Winter Weather in Madrid Mexico
Daily high temperatures are around 85°F, rarely falling below 81°F or exceeding 89°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 84°F on January 23.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 4°F, from 66°F to 62°F, rarely falling below 57°F or exceeding 70°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 62°F on January 26.
For reference, on May 27, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Madrid typically range from 71°F to 90°F, while on January 23, the coldest day of the year, they range from 62°F to 84°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in the Winter in Madrid
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average winter temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in the Winter in Madrid
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The winter in Madrid experiences decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 46% to 34%. The lowest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 34% on February 24.
The clearest day of the winter is February 24, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 66% of the time.
For reference, on September 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 94%, while on February 23, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 66%.
Cloud Cover Categories in the Winter in Madrid
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Madrid, the chance of a wet day over the course of the winter is essentially constant, remaining around 4% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 67% on August 26, and its lowest chance is 0% on April 9.
Probability of Precipitation in the Winter in Madrid
To show variation within the season and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during the winter in Madrid is essentially constant, remaining about 0.6 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 3.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in the Winter in Madrid
Over the course of the winter in Madrid, the length of the day is increasing. From the start to the end of the season, the length of the day increases by 42 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 28 seconds, and weekly increase of 3 minutes, 16 seconds.
The shortest day of the winter is December 21, with 10 hours, 59 minutes of daylight and the longest day is February 28, with 11 hours, 45 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Winter in Madrid
The earliest sunrise of the winter in Madrid is 7:12 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 19 minutes later at 7:31 AM on January 18.
The earliest sunset is 6:16 PM on December 1 and the latest sunset is 44 minutes later at 7:00 PM on February 28.
Daylight saving time is observed in Madrid during 2021, but it neither starts nor ends during the winter, so the entire season is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 7:18 AM and sets 13 hours, 17 minutes later, at 8:35 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:24 AM and sets 10 hours, 59 minutes later, at 6:23 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in the Winter in Madrid
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for the winter of 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Winter in Madrid
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Madrid is very rapidly decreasing during the winter, falling from 63% to 23% over the course of the season.
For reference, on August 9, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on March 27, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 20% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in the Winter in Madrid
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Madrid is gradually increasing during the winter, increasing from 4.8 miles per hour to 5.6 miles per hour over the course of the season.
For reference, on May 27, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.4 miles per hour, while on October 28, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in the Winter in Madrid
The wind direction in Madrid during the winter is predominantly out of the west from December 1 to December 10 and from January 18 to February 28 and the north from December 10 to January 18.
Wind Direction in the Winter in Madrid
Madrid is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Madrid is decreasing during the winter, falling by 4°F, from 83°F to 79°F, over the course of the season.
Average Water Temperature in the Winter in Madrid
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Madrid are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Winter in Madrid
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Madrid are very rapidly decreasing during the winter, decreasing by 7,797°F, from 9,108°F to 1,311°F, over the course of the season.
Growing Degree Days in the Winter in Madrid
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Madrid is rapidly increasing during the winter, rising by 1.7 kWh, from 4.6 kWh to 6.2 kWh, over the course of the season.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during the winter is 4.3 kWh on December 20.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Winter in Madrid
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Madrid are 19.085 deg latitude, -103.871 deg longitude, and 600 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Madrid contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,949 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 840 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,154 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (13,953 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Madrid is covered by cropland (54%) and trees (46%), within 10 miles by cropland (52%) and trees (47%), and within 50 miles by trees (35%) and cropland (30%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Madrid, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Madrid.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Madrid according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Madrid is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Madrid and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.