Average Weather on September 23 in El Roble Panama
On September 23, the temperature in El Roble typically ranges from 74°F to 85°F and is rarely below 72°F or above 89°F.
For reference, on April 3, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in El Roble typically range from 74°F to 95°F, while on January 19, the coldest day of the year, they range from 72°F to 89°F.
The coolest time of the day is from 9:15 PM to 7:45 AM, with the coldest at 6:15 AM, at which time the temperature is below 75°F three days out of four, and below 76°F nine days out of ten.
The warmest time of the day is from 10:15 AM to 3:30 PM, with the hottest at 12:45 PM, at which time the temperature is above 84°F three days out of four, and above 81°F nine days out of ten.
The day has gained half its heat by 8:45 AM and lost it again by 6:00 PM.
Average Temperature on September 23
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the range of temperatures experienced on September 23 throughout the historical record. The horizontal axis is the time of day and the colored stacked areas indicate the percentage of hours spent in various temperature bands.
Temperature Bands on September 23
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average percentage of the sky covered by clouds in El Roble on September 23 varies over the course of the day.
The cloudiest time of day is around 7:30 PM, at which time the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 98%.
The clearest time of day is around 10:30 AM, at which time the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions is 17%.
For reference, on July 26, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 94%, while on January 3, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 54%.
Cloud Cover Categories on September 23
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
On average, there is a 44% chance that more than 0.04 inches of total precipitation will fall in El Roble throughout the day on September 23, all of which can be expected to be rain.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of precipitation is 48% on October 24, and its lowest chance is 3% on February 1.
For those 44% of years with precipitation on September 23, the chart below shows when throughout the day that precipitation is more or less likely to occur, excluding hourly accumulations of less than 0.01 inches. If precipitation were equally likely throughout the day, all hours would report 4.2% (100% divided by 24 hours).
Precipitation is most likely between 1 PM and 2 PM, and least likely between 6 AM and 7 AM.
Hourly Share of Precipitation on September 23
In El Roble on Monday, September 23, 2019, the Sun rises at 6:11 AM and sets 12 hours, 6 minutes later, at 6:18 PM. Solar noon is at 12:14 PM.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:06 AM and sets 12 hours, 36 minutes later, at 6:42 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:31 AM and sets 11 hours, 39 minutes later, at 6:10 PM.
Civil twilight, the period before the Sun has risen or after the Sun has set during which time it is possible to engage in most outdoor activities without artificial lighting, begins and ends 21 minutes before sunrise and after sunset, at 5:50 AM and 6:39 PM respectively.
Nautical twilight, during which time it is possible to clearly discern the horizon (e.g., for navigational purposes), begins and ends 45 minutes before sunrise and after sunset, at 5:26 AM and 7:03 PM respectively.
Astronomical twilight, outside of which it is possible to make the most sensitive of astronomical observations, begins and ends 1 hour, 9 minutes before sunrise and after sunset, at 5:02 AM and 7:27 PM respectively.
Solar Elevation on September 23, 2019
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
In El Roble on September 23, the chance of muggy conditions does not change significantly over the course of the day, remaining around 100% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels on September 23
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in El Roble on September 23 varies throughout the day, with a daily average of 5.1 miles per hour.
The windiest time of day is around 10:45 AM, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.3 miles per hour, mostly staying between 4.1 miles per hour and 8.4 miles per hour, and rarely falling below 2.5 miles per hour or exceeding 10.5 miles per hour.
The calmest time of day is around 6:45 PM, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.2 miles per hour, mostly staying between 2.8 miles per hour and 5.4 miles per hour, and rarely falling below 1.8 miles per hour or exceeding 7.2 miles per hour.
For reference, on February 27, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.9 miles per hour, while on June 14, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.6 miles per hour.
Wind Speed on September 23
Over the entire course of September 23 in El Roble, the hourly average wind direction, in order of prevalence, is from the west (53%), north (24%), south (19%), and east (4%).
Wind Direction on September 23
El Roble is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water. The average surface water temperature does not change appreciably over the course of the day, so this section does not include a chart.
The average surface water temperature on September 23 in El Roble is 83°F, mostly staying between 83°F and 84°F, and rarely falling below 82°F or exceeding 85°F.
For reference, the year's highest average is 84°F on June 12, and its lowest average is 79°F on March 9.
Shortwave Solar Power
This section discusses the incident shortwave solar power reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The peak incident shortwave solar power per square meter is 0.50 kilowatts at around 12:15 PM.
In contrast, the corresponding value on March 19, the brightest day of the year, is 0.96 kilowatts at around 11:15 AM. The corresponding value on July 25, the darkest day of the year, is 0.44 kilowatts at around 11:15 AM.
Shortwave Solar Power on September 23
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of El Roble are 8.168 deg latitude, -80.659 deg longitude, and 59 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of El Roble contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 180 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 76 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (837 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (6,342 feet).
The area within 2 miles of El Roble is covered by grassland (76%), trees (14%), and shrubs (10%), within 10 miles by grassland (63%) and cropland (15%), and within 50 miles by grassland (29%) and trees (24%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in El Roble, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Albrook "Marcos A. Gelabert" International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of El Roble.
At a distance of 155 kilometers from El Roble, further than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed insufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records. Consequently, the station records are blended with interpolated values from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis , and both are corrected for elevation differences according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
The weight assigned to the MERRA-2 value depends on the distance from El Roble to the nearest station, increasing from 0% at 150 kilometers to 100% at 200 kilometers. In this case, the MERRA-2 weight is 9%, making the weight assigned to the weather station 91%.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.