Average Weather in Gondar Ethiopia
In Gondar, the wet season is comfortable and overcast and the dry season is warm and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 51°F to 84°F and is rarely below 48°F or above 88°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Gondar for warm-weather activities is from mid October to late April.
The warm season lasts for 3.8 months, from January 29 to May 23, with an average daily high temperature above 80°F. The hottest day of the year is April 5, with an average high of 84°F and low of 60°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.3 months, from July 5 to September 13, with an average daily high temperature below 71°F. The coldest day of the year is December 21, with an average low of 51°F and high of 78°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Gondar, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Gondar begins around September 20 and lasts for 8.2 months, ending around May 25. On November 20, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 70% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 30% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around May 25 and lasts for 3.8 months, ending around September 20. On July 24, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 88% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 12% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Gondar varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.9 months, from May 27 to September 25, with a greater than 49% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 96% on August 2.
The drier season lasts 8.1 months, from September 25 to May 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on January 12.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 96% on August 2.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Gondar experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.9 months, from March 20 to November 15, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 2, with an average total accumulation of 16.1 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from November 15 to March 20. The least rain falls around January 31, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Gondar does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 52 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 23 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 52 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:03 AM on May 31, and the latest sunrise is 53 minutes later at 6:56 AM on January 25. The earliest sunset is at 6:00 PM on November 19, and the latest sunset is 59 minutes later at 7:00 PM on July 9.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Gondar during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Gondar, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Gondar experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 8.2 months, from October 5 to June 13, with average wind speeds of more than 5.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.1 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 3.8 months, from June 13 to October 5. The calmest day of the year is September 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Gondar varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 2.3 months, from May 14 to July 22 and for 1.5 months, from August 2 to September 16, with a peak percentage of 60% on June 15. The wind is most often from the west for 1.6 weeks, from July 22 to August 2, with a peak percentage of 45% on July 27. The wind is most often from the east for 7.9 months, from September 16 to May 14, with a peak percentage of 44% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Gondar throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Gondar for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid October to late April, with a peak score in the first week of February.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Gondar for hot-weather activities is from mid February to early May, with a peak score in the second week of April.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Gondar are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from February 4 to May 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 1, with an average of 7.1 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 1.7 months, from July 3 to August 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is July 25, with an average of 4.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Gondar are 12.600 deg latitude, 37.467 deg longitude, and 7,221 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Gondar contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,286 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 7,053 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,104 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,776 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Gondar is covered by cropland (100%), within 10 miles by cropland (77%) and shrubs (18%), and within 50 miles by cropland (58%) and shrubs (14%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Gondar, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Gondar is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Gondar, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.