PMDec 45:27 PM7:30 AMJan 97:30 AMJan 9daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Qurayyat, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in QurayyatJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 70%Dec 70%Aug 212%Aug 212%drydrycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Qurayyat experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.6 months, from April 15 to September 2, with average wind speeds of more than 9.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.4 months, from September 2 to April 15. The calmest day of the year is October 18, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.6 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Qurayyat varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 1.4 weeks, from October 9 to October 19, with a peak percentage of 35% on October 9. The wind is most often from the west for 3.3 weeks, from October 19 to November 11 and for 10 months, from November 29 to October 9, with a peak percentage of 32% on October 19. The wind is most often from the east for 2.6 weeks, from November 11 to November 29, with a peak percentage of 32% on November 16.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in QurayyatWWEWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westnorthsoutheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Qurayyat throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Qurayyat for general outdoor tourist activities are from early April to mid May and from late September to early November, with a peak score in the third week of October.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Qurayyatbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.28.22.82.87.77.75.25.2 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Qurayyat for hot-weather activities is from late May to early October, with a peak score in the second week of September.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Qurayyatbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468109.19.10.10.19.09.08.48.4precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Qurayyat typically lasts for 10 months (316 days), from around February 1 to around December 14, rarely starting after March 3, or ending before November 19.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Qurayyatgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Feb 150%Feb 150%Dec 1450%Dec 1490%Mar 390%Mar 390%Nov 1990%Nov 1918%Jan 718%Jan 7Jul 13100%Jul 13100%very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotsweltering
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Qurayyat should appear around February 4, only rarely appearing before January 25 or after February 20.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in QurayyatJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F1,000°F2,000°F3,000°F4,000°F5,000°F6,000°FFeb 487°FFeb 487°FApr 25900°FApr 25900°FDec 316,430°FDec 316,430°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 6 to August 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 24, with an average of 8.8 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 6 to February 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 3.3 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in QurayyatbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJun 248.8 kWhJun 248.8 kWhDec 243.3 kWhDec 243.3 kWhMay 67.7 kWhMay 67.7 kWhAug 247.7 kWhAug 247.7 kWhFeb 84.4 kWhFeb 84.4 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Qurayyat are 31.332 deg latitude, 37.343 deg longitude, and 1,637 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Qurayyat contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 174 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,645 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (469 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,798 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Qurayyat is covered by bare soil (96%), within 10 miles by bare soil (97%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (94%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Qurayyat, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Qurayyat.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Qurayyat according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Qurayyat is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Qurayyat and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Gurayat Domestic Airport (98%, 11 kilometers, northwest) and Turaif Domestic Airport (2.1%, 138 kilometers, east).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.