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Winter Weather in Harare Zimbabwe

Daily high temperatures increase by 6°F, from 71°F to 77°F, rarely falling below 63°F or exceeding 83°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 68°F on July 3.

Daily low temperatures are around 50°F, rarely falling below 42°F or exceeding 58°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 47°F on July 10.

For reference, on October 30, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Harare typically range from 61°F to 82°F, while on July 10, the coldest day of the year, they range from 47°F to 69°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in the Winter in Harare

Average High and Low Temperature in the Winter in HarareJunJulAug40°F40°F45°F45°F50°F50°F55°F55°F60°F60°F65°F65°F70°F70°F75°F75°F80°F80°F85°F85°F90°F90°FFallSpringJul 168°FJul 168°F47°F47°FJun 171°FJun 171°F50°F50°FAug 3177°FAug 3177°F53°F53°FAug 171°FAug 171°F48°F48°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average winter temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in the Winter in Harare

Average Hourly Temperature in the Winter in HarareJunJulAug12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMFallSpringNowNowcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarm
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.
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The winter in Harare experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 7% throughout the season. The lowest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 6% on July 25.

The clearest day of the winter is July 25, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 94% of the time.

For reference, on January 7, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 75%, while on July 25, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 94%.

Cloud Cover Categories in the Winter in Harare

Cloud Cover Categories in the Winter in HarareJunJulAug0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%FallSpringJan 725%Jan 725%Jun 192%Jun 192%Aug 3193%Aug 3193%Jul 193%Jul 193%Aug 194%Aug 194%NowNowclearmostly clearovercastpartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Rainfall

To show variation within the season and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during the winter in Harare is essentially constant, remaining about 0.1 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.1 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.

The lowest average 31-day accumulation is 0.0 inches on August 28.

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Winter in Harare

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Winter in HarareJunJulAug0.0 in0.0 in0.2 in0.2 in0.4 in0.4 in0.6 in0.6 in0.8 in0.8 in1.0 in1.0 in1.2 in1.2 inFallSpringAug 280.0 inAug 280.0 inJun 10.1 inJun 10.1 inJul 10.1 inJul 10.1 inAug 10.2 inAug 10.2 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.

Over the course of the winter in Harare, the length of the day is increasing. From the start to the end of the season, the length of the day increases by 38 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 25 seconds, and weekly increase of 2 minutes, 54 seconds.

The shortest day of the winter is June 21, with 11 hours, 4 minutes of daylight and the longest day is August 31, with 11 hours, 45 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Winter in Harare

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Winter in HarareJunJulAug0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrFallSpringJun 2011 hr, 4 minJun 2011 hr, 4 mindaydaydaydaynightAug 3111 hr, 45 minAug 3111 hr, 45 minAug 111 hr, 20 minAug 111 hr, 20 minNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The latest sunrise of the winter in Harare is 6:27 AM on July 6 and the earliest sunrise is 24 minutes earlier at 6:03 AM on August 31.

The earliest sunset is 5:27 PM on June 3 and the latest sunset is 21 minutes later at 5:48 PM on August 31.

Daylight saving time is not observed in Harare during 2024.

For reference, on December 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:18 AM and sets 13 hours, 12 minutes later, at 6:30 PM, while on June 20, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:25 AM and sets 11 hours, 4 minutes later, at 5:29 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in the Winter in Harare

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in the Winter in HarareJunJulAug12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMFallSpring6:03 AM6:03 AMAug 315:48 PMAug 315:48 PM6:20 AM6:20 AMJun 35:27 PMJun 35:27 PM6:27 AM6:27 AMJul 65:33 PMJul 65:33 PM6:22 AM6:22 AMAug 15:42 PMAug 15:42 PMSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day in the winter. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in the Winter in Harare

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in the Winter in HarareJunJulAug12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMFallSpring001020203030405000101020303040405060NowNow
northeastsouthwest
Solar elevation and azimuth in the the winter of 2024. The black lines are lines of constant solar elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon, in degrees). The background color fills indicate the azimuth (the compass bearing) of the sun. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries of the cardinal compass points indicate the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for the winter of 2024. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Winter in Harare

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Winter in HarareJunJulAug12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMFallSpringMay 85:23 AMMay 85:23 AMMay 233:54 PMMay 233:54 PMJun 62:38 PMJun 62:38 PMJun 223:09 AMJun 223:09 AMJul 612:58 AMJul 612:58 AMJul 2112:18 PMJul 2112:18 PMAug 41:14 PMAug 41:14 PMAug 198:26 PMAug 198:26 PMSep 33:56 AMSep 33:56 AMSep 184:35 AMSep 184:35 AM6:18 AM6:18 AM5:46 PM5:46 PM5:18 PM5:18 PM6:58 AM6:58 AM5:20 PM5:20 PM4:53 PM4:53 PM6:46 AM6:46 AM6:54 AM6:54 AM6:04 PM6:04 PM5:46 PM5:46 PM7:20 AM7:20 AM5:48 PM5:48 PM5:36 PM5:36 PM6:42 AM6:42 AM6:14 AM6:14 AM6:13 PM6:13 PM5:20 PM5:20 PM5:57 AM5:57 AM
The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Harare is essentially constant during the winter, remaining around 0% throughout.

For reference, on January 29, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 7% of the time, while on May 14, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Winter in Harare

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Winter in HarareJunJulAug0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%FallSpringJun 10%Jun 10%Aug 310%Aug 310%Jul 10%Jul 10%Aug 10%Aug 10%drydryhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Harare is rapidly increasing during the winter, increasing from 7.4 miles per hour to 9.7 miles per hour over the course of the season.

For reference, on October 2, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 10.7 miles per hour, while on January 21, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.9 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in the Winter in Harare

Average Wind Speed in the Winter in HarareJunJulAug0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mphFallSpringJun 17.4 mphJun 17.4 mphAug 319.7 mphAug 319.7 mphJul 18.2 mphJul 18.2 mphAug 18.5 mphAug 18.5 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The hourly average wind direction in Harare throughout the winter is predominantly from the east, with a peak proportion of 82% on August 31.

Wind Direction in the Winter in Harare

Wind Direction in the Winter in HarareJunJulAug0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%FallSpringNowNoweastnorthsouthwest
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Harare are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Winter in Harare

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Winter in HarareJunJulAug0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%FallSpring100%Jul 17100%Jul 17NowNowcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in Harare are very rapidly decreasing during the winter, decreasing by 5,041°F, from 5,666°F to 625°F, over the course of the season.

Growing Degree Days in the Winter in Harare

Growing Degree Days in the Winter in HarareJunJulAug1,000°F1,000°F2,000°F2,000°F3,000°F3,000°F4,000°F4,000°F5,000°F5,000°F6,000°F6,000°FFallSpringJun 15,666°FJun 15,666°FAug 31625°FAug 31625°FJul 10°FJul 10°FAug 1261°FAug 1261°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the winter, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Harare is increasing during the winter, rising by 1.3 kWh, from 5.4 kWh to 6.7 kWh, over the course of the season.

The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during the winter is 5.3 kWh on June 22.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Winter in Harare

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Winter in HarareJunJulAug0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWhFallSpringJun 225.3 kWhJun 225.3 kWhJun 15.4 kWhJun 15.4 kWhAug 316.7 kWhAug 316.7 kWhAug 15.9 kWhAug 15.9 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Harare are -17.828 deg latitude, 31.053 deg longitude, and 4,902 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Harare contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 272 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,872 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (712 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (2,717 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Harare is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (53%) and cropland (30%), and within 50 miles by cropland (53%) and grassland (24%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in Harare, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Harare.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Harare according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Harare is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Harare and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:

To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Harare and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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