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Spring Weather in Calgary Canada

Daily high temperatures increase by 29°F, from 37°F to 65°F, rarely falling below 12°F or exceeding 77°F.

Daily low temperatures increase by 27°F, from 18°F to 45°F, rarely falling below -3°F or exceeding 52°F.

For reference, on August 5, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Calgary typically range from 52°F to 75°F, while on January 1, the coldest day of the year, they range from 12°F to 29°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in the Spring in Calgary

Average High and Low Temperature in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay-10°F-10°F0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°FWinterSummerMar 137°FMar 137°F18°F18°FMay 3165°FMay 3165°F45°F45°FApr 147°FApr 147°F27°F27°FMay 158°FMay 158°F36°F36°F
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average spring temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in the Spring in Calgary

Average Hourly Temperature in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMWinterSummerfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcoolcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Koprivshtitsa, Bulgaria (5,505 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Calgary (view comparison).

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The spring in Calgary experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 63% to 55%. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 64% on March 18.

The clearest day of the spring is May 30, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 45% of the time.

For reference, on March 18, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 64%, while on July 29, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 68%.

Cloud Cover Categories in the Spring in Calgary

Cloud Cover Categories in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%WinterSummerJul 2968%Jul 2968%Mar 137%Mar 137%May 3145%May 3145%Apr 137%Apr 137%May 142%May 142%clearmostly clearpartly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Calgary, the chance of a wet day over the course of the spring is very rapidly increasing, starting the season at 7% and ending it at 31%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 34% on June 17, and its lowest chance is 3% on February 4.

Over the course of the spring in Calgary, the chance of a day with only rain increases from 1% to 30%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 2% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow decreases from 5% to 0%.

Probability of Precipitation in the Spring in Calgary

Probability of Precipitation in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay0%0%5%5%10%10%15%15%20%20%25%25%30%30%35%35%WinterSummerMar 17%Mar 17%May 3131%May 3131%Apr 110%Apr 110%May 118%May 118%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the season and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during the spring in Calgary is very rapidly increasing, starting the season at 0.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 0.2 inches or falls below -0.0 inches, and ending the season at 2.6 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.5 inches or falls below 1.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Spring in Calgary

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 in5 in5 inWinterSummerMar 10.1 inMar 10.1 inMay 312.6 inMay 312.6 inApr 10.3 inApr 10.3 inMay 11.2 inMay 11.2 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.

Snowfall

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day snowfall during the spring in Calgary is decreasing, starting the season at 1.9 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.1 inches or falls below 0.1 inches, and ending the season at 0.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.4 inches or falls below -0.0 inches.

The highest average 31-day accumulation is 2.4 inches on March 22.

Average Monthly Snowfall in the Spring in Calgary

Average Monthly Snowfall in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 in5 in5 in6 in6 inWinterSummerMar 222.4 inMar 222.4 inMar 11.9 inMar 11.9 inMay 310.4 inMay 310.4 inMay 11.5 inMay 11.5 in
The average snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Over the course of the spring in Calgary, the length of the day is very rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the season, the length of the day increases by 5 hours, 16 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 3 minutes, 28 seconds, and weekly increase of 24 minutes, 19 seconds.

The shortest day of the spring is March 1, with 10 hours, 57 minutes of daylight and the longest day is May 31, with 16 hours, 13 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Spring in Calgary

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrWinterSummerMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minnightnightdaydayMay 114 hr, 49 minMay 114 hr, 49 min
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The latest sunrise of the spring in Calgary is 7:54 AM on March 13 and the earliest sunrise is 2 hours, 27 minutes earlier at 5:27 AM on May 31.

The earliest sunset is 6:17 PM on March 1 and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 23 minutes later at 9:41 PM on May 31.

Daylight saving time (DST) starts at 3:00 AM on March 13, 2022, shifting sunrise and sunset to be an hour later.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:21 AM and sets 16 hours, 33 minutes later, at 9:54 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:37 AM and sets 7 hours, 54 minutes later, at 4:31 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in the Spring in Calgary

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMWinterSummer5:27 AM5:27 AMMay 319:41 PMMay 319:41 PM7:20 AM7:20 AMMar 16:17 PMMar 16:17 PM7:11 AM7:11 AMApr 18:09 PMApr 18:09 PM6:09 AM6:09 AMMay 18:58 PMMay 18:58 PMMar 13DSTMar 13DSTSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day in the spring. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in the Spring in Calgary

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMWinterSummer0010203040500101020304060
northeastsouthwest
Solar elevation and azimuth in the the spring of 2022. The black lines are lines of constant solar elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon, in degrees). The background color fills indicate the azimuth (the compass bearing) of the sun. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries of the cardinal compass points indicate the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for the spring of 2022. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Spring in Calgary

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMWinterSummerFeb 169:57 AMFeb 169:57 AMMar 210:35 AMMar 210:35 AMMar 181:18 AMMar 181:18 AMApr 112:25 AMApr 112:25 AMApr 1612:56 PMApr 1612:56 PMApr 302:29 PMApr 302:29 PMMay 1510:15 PMMay 1510:15 PMMay 305:31 AMMay 305:31 AMJun 145:52 AMJun 145:52 AMJun 288:53 PMJun 288:53 PM8:24 AM8:24 AM7:52 AM7:52 AM6:22 PM6:22 PM8:19 AM8:19 AM7:38 PM7:38 PM7:22 PM7:22 PM6:54 AM6:54 AM9:05 PM9:05 PM5:58 AM5:58 AM10:27 PM10:27 PM5:06 AM5:06 AM10:19 PM10:19 PM
The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Calgary is essentially constant during the spring, remaining around 0% throughout.

For reference, on July 4, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Spring in Calgary

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%WinterSummerMar 10%Mar 10%May 310%May 310%Apr 10%Apr 10%May 10%May 10%drydrycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Calgary is decreasing during the spring, decreasing from 8.1 miles per hour to 7.0 miles per hour over the course of the season.

For reference, on December 25, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.7 miles per hour, while on August 3, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.8 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in the Spring in Calgary

Average Wind Speed in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mphWinterSummerMar 18.1 mphMar 18.1 mphMay 317.0 mphMay 317.0 mphApr 18.1 mphApr 18.1 mphMay 17.7 mphMay 17.7 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The hourly average wind direction in Calgary throughout the spring is predominantly from the west, with a peak proportion of 51% on March 1.

Wind Direction in the Spring in Calgary

Wind Direction in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%WinterSummerwestsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Calgary typically lasts for 4.4 months (135 days), from around May 12 to around September 23, rarely starting before April 22 or after May 30, and rarely ending before September 5 or after October 13.

During the spring in Calgary, the chance that a given day is within the growing season is very rapidly increasing rising from 0% to 92% over the course of the season.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Spring in Calgary

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Spring in Calgarygrowing seasonMarAprMay0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%WinterSummerMar 10%Mar 10%92%May 3192%May 31Apr 10%Apr 10%May 124%May 124%frigidfreezingvery coldcoldcoolwarm
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in Calgary are increasing during the spring, increasing by 213°F, from 4°F to 218°F, over the course of the season.

Growing Degree Days in the Spring in Calgary

Growing Degree Days in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay50°F50°F100°F100°F150°F150°F200°F200°F250°F250°F300°F300°FWinterSummerMar 14°FMar 14°FMay 31218°FMay 31218°FApr 115°FApr 115°FMay 173°FMay 173°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the spring, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Calgary is very rapidly increasing during the spring, rising by 3.5 kWh, from 2.8 kWh to 6.3 kWh, over the course of the season.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Spring in Calgary

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Spring in CalgaryMarAprMay0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhWinterSummerMar 12.8 kWhMar 12.8 kWhMay 316.3 kWhMay 316.3 kWhApr 14.3 kWhApr 14.3 kWhMay 15.7 kWhMay 15.7 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Calgary are 51.050 deg latitude, -114.085 deg longitude, and 3,425 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Calgary contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 299 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,507 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (951 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (7,936 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Calgary is covered by artificial surfaces (99%), within 10 miles by cropland (42%) and artificial surfaces (41%), and within 50 miles by cropland (62%) and trees (19%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in Calgary, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Calgary.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Calgary according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Calgary is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Calgary and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:

To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Calgary and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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