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Winter Weather in Kansas City Missouri, United States

Daily high temperatures increase by 2°F, from 49°F to 51°F, rarely falling below 23°F or exceeding 68°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 40°F on January 5.

Daily low temperatures are around 28°F, rarely falling below 7°F or exceeding 46°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 24°F on January 7.

For reference, on July 21, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Kansas City typically range from 73°F to 90°F, while on January 6, the coldest day of the year, they range from 24°F to 40°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in the Winter in Kansas City

Average High and Low Temperature in the Winter in Kansas CityDecJanFeb10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°FFallSpringJan 540°FJan 540°F24°F24°FDec 149°FDec 149°F33°F33°FFeb 2851°FFeb 2851°F32°F32°FFeb 142°FFeb 142°F25°F25°F
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average winter temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in the Winter in Kansas City

Average Hourly Temperature in the Winter in Kansas CityDecJanFeb12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMFallSpringfreezingfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoldcoolcool
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Lintong, China (7,145 miles away); Zhu Cheng City, China (6,822 miles); and Gwangju, South Korea (6,671 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Kansas City (view comparison).

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© Esri, et al.

Compare Kansas City to another city:

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The winter in Kansas City experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 49% throughout the season. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 52% on February 13.

The clearest day of the winter is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 53% of the time.

For reference, on February 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 52%, while on August 26, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 72%.

Cloud Cover Categories in the Winter in Kansas City

Cloud Cover Categories in the Winter in Kansas CityDecJanFeb0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%FallSpringAug 2672%Aug 2672%Dec 153%Dec 153%Feb 2850%Feb 2850%Jan 152%Jan 152%Feb 150%Feb 150%clearmostly clearpartly cloudyovercastmostly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Kansas City, the chance of a wet day over the course of the winter is essentially constant, remaining around 13% throughout.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 45% on June 8, and its lowest chance is 10% on January 12.

Over the course of the winter in Kansas City, the chance of a day with only rain remains an essentially constant 8% throughout, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 2% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 3% throughout.

Probability of Precipitation in the Winter in Kansas City

Probability of Precipitation in the Winter in Kansas CityDecJanFeb0%0%5%5%10%10%15%15%20%20%25%25%30%30%FallSpringJan 1310%Jan 1310%Dec 115%Dec 115%Feb 2816%Feb 2816%Jan 112%Jan 112%Feb 113%Feb 113%snowmixedrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the season and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during the winter in Kansas City is essentially constant, remaining about 1.1 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 3.4 inches.

The lowest average 31-day accumulation is 0.6 inches on January 15.

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Winter in Kansas City

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Winter in Kansas CityDecJanFeb0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 in5 in5 inFallSpringJan 140.6 inJan 140.6 inDec 11.6 inDec 11.6 inFeb 281.5 inFeb 281.5 inJan 10.7 inJan 10.7 inFeb 10.8 inFeb 10.8 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.

Snowfall

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day snowfall during the winter in Kansas City is gradually increasing, starting the season at 1.6 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.7 inches or falls below -0.0 inches, and ending the season at 1.9 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.3 inches or falls below -0.0 inches.

The highest average 31-day accumulation is 3.2 inches on February 1.

Average Monthly Snowfall in the Winter in Kansas City

Average Monthly Snowfall in the Winter in Kansas CityDecJanFeb0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 in5 in5 in6 in6 in7 in7 in8 in8 inFallSpringJan 313.2 inJan 313.2 inDec 11.6 inDec 11.6 inFeb 281.9 inFeb 281.9 inJan 12.7 inJan 12.7 in
The average snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Over the course of the winter in Kansas City, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the season, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 40 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 1 minute, 8 seconds, and weekly increase of 7 minutes, 54 seconds.

The shortest day of the winter is December 21, with 9 hours, 25 minutes of daylight and the longest day is February 28, with 11 hours, 18 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Winter in Kansas City

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Winter in Kansas CityDecJanFeb0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrFallSpringDec 219 hr, 25 minDec 219 hr, 25 minnightnightdaydayFeb 2811 hr, 18 minFeb 2811 hr, 18 minFeb 110 hr, 15 minFeb 110 hr, 15 min
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The latest sunrise of the winter in Kansas City is 7:37 AM on January 6 and the earliest sunrise is 46 minutes earlier at 6:52 AM on February 28.

The earliest sunset is 4:55 PM on December 7 and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 14 minutes later at 6:09 PM on February 28.

Daylight saving time is observed in Kansas City during 2021, but it neither starts nor ends during the winter, so the entire season is in standard time.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:52 AM and sets 14 hours, 55 minutes later, at 8:47 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:34 AM and sets 9 hours, 25 minutes later, at 4:59 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in the Winter in Kansas City

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in the Winter in Kansas CityDecJanFeb2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMFallSpring6:52 AM6:52 AMFeb 286:09 PMFeb 286:09 PM7:24 AM7:24 AMDec 74:55 PMDec 74:55 PM7:37 AM7:37 AMJan 65:10 PMJan 65:10 PM7:24 AM7:24 AMFeb 15:39 PMFeb 15:39 PMSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day in the winter. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for the winter of 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Winter in Kansas City

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Winter in Kansas CityDecJanFeb12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMFallSpringNov 44:15 PMNov 44:15 PMNov 192:58 AMNov 192:58 AMDec 41:44 AMDec 41:44 AMDec 1810:36 PMDec 1810:36 PMJan 212:34 PMJan 212:34 PMJan 175:49 PMJan 175:49 PMJan 3111:47 PMJan 3111:47 PMFeb 1610:57 AMFeb 1610:57 AMMar 211:35 AMMar 211:35 AMMar 182:18 AMMar 182:18 AM6:20 PM6:20 PM4:46 PM4:46 PM7:20 AM7:20 AM5:18 PM5:18 PM4:32 PM4:32 PM8:08 AM8:08 AM5:01 PM5:01 PM5:02 PM5:02 PM5:01 PM5:01 PM4:55 PM4:55 PM7:32 AM7:32 AM6:18 PM6:18 PM6:57 PM6:57 PM7:54 AM7:54 AM
The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Kansas City is essentially constant during the winter, remaining around 0% throughout.

The lowest chance of a muggy day during the winter is 0% on December 17.

For reference, on July 23, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 67% of the time, while on December 2, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Winter in Kansas City

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Winter in Kansas CityDecJanFeb0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%FallSpringDec 170%Dec 170%Dec 10%Dec 10%Feb 280%Feb 280%Jan 10%Jan 10%Feb 10%Feb 10%drydryhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Kansas City is gradually increasing during the winter, increasing from 10.8 miles per hour to 11.7 miles per hour over the course of the season.

For reference, on April 1, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 12.6 miles per hour, while on August 7, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.9 miles per hour.

The lowest daily average wind speed during the winter is 10.6 miles per hour on December 17.

Average Wind Speed in the Winter in Kansas City

Average Wind Speed in the Winter in Kansas CityDecJanFeb0 mph0 mph5 mph5 mph10 mph10 mph15 mph15 mph20 mph20 mphFallSpringDec 1710.6 mphDec 1710.6 mphFeb 2811.7 mphFeb 2811.7 mphFeb 111.3 mphFeb 111.3 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The wind direction in Kansas City during the winter is predominantly out of the south from December 1 to December 22 and the north from December 22 to February 28.

Wind Direction in the Winter in Kansas City

Wind Direction in the Winter in Kansas CitySNSDecJanFeb0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%FallSpringwestsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Kansas City typically lasts for 7.0 months (214 days), from around April 3 to around November 2, rarely starting before March 13 or after April 21, and rarely ending before October 15 or after November 20.

The winter in Kansas City is reliably fully outside of the growing season.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Winter in Kansas City

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Winter in Kansas CityDecJanFeb0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%FallSpring0%Jan 150%Jan 1550%Nov 250%Nov 2Nov 2010%Nov 2010%frigidfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in Kansas City are very rapidly decreasing during the winter, decreasing by 4,431°F, from 4,475°F to 43°F, over the course of the season.

Growing Degree Days in the Winter in Kansas City

Growing Degree Days in the Winter in Kansas CityDecJanFeb0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°F3,000°F3,000°F3,500°F3,500°F4,000°F4,000°F4,500°F4,500°FFallSpringDec 14,475°FDec 14,475°FFeb 2743°FFeb 2743°FJan 10°FJan 10°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the winter, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Kansas City is rapidly increasing during the winter, rising by 1.5 kWh, from 2.3 kWh to 3.8 kWh, over the course of the season.

The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during the winter is 2.1 kWh on December 21.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Winter in Kansas City

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Winter in Kansas CityDecJanFeb0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWhFallSpringDec 212.1 kWhDec 212.1 kWhDec 12.3 kWhDec 12.3 kWhFeb 283.8 kWhFeb 283.8 kWhFeb 12.8 kWhFeb 12.8 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kansas City are 39.100 deg latitude, -94.579 deg longitude, and 899 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Kansas City contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 285 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 830 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (377 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (531 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Kansas City is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (82%) and trees (12%), and within 50 miles by cropland (72%) and trees (14%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in Kansas City, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Kansas City.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Kansas City according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Kansas City is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Kansas City and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:

To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Kansas City and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.