Average Weather in Debre Mark’os Ethiopia
In Debre Mark’os, the wet season is mostly cloudy, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is comfortable year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 46°F to 79°F and is rarely below 41°F or above 85°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Debre Mark’os for warm-weather activities is from early December to late April.
The warm season lasts for 3.7 months, from February 6 to May 28, with an average daily high temperature above 77°F. The hottest day of the year is March 19, with an average high of 79°F and low of 54°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.7 months, from July 2 to September 25, with an average daily high temperature below 68°F. The coldest day of the year is November 6, with an average low of 46°F and high of 69°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Santo Domingo Tepuxtepec, Mexico (8,769 miles away); Santa Lucía Milpas Altas, Guatemala (8,516 miles); and Arequipa, Peru (7,694 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Debre Mark’os (view comparison).
In Debre Mark’os, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Debre Mark’os begins around September 6 and lasts for 6.4 months, ending around March 19. On November 12, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 65% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 35% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around March 19 and lasts for 5.6 months, ending around September 6. On July 28, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 83% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 17% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Debre Mark’os varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.2 months, from May 23 to September 30, with a greater than 49% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 96% on July 29.
The drier season lasts 7.8 months, from September 30 to May 23. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on January 15.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 96% on July 29.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Debre Mark’os experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.3 months, from March 2 to November 12, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 4, with an average total accumulation of 13.7 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from November 12 to March 2. The least rain falls around January 3, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Debre Mark’os does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 43 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 31 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 44 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:06 AM on May 30, and the latest sunrise is 46 minutes later at 6:52 AM on January 27. The earliest sunset is at 6:03 PM on November 17, and the latest sunset is 52 minutes later at 6:55 PM on July 11.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Debre Mark’os during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Debre Mark’os, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Debre Mark’os experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.9 months, from September 30 to May 26, with average wind speeds of more than 3.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is October 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.1 months, from May 26 to September 30. The calmest day of the year is September 2, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Debre Mark’os varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 3.4 weeks, from June 3 to June 27, with a peak percentage of 42% on June 17. The wind is most often from the west for 2.2 months, from June 27 to September 3, with a peak percentage of 56% on July 25. The wind is most often from the east for 9.0 months, from September 3 to June 3, with a peak percentage of 54% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Debre Mark’os throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Debre Mark’os for general outdoor tourist activities is from early December to late April, with a peak score in the second week of February.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Debre Mark’os for hot-weather activities is from early February to late April, with a peak score in the third week of March.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Debre Mark’os are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from January 30 to May 30, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is March 18, with an average of 7.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 1.6 months, from June 29 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is July 18, with an average of 4.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Debre Mark’os are 10.350 deg latitude, 37.733 deg longitude, and 8,159 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Debre Mark’os contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 479 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 8,003 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (4,446 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (10,820 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Debre Mark’os is covered by cropland (90%), within 10 miles by cropland (95%), and within 50 miles by cropland (64%) and grassland (29%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Debre Mark’os, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Debre Mark’os is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Debre Mark’os, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.