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Fall Weather in North Valley New Mexico, United States

Daily high temperatures decrease by 34°F, from 86°F to 52°F, rarely falling below 42°F or exceeding 92°F.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 31°F, from 63°F to 31°F, rarely falling below 23°F or exceeding 67°F.

For reference, on July 3, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in North Valley typically range from 66°F to 92°F, while on January 4, the coldest day of the year, they range from 27°F to 47°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in the Fall in North Valley

Average High and Low Temperature in the Fall in North ValleySepOctNov20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FSummerWinterSep 186°FSep 186°F63°F63°FNov 3052°FNov 3052°F31°F31°FOct 178°FOct 178°F53°F53°FNov 165°FNov 165°F41°F41°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average fall temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in the Fall in North Valley

Average Hourly Temperature in the Fall in North ValleySepOctNov12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMSummerWinterNowNowfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Khānī Yek, Iran (7,733 miles away); Karukh, Afghanistan (7,582 miles); and Khadan Khāk, Pakistan (7,876 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to North Valley (view comparison).

Compare North Valley to another city:

Clouds

The fall in North Valley experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 26% throughout the season. The lowest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 20% on September 29.

The clearest day of the fall is September 29, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 80% of the time.

For reference, on February 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 38%, while on June 12, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 81%.

Cloud Cover Categories in the Fall in North Valley

Cloud Cover Categories in the Fall in North ValleySepOctNov0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%SummerWinterFeb 1562%Feb 1562%Sep 172%Sep 172%Nov 3069%Nov 3069%Oct 179%Oct 179%Nov 173%Nov 173%NowNowclearmostly clearovercastpartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In North Valley, the chance of a wet day over the course of the fall is very rapidly decreasing, starting the season at 22% and ending it at 8%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 31% on August 8, and its lowest chance is 6% on February 6.

Probability of Precipitation in the Fall in North Valley

Probability of Precipitation in the Fall in North ValleySepOctNov0%0%5%5%10%10%15%15%20%20%25%25%30%30%SummerWinterSep 122%Sep 122%Nov 308%Nov 308%Oct 113%Oct 113%Nov 110%Nov 110%NowNowrainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the season and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during the fall in North Valley is decreasing, starting the season at 1.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.0 inches or falls below 0.4 inches, and ending the season at 0.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 0.9 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Fall in North Valley

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Fall in North ValleySepOctNov0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 inSummerWinterSep 11.1 inSep 11.1 inNov 300.4 inNov 300.4 inOct 10.9 inOct 10.9 inNov 10.6 inNov 10.6 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

Over the course of the fall in North Valley, the length of the day is very rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the season, the length of the day decreases by 2 hours, 55 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 1 minute, 57 seconds, and weekly decrease of 13 minutes, 36 seconds.

The shortest day of the fall is November 30, with 9 hours, 59 minutes of daylight and the longest day is September 1, with 12 hours, 53 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Fall in North Valley

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Fall in North ValleySepOctNov0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrSummerWinterSep 2212 hr, 8 minSep 2212 hr, 8 minnightnightdaydayNov 309 hr, 59 minNov 309 hr, 59 minNov 110 hr, 43 minNov 110 hr, 43 minNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The latest sunrise of the fall in North Valley is 7:32 AM on November 6 and the earliest sunrise is 59 minutes earlier at 6:33 AM on November 7.

The latest sunset is 7:32 PM on September 1 and the earliest sunset is 2 hours, 38 minutes earlier at 4:54 PM on November 30.

Daylight saving time (DST) ends at 1:00 AM on November 7, 2021, shifting sunrise and sunset to be an hour earlier.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:52 AM and sets 14 hours, 32 minutes later, at 8:24 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:11 AM and sets 9 hours, 47 minutes later, at 4:58 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in the Fall in North Valley

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in the Fall in North ValleySepOctNov12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMSummerWinter6:33 AM6:33 AMNov 75:06 PMNov 75:06 PM6:39 AM6:39 AMSep 17:32 PMSep 17:32 PM6:55 AM6:55 AMNov 304:54 PMNov 304:54 PM7:01 AM7:01 AMOct 16:49 PMOct 16:49 PMDSTNov 7DSTNov 7SolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day in the fall. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for the fall of 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Fall in North Valley

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Fall in North ValleySepOctNov12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMSummerWinterAug 87:51 AMAug 87:51 AMAug 226:03 AMAug 226:03 AMSep 66:52 PMSep 66:52 PMSep 205:55 PMSep 205:55 PMOct 65:06 AMOct 65:06 AMOct 208:57 AMOct 208:57 AMNov 43:15 PMNov 43:15 PMNov 191:58 AMNov 191:58 AMDec 412:44 AMDec 412:44 AMDec 189:36 PMDec 189:36 PM8:38 PM8:38 PM7:48 PM7:48 PM6:30 AM6:30 AM6:08 AM6:08 AM7:43 PM7:43 PM7:22 PM7:22 PM7:25 AM7:25 AM7:13 PM7:13 PM6:17 PM6:17 PM7:13 AM7:13 AM7:08 AM7:08 AM6:16 PM6:16 PM4:43 PM4:43 PM7:00 AM7:00 AM7:26 AM7:26 AM5:21 PM5:21 PM4:34 PM4:34 PM7:44 AM7:44 AM
The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in North Valley is essentially constant during the fall, remaining around 0% throughout.

For reference, on August 10, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Fall in North Valley

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Fall in North ValleySepOctNov0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%SummerWinterSep 10%Sep 10%Nov 300%Nov 300%Oct 10%Oct 10%Nov 10%Nov 10%comfortablecomfortabledrydryhumidhumid
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in North Valley is increasing during the fall, increasing from 6.2 miles per hour to 7.6 miles per hour over the course of the season.

For reference, on April 11, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 10.2 miles per hour, while on August 14, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.8 miles per hour.

The highest daily average wind speed during the fall is 7.6 miles per hour on November 17.

Average Wind Speed in the Fall in North Valley

Average Wind Speed in the Fall in North ValleySepOctNov0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mphSummerWinterNov 177.6 mphNov 177.6 mphSep 16.2 mphSep 16.2 mphOct 17.3 mphOct 17.3 mphNov 17.4 mphNov 17.4 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The wind direction in North Valley during the fall is predominantly out of the south from September 1 to September 22 and the west from September 22 to November 30.

Wind Direction in the Fall in North Valley

Wind Direction in the Fall in North ValleySWSepOctNov0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%SummerWinterNowNowwestsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in North Valley typically lasts for 7.0 months (213 days), from around April 6 to around November 5, rarely starting before March 15 or after April 26, and rarely ending before October 16 or after November 24.

During the fall in North Valley, the chance that a given day is within the growing season is very rapidly decreasing falling from 100% to 3% over the course of the season.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Fall in North Valley

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Fall in North Valleygrowing seasonSepOctNov0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%SummerWinter100%Sep 1100%Sep 1Nov 303%Nov 303%100%Oct 1100%Oct 160%Nov 160%Nov 1NowNowfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in North Valley are very rapidly increasing during the fall, increasing by 934°F, from 3,350°F to 4,284°F, over the course of the season.

Growing Degree Days in the Fall in North Valley

Growing Degree Days in the Fall in North ValleySepOctNov3,200°F3,200°F3,400°F3,400°F3,600°F3,600°F3,800°F3,800°F4,000°F4,000°F4,200°F4,200°F4,400°F4,400°FSummerWinterSep 13,350°FSep 13,350°FNov 304,284°FNov 304,284°FOct 13,920°FOct 13,920°FNov 14,208°FNov 14,208°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the fall, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in North Valley is very rapidly decreasing during the fall, falling by 3.0 kWh, from 6.3 kWh to 3.4 kWh, over the course of the season.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Fall in North Valley

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Fall in North ValleySepOctNov0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhSummerWinterSep 16.3 kWhSep 16.3 kWhNov 303.4 kWhNov 303.4 kWhOct 15.6 kWhOct 15.6 kWhNov 14.3 kWhNov 14.3 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of North Valley are 35.173 deg latitude, -106.623 deg longitude, and 4,990 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of North Valley contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 174 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 5,017 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (5,240 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (6,526 feet).

The area within 2 miles of North Valley is covered by shrubs (75%), cropland (13%), and artificial surfaces (12%), within 10 miles by shrubs (77%) and artificial surfaces (13%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (70%) and grassland (14%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in North Valley, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in North Valley.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and North Valley according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at North Valley is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between North Valley and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Albuquerque International Airport (KABQ, 65%, 15 kilometers, south); Double Eagle II Airport (KAEG, 29%, 16 kilometers, west); and Santa Fe Municipal Airport (KSAF, 7%, 69 kilometers, northeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.